The ampere is that current which, if maintained in each of two infinitely long parallel wires separated by one meter in free space, would produce a force between the two wires (due to their magnetic fields) of 2 x 10-7 newtons for each meter of length.
The SI unit of electric resistance is the ohm (Ω). 1 Ω = 1 V/A.
When spelled out in full, unit names are treated like ordinary English nouns. Thus the names of all units start with a lower-case letter, except at the beginning of a sentence or in capitalized material such as a title. In keeping with this rule, the unit symbols for Ampere is a capitalized "A" and Volt is capitalized "V" because both unit names are based on the names of scientists.
Andre Marie Ampere (1775 - 1836) Name endures in everyday life in the ampere, the unit for measuring electric current. These biographical website can help you learn more:
Count Alessandro Volta (1745 - 1827) Name endures in everyday life in the volt, the derived unit for measuring electric potential and also the inventor of the first battery. These biographical website can help you learn more:
- Energy Quest – Super Scientists
- IEEE Global History Network
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) School of Engineering
- Spark Museum of Electrical Invention
For Students and Teachers
- A is for Ampere – Circuit Playground (Video)
- Kid's Corner - Voltage & Current
- TeachEngineering - Ampere's Law (Grade 12)
- History of NIST Quantum Voltage Standards
League of SI Superheroes – Ms. Ampere
This comic book-style video animation series has been developed to help middle school students learn about the 7 SI base measurement units. Ms. Ampere has a shocking amount of power over the flow of electrons—electrical current. In practical terms, an ampere is the measure of the flow of electrons past a point—about 6 quintillion electrons (that's a 6 followed by 18 zeros!) per second.