The forensic community uses NIST Standard Reference Databases to assist with accurate:
- fingerprint matching;
- genetic mapping and identity testing;
- arson investigation; and
- cybercrime investigation.
Some NIST data resources are freely available online while others are fee-for-purchase. Many are available through the NIST Data Gateway. In addition, NIST offers modeling software and other tools for forensic laboratories.
NIST SD 10 - Supplemental Fingerprint Card Data
NIST SD 14 - Mated Fingerprint Card Pairs
NIST SD 18 - NIST Mugshot Identification Database
NIST SD 30 - Dual Resolution Images from Paired Fingerprint Cards
NIST SD 130 - Short Tandem Repeat Database (STRBase)
NIST SD 28 - National Software Reference Library
Inventory of Forensic Databases and Reference Materials
In 2012, the Forensic Science Research Program, with sponsorship from the National Institute of Justice, conducted a survey of state and federal law enforcement agencies to develop a comprehensive list of databases, reference materials, and standard reference collections used by forensic scientists in laboratories at the state and local levels. The primary goal was to share information about existing data for forensic practitioners to share and use. The survey located 228 state, federal, and commercially run databases which are available to view here.