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Physical Measurement Laboratory

PML is a world leader in the science of measurement. We determine the definitive methods for nearly every kind of measurement employed in commerce and research, provide NIST-traceable calibrations, and disseminate standards and best practices throughout the nation. At the same time, PML works continuously at the outermost frontiers of metrology, devising tools and techniques to meet the ever-changing demands of American industry and science.

News and Updates

Measuring Sunlight from Space, on a Chip

For 40 years, people have used space-based sensors to measure the amount of light coming from the Sun, which gives scientists insight into climate change on

Events

Industry Impacts

Fare Standards for Rideshare Services

To calculate fares, app-based ride services such as Lyft and Uber don’t use traditional taxi meters, but instead combine data from GPS and cellular networks to

Nanolithography Design Tools

Accurate production of nanoscale features on semiconductor chips is essential to their performance, but typical design tools cater to the dominance of straight

High-Power Lasers for Manufacturing 

Measuring the intensity of high-power lasers used by manufacturers for precision cutting and welding can be difficult due to large instrumentation challenges

Brain Mapping Technologies

Magnetic signals produced by electrical currents in the brain can be used to map brain processes and help in the diagnosis and treatment of disease

Awards

Press Coverage

Patents

QUANTUM-ENABLED FLOW CYTOMETER

NIST Inventors
Sergey Polyakov and Ivan Burenkov
patent description We invented a flow cytometer that can self-calibrate in an absolute way that can reach the sensitivity for quantification and enumeration of a single and small number of biological markers per a biological entity. The cytometer uses a photon-number resolving detector (or a

Contacts

PML Director and Deputy Director

Associate Director for Measurement Services and Associate Director

Executive Secretaries