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Electric Vehicle Fueling and Submetering: U.S. National Work Group on Measuring Systems

The U.S. National Work Group (USNWG) formed in August 2012, to develop proposed requirements for commercial electricity-measuring devices (including those used in sub-metering electricity at residential and business locations and those used to measure and sell electricity dispensed as a vehicle fuel) and to ensure that the prescribed methodologies and standards facilitate measurements that are traceable to the International System of Units (SI). This work is not intended to address utility metering in the home or business where the electricity metered is consumed by the end purchaser and that falls under the authority of entities such as the local utility commission.

The USNWG will review and propose changes as needed to:

  1. Draft requirements for equipment used to measure and sell electricity in commercial applications for possible inclusion in NIST Handbook 44 (HB 44), ''Specifications, Tolerances, and Other Technical Requirements for Weighing and Measuring Devices''; and
  2. Draft procedures for type evaluation, laboratory, and field testing of equipment for possible inclusion in NIST Examination Procedure Outlines and other procedure documents.

Included among the topics to be discussed by the USNWG for current and emerging device technologies used in commercial electric measuring systems are: (1) Method-of-sale requirements; (2) metrology laboratory standards and test procedures; (3) uncertainties; (4) measurement traceability; (5) tolerances and other technical requirements for commercial measuring systems; (6) existing standards for testing equipment; (7) field implementation; (8) data analysis; (9) field test and type evaluation procedures; (10) field enforcement issues; (11) training at all levels; and (12) other relevant issues identified by the USNWG.

The USNWG's technical output may result in the revision of current standards or the development of new standards for testing equipment, including documents such as the NIST Handbook 105 Series: Specifications and Tolerances for Reference Standards and Field Standard Weights and Measures available on the NIST OWM/Publication website; NIST HB 44: Specifications, Tolerances, and Other Technical Requirements for Weighing and Measuring Devices, and NIST Examination Procedure Outlines (EPO), as well as proposed changes to requirements and testing procedures for commercial devices and systems used to assess charges to consumers for electric vehicle fuel.

Of Interest

USNWG Restructures

On August 26, 2016, the USNWG agreed to modify its June 2013 version of Operational Guidelines to restructure into two subgroups to better address the two commercial equipment applications within the work group’s scope: (1) Electric Vehicle Service Equipment (EVSE) and (2) Watthour Type Electric Meters (WHE).

EVSE DRAFT Examination Procedure Outline (EPO)

In December 2015 Draft EPO 30 was distributed as a starting point for the Test Procedure Subcommittee and EVSE Subgroup discussions. An EPO includes the minimum recommended procedures to be used in official inspection and testing of commercial weighing and measuring equipment. The EPO is intended for routine test and inspection of an EVSE by officials/service industry to compliance with HB requirements. NIST developed EPO 30 based on device design, performance, test, operation requirements in NIST Handbook 44 Sections 1.10. General Code, 3.40. Electric Vehicle Fueling Systems – Tentative Code, and 5.55 Timing Devices. Please note that no meeting date has been established for the start of discussions about Draft EPO 30.


The National Conference on Weights and Measures (NCWM) is sponsoring a National Type Evaluation Program (NTEP) Work Group (WG) that will develop an NCWM Publication 14 Checklist for EVSE devices based on NIST Handbook 44 Sections 1.10, 3.40, and 5.55. The NTEP EVSE WG is chaired by Andrei Moldoveanu (NEMA) and report to the NTEP Committee (a subgroup of the NCWM BOD) and the NCWM Board of Directors (BOD). NTEP EVSE WG representatives were recruited from NTEP laboratories/evaluators, EVSE experts, test equipment experts, the Federal Government and a technical industry association. The EVSE Device Checklist must be first evaluated and then certified by NTEP.

Next Meeting:

Web Conference of the USNWG Electric Watt Hour Subgroup
Date: November 2, 16, and 18, 2021
Time: 1:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. (EST)
Contact:  Lisa Warfield at lisa.warfield [at]
Agenda: The Subgroup will continue its review and development of the draft NIST Handbook 44 code for Electric Watt Hour Meters.

Contact Ms. Warfield to obtain login details.

USNWG Operating Guidelines:



Meeting Summaries:

USNWG EVF MTG SUMMARY 29AUG2012 rev 29Nov2012

USNWG EVF&S MTG SUMMARY 15-17Jan2013 rev 4Jun2013

USNWG EVF&S MTG SUMMARY 26Mar2013 rev 25Jun2013

USNWG Electric Watthour Subgroup Agenda – November 2017

USNWG Electric Watthour Subgroup Agenda – September 2017

USNWG Electric Watthour SUMMARY - August 2019

For meeting summaries from June 11, 2013 up through July 6, 2016 please send a request to the USNWG Contact listed below

Meeting Agendas:

August 29, 2012; EVF&S USNWG Meeting Agenda; Tele/Web Conference

January 15-17, 2013; EVF&S USNWG Meeting Agenda; Gaithersburg, MD

March 26, 2013; EVF&S USNWG Meeting Agenda; Tele/Web Conference

June 11, 2013; EVF&S USNWG Meeting Agenda; Tele/Web Conference

October 30, 2013, EVF&S USNWG Meeting Agenda; Tele/Web Conference

For meeting agendas from January 7-8, 2014 up through July 6, 2016 please send a request to the USNWG Contact listed below

Latest Codes: NIST Handbook 130: Method of Sale Regulation for Electricity Sold as Vehicle Fuel
(Current Ed.)

IV. Uniform Regulations

  • B. Uniform Regulation for the Method of Sale of Commodities DOC | PDF
    • 2.34. Retail Sales of Electricity Sold as a Vehicle Fuel

NIST Handbook 44: Device Code Requirements for Electric Vehicle Fueling
(Current Ed.)

  • 1.10.  General Code DOC | PDF
  • 3.40.  Electric Vehicle Fueling Systems – Tentative Code DOC | PDF
  • 5.55.  Timing Devices DOC | PDF


Development of International Standards: During the October 2016 15th International Conference of the 51st CIML the approval of a new project in TC 12 Instruments for measuring electrical quantities, the revision of R 46(2012) to be conducted as specified in the project proposal addendum to consider retitling the recommendation and address new and different technology and applications.

Ms. Katya Delak -  katya.delak [at] (301) 975-2520
Mr. Ralph Richter - ralph.richter [at] (301) 975-3997

  • OIML R 46-1/-2 (2012) Active electrical energy meters. Available on the OIML website at:
  • Part 1: Metrological and technical requirements
  • Part 2: Metrological controls and performance tests


Electric Vehicle Fueling


Created November 19, 2012, Updated October 18, 2021