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Search Publications by Norman F. Bergren

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 30

Progress toward a 1 V Pulse-Driven AC Josephson Voltage Standard

Author(s)
Samuel P. Benz, Paul D. Dresselhaus, Alain Rufenacht, Norman F. Bergren, Joseph R. Kinard Jr., Regis Landim
We present a new record rms output voltage of 275 mV, which is a 25 % improvement over the maximum achieved with previous ac Josephson voltage standard (ACJVS)

Design of a Turn-Key 10 V Programmable Josephson Voltage Standard System

Author(s)
Paul D. Dresselhaus, Mike Elsbury, Charles J. Burroughs, David I. Olaya, Samuel P. Benz, Norman F. Bergren, Robert E. Schwall, Zoya Popovic
NIST is designing a 10 V Programmable Josephson Voltage Standard (PJVS) system with an improved microwave design and arrays of stacked NbXSi1-x-barrier

Design of SNS Josephson Arrays for High Voltage Applications

Author(s)
Paul D. Dresselhaus, Samuel P. Benz, Charles J. Burroughs, Norman F. Bergren, Yonuk Chong
The voltage from a single, microwave-biased Josephson junction is a small quantity; thus useful voltages are only generated through series arrays of many

AC-DC Transfer Standard Measurements with an AC Josephson Voltage Standard

Author(s)
Samuel P. Benz, Charles J. Burroughs, Paul D. Dresselhaus, Norman F. Bergren, Thomas E. Lipe, Joseph R. Kinard Jr., Yi-hua Tang
In order to improve the NIST low-voltage calibration service for thermal voltage converters, we have constructed an ac Josephson voltage standard system that

Time-Division SQUID Multiplexers

Author(s)
Kent D. Irwin, Leila R. Vale, Norman F. Bergren, Steven Deiker, Erich N. Grossman, Gene C. Hilton, John M. Martinis, Sae Woo Nam, Carl D. Reintsema, David A. Rudman, Martin Huber
SQUID multiplexers (MUX) make is possible to build arrays of thousands of low-temperature bolometers and microcalorimeters based on superconducting transition

Progress Towards Arrays of Microcalorimeter X-ray Detectors

Author(s)
Sae Woo Nam, David A. Wollman, Dale E. Newbury, Gene C. Hilton, Kent D. Irwin, David A. Rudman, Steven Deiker, Norman F. Bergren, John M. Martinis
The high performance of single-pixel microcalorimeter EDS (υcal EDS) has been shown to be very useful for a variety of microanalysis cases. The primary

Microfabricated Transition-Edge X-ray Detectors

Author(s)
Gene C. Hilton, John M. Martinis, Kent D. Irwin, Norman F. Bergren, David A. Wollman, Martin Huber, Sae Woo Nam
We are developing high performance x-ray detectors based on superconducting transition-edge sensors (TES) for application in materials analysis and astronomy

Low Voltage Microanalysis using Microcalorimeter EDS

Author(s)
David A. Wollman, Sae Woo Nam, Gene C. Hilton, Kent D. Irwin, David A. Rudman, Norman F. Bergren, Steven Deiker, John M. Martinis, Martin Huber, Dale E. Newbury
We present the current performance of the prototype high-resolution microcalorimeter energy-dispersive spectrometer (υcal EDS) developed at NIST for x-ray

Microcalorimeter Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometer for Low Voltage Microanalysis

Author(s)
David A. Wollman, John M. Martinis, Sae Woo Nam, Gene C. Hilton, Kent D. Irwin, David A. Rudman, Norman F. Bergren, Steven Deiker, Martin Huber, Dale E. Newbury
Improved x-ray detector technology continues to be a critical metrological need in the semiconductor industry for contaminant particle analysis1,2 and for high

Microcalorimeter EDS: Benefits and Drawbacks

Author(s)
David A. Wollman, Dale E. Newbury, Sae Woo Nam, Gene C. Hilton, Kent D. Irwin, David A. Rudman, Steven Deiker, Norman F. Bergren, John M. Martinis
The commercial introduction of high-count-rate, near-room-temperature silicon drift detectors (presently available) and high-energy-resolution cryogenic

Microcalorimeter EDS Measurements of Chemical Shifts in Fe Compounds

Author(s)
David A. Wollman, Dale E. Newbury, Gene C. Hilton, Kent D. Irwin, L L. Dulcie, Norman F. Bergren, John M. Martinis
Chemical shifts result from changes in electron binding energies with the chemical environment of atoms. In x-ray spectra, chemical shifts lead to changes in x