Raymond Hayward received his B.S. in physics from Iowa State College in 1943 and earned his Ph.D. in physics from the University of California in 1950. His thesis was on beta and gamma-ray spectroscopy. Hayward was hired by Ugo Fano at the National Bureau of Standards (NBS, now the National Institute of Standards and Technology, NIST) in 1950. He moved to the Radioactivity Section in 1952 and developed beta-gamma coincidence techniques, which record simultaneous detections of beta particles and gamma rays. Hayward was promoted to chief of the Nuclear Spectroscopy Section in 1964.
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Research interests: quantum mechanics; the weak interaction (i.e., the fundamental force responsible for radioactive decay); nuclear beta decay (the transformation of a neutron into a proton); gravitational waves; spontaneous nuclear transitions; electromagnetism