Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Barbara Voting Document

Past TGDC Meetings:…


History? (from TGDC page)

As part of its development of new voting standards, NIST consults with TGDC subcommittees and holds regular subcommittee teleconferences and periodic TGDC meetings. TGDC meetings and presentations, along with related NIST work material are open to the public. The public may submit comments to the TGDC, and may view other public comments and position statements submitted to the TGDC. --  - posted elsewhere

History? (From Human Subjects)

Accessible Voting Technology - posted elsewhere

From VVSG Page:

VVSG 1.1  - posted elsewhere

VVSG 1.0 - posted elsewhere

From the NVLAP Page:

Voting System Testing LAP

The Help America Vote Act (HAVA) of 2002 Section 231 requires EAC and NIST to develop a national program for accrediting voting system testing laboratories. On June 23, 2004, NIST published a Federal Register notice announcing the establishment of this program under the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP). In June 2005, NIST/NVLAP announced the availability of applications for the voting systems program in the Federal Register.

The purpose of the Voting System Testing laboratory accreditation program (VST LAP) is to accredit Voting System Test Laboratories (VSTLs) to conduct testing of voting systems and components, providing a measure of confidence that such laboratories are capable of performing testing to meet the requirements of HAVA. VSTLs will provide testing services for core voting requirements and may subcontract requirements that are not voting-specific. VSTLs will use tests and test methods from the 2005 Voluntary Voting System Guidelines (VVSG, version 1.0), including test methods incorporated by reference (e.g., electromagnetic compatibility).

Laboratories that achieve NVLAP accreditation are eligible for recommendation by NIST to the EAC. The EAC will then decide whether to certify the recommended testing laboratories as EAC-certified VSTLs. The EAC may add additional criteria as part of their process.

More detailed information about NVLAP and its Voting System Testing Program can be viewed at the NVLAP homepage.




Previous Versions




Voting Systems

Publication Type Title
2/2/2016 NIST SP 1500-100 Election Results Common Data Format Specification
7/24/2015 NISTIR 8069 Systematic Measurement of Marginal Mark Types on Voting Ballots
9/15/2014 Paper The IEEE VSSC/1622: Voting System Standards
8/9/2010 Paper Performance Requirements for End-to-End Verifiable Elections
9/25/2009 Paper Desirable Properties of Voting Systems
8/26/2009 Paper A VVSG-derived Model of Election Data
10/9/2008 Paper Electronic Voting
4/1978 NIST SP 500-30
(originially NBSIR 75-786)
Effective Use of Computing Technology in Vote Tallying

Human Factors (Usability and Accessibility)

12/22/2015 NISTIR 8047 Cloud-based Accessibility for Voting Applications
1/5/2012 NISTGCR 12-956 Development of Appropriate Test Markings for Optical Scan Voting Machines, Phase 2: Analysis of Ballot Markings
5/2/2011 Paper Development of Appropriate Test Markings for Optical Scan Voting Machines, Phase 1: Ballot Scanning and Collection
5/2009 NISTIR 7596 Guidelines for Writing Clear Instructions and Messages for Voters and Poll Workers
5/2009 NISTIR 7556 Report of Findings: Use of Language in Ballot Instructions
10/2008 NISTIR 7537 Guidelines for Using Color in Voting Systems
8/2008 NISTIR 7519 Style Guide for Voting System Documentation
4/1/2004 NIST SP 500-256 Improving the Usability and Accessibility of Voting Systems and Products


9/2011 NISTIR 7711 Security Best Practices for the Electronic Transmission of Election Materials for UOCAVA Voters
9/2011 NISTIR 7682 Information System Security Best Practices for UOCAVA-Supporting Systems
2/2011 NISTIR 7770 Security Considerations for Remote Electronic UOCAVA Voting
10/4/2010 Paper On the Privacy Threats of Electronic Poll Books
7/21/2010 Paper Sigma Ballots
2/1/2010 Paper Attacking Paper-Based E2E Voting Systems
12/2008 NISTIR 7551 A Threat Analysis on UOCAVA Voting Systems
8/1988 NIST SP 500-158 Accuracy, Integrity, and Security in Computerized Vote-Tallying

Additional Voting Publications

Date Title
1998-2006 Sample State and Local Ballots
2005 Glossary and References from the 2005 Voluntary Voting System Guidelines (VVSG version 1.0)
1934 Election Administration in the United States, by Joseph Harris


Additional NIST Resources

Date Title
October 16, 2014 Avoiding Catastrophes in Cyberspace through Smarter Testing: How to prevent Heartbleed-like disasters using readily available testing technologies
February 23, 2015

NIST IR 8023: Risk Management for Replication Devices



Voting Test Page POC

Created January 4, 2023, Updated February 24, 2023