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The 2002 Help America Vote Act has given NIST a key role in helping to realize nationwide improvements in voting systems. To assist the Election Assistance Commission with the development of voluntary voting system guidelines, HAVA established the Technical Guidelines Development Committee (TGDC) and directs NIST to chair the TGDC.



 Voluntary Voting System Guidelines (VVSG)

The Voluntary Voting System Guidelines (VVSG) 2.0 was released on February 10, 2021, by the Commissioners of the Election Assistance Commission (EAC):


NIST Voting Research Group General Information

Historical Voting TWiki Site


Webinars on the VVSG 2.0 draft Requirements: Improving the Accessibility and Usability of Voting Systems

Part 1: Introducing the Human Factors Requirements Slides: PPT or PDF

Part 2: Updates to Best Practices and New Technologies for Voting Systems Slides: PPT or PDF

Past Activities


NIST and the Help America Vote Act (HAVA)

NIST research activities include:

  • security of computers, computer networks, and computer data storage used in voting systems;
  • methods to detect and prevent fraud;
  • protection of voter privacy; and
  • the role of human factors in the design and application of voting systems, including assistive technologies for individuals with disabilities (including blindness) and varying levels of literacy
  • the recommendation for accreditation of testing labs to the U.S. Election Assistance Commission (EAC). The EAC, not NIST, certifies voting systems for use in elections.