The Kelvin (K) is the fraction 1/273.16 of the thermodynamic temperature of the triple point of water. The temperature 0 K is commonly referred to as "absolute zero." On the widely used Celsius temperature scale, water freezes at 0 °C and boils at about 100 °C. One Celsius degree is an interval of 1 K, and zero degrees Celsius is 273.15 K. An interval of one Celsius degree corresponds to an interval of 1.8 Fahrenheit degrees on the Fahrenheit temperature scale.
The standard temperature at the triple point of water is provided by a special cell, an evacuated glass cylinder containing pure water. When the cell is cooled enough so that a mantle of ice forms around the reentrant well, the temperature at the interface of solid, liquid, and vapor is 273.16 K. Thermometers to be calibrated are placed in the reentrant well.
|Temperature Conversion (Exact)|
|From||To Fahrenheit||To Celsius||To Kelvin|
(°F - 32) / 1.8
(°F - 32) / 1.8 + 273.15
(°C * 1.8) + 32
°C + 273.15
(K - 273.15) * 1.8 + 32
K - 273.15
|Common Temperature Reference Points|
|Celsius (°C)||Kelvin||Fahrenheit (°F)|
|Surface of the Sun|
|Boiling Point of Water|
|Freezing Point of Water|
|Oven Temperature Equivalencies|
Celsius Temperature Poem
- 30 °C is hot
- 20 °C is nice
- 10 °C is cold
- 0 °C is ice
League of SI Superheroes – Dr. Kelvin
This comic book-style video animation series has been developed to help middle school students learn about the 7 SI base measurement units. With the ability to speed up or slow down particles, Dr. Kelvin can measure any temperature. The Kelvin temperature scale begins at absolute zero, the coldest possible temperature and the point at which even atoms would stand perfectly still.