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Search Publications by: Jeff Chiles (Fed)

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 25

Demonstration of Superconducting Optoelectronic Single-Photon Synapses

October 6, 2022
Saeed Khan, Bryce Primavera, Jeff Chiles, Adam McCaughan, Sonia Buckley, Alexander Tait, Adriana Lita, John Biesecker, Anna Fox, David Olaya, Richard Mirin, Sae Woo Nam, Jeff Shainline
Superconducting optoelectronic hardware is being explored as a path towards artificial spiking neural networks with unprecedented scales of complexity and computational ability. Such hardware combines integrated-photonic components for few-photon, light

New Constraints on Dark Photon Dark Matter with Superconducting Nanowire Detectors in an Optical Haloscope

June 10, 2022
Jeff Chiles, Ilya Charaev, Asimina Arvanitaki, Masha Baryakhtar, junwu huang, Robert Lasenby, Ken Van Tillburg, Alexana Roshko, George Burton, Marco Colangelo, Sae Woo Nam, Karl Berggren
Uncovering the nature of dark matter is one of the most important goals of particle physics. Light bosonic particles, such as the dark photon, are well-motivated candidates: they are generically long-lived, weakly-interacting, and naturally produced in the

PHIDL: Python-based layout and geometry creation for nanolithography

September 27, 2021
Adam McCaughan, Alexander N. Tait, Sonia Buckley, Jeff Chiles, Jeff Shainline, Sae Woo Nam, Dylan M. Oh
Computer-aided design (CAD) has become a critical element in the creation of nanopatterned structures and devices. In particular, with the increased adoption of easy-to-learn programming languages like python, there has been a significant rise in the

Characterization of waveguide-integrated single-photon detectors using integratedphotonic structures

February 18, 2021
Sonia M. Buckley, Alexander N. Tait, Jeffrey T. Chiles, Adam N. McCaughan, Saeed Khan, Richard Mirin, Sae Woo Nam, Jeffrey M. Shainline
We show several techniques for using integrated-photonic waveguide structures to simultaneously characterize multiple waveguide-integrated superconducting-nanowire detectors with a single fiber input. We demonstrate structures for direct comparison of

Recent advances in superconducting nanowire single-photon detector technology for exoplanet transit spectroscopy in the mid-infrared

January 12, 2021
Varun Verma, Jeff Chiles, Adriana Lita, Richard Mirin, Sae Woo Nam, Yao Zhai, Adam McCaughan, Emma Wollman, Alexander Walter, Boris Korzh, Jason Allmaras, Ekkehart Schmidt, S. Frasca, Matthew Shaw
Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors, or SNSPDs, have become the highest-performing class of single-photon detectors in the near-IR. At telecom wavelengths, SNSPDs have demonstrated detection effi- ciency above 95%, intrinsic dark count rates

Microresonator enhanced, waveguide coupled emission from silicon defect centers for superconducting optoelectronic networks

July 10, 2020
Alexander N. Tait, Sonia M. Buckley, Jeffrey M. Shainline, Adam N. McCaughan, Jeffrey T. Chiles, Sae Woo Nam, Richard P. Mirin
Superconducting optoelectronic networks could achieve scales unmatched in hardware-based neuromorphic computing. After summarizing recent progress in this area, we report new results in cryogenic silicon photonic light sources, components central to these

Microring resonator-coupled photoluminescence from silicon W centers

July 10, 2020
Alexander N. Tait, Sonia M. Buckley, Jeffrey T. Chiles, Adam N. McCaughan, Sae Woo Nam, Richard P. Mirin, Jeffrey M. Shainline
Defect centers are promising candidates for waveguide-integrated silicon light sources. We demonstrate microresonator- and waveguide-coupled photoluminescence from silicon W centers. Observations indicate that wavelengths that are on-resonance with

Superconducting microwire detectors with single-photon sensitivity in the near-infrared

June 16, 2020
Jeffrey T. Chiles, Sonia M. Buckley, Adriana E. Lita, Varun B. Verma, Jeffrey M. Shainline, Richard P. Mirin, Sae Woo Nam, Jason Allmaras, Boris Korzh, Emma Wollman, Matthew Shaw
We report on the fabrication and characterization of single-photon-sensitive WSi superconducting detectors with wire widths from 1 υm to 3 υm. The devices achieve saturated internal detection efficiency at 1.55 υm wavelength and exhibit maximum count rates

Low-loss, high-bandwidth fiber-to-chip coupling using capped adiabatic tapered fibers

May 1, 2020
Saeed Khan, Jeff Shainline, Richard Mirin, Sae Woo Nam, Sonia Buckley, Jeff Chiles
We demonstrate adiabatically tapered fibers terminating in sub-micron tips that are clad with a higher-index material for coupling to an on-chip waveguide. This cladding enables coupling to a high-index waveguide without losing light to the buried oxide. A

Second harmonic generation in GaAs-on-insulator waveguides fabricated at the wafer-scale

March 18, 2020
Eric J. Stanton, Jeff Chiles, Nima Nader, Galan Moody, Nicolas Volet, Lin Chang, John E. Bowers, Sae Woo Nam, Richard Mirin
Second harmonic generation (SHG) is demonstrated with unprecedented efficiency for a single-pass device. Modal phase-matching in GaAs-on-insulator waveguides is used to convert a 2.0 µm TE pump to a 1.0 µm TM signal with an efficiency of 40 W−1 in a length

Nonlinear Silicon waveguides produce tunable frequency combs spanning 2.0-8.5 ?m

September 25, 2019
Nima Nader, Abijith S. Kowligy, Jeffrey T. Chiles, Eric J. Stanton, Henry R. Timmers, Alexander J. Lind, Kimberly Briggman, Scott Diddams, Flavio Caldas da Cruz, Richard Mirin, Sae Woo Nam, Daniel M. Lesko
We present fully air clad suspended-silicon waveguides for efficient nonlinear interactions limited only by the silicon transparency. Novel fork-shaped couplers provide efficient input ( 2 dB) and broadband 3 dB output coupling spanning 6.0-8.5 υm

Multi-functional integrated photonics in the mid-infrared with suspended AlGaAs on silicon

September 18, 2019
Jeff Chiles, Nima Nader, Eric J. Stanton, Daniel Herman, Galan Moody, Biswarup Guha, Kartik Srinivasan, Scott Diddams, Ian Coddington, Nathan R. Newbury, Jeff Shainline, Sae Woo Nam, Richard Mirin, Jiangang Zhu, Juliet Gopinath, Connor Fredrick
The microscale integration of mid- and longwave-infrared photonics could enable the development of fieldable and reliable chemical sensors. The choice of material platform immediately determines the strength and types of optical nonlinearities available

Design of superconducting optoelectronic networks for neuromorphic computing

November 6, 2018
Sonia Buckley, Adam McCaughan, Jeff Chiles, Richard Mirin, Sae Woo Nam, Jeff Shainline
We have previously proposed a novel hardware platform for neuromorphic computing based on superconducting optoelectronics that presents many of the features necessary for information processing in the brain. Here we discuss the design and training of

Circuit designs for superconducting optoelectronic loop neurons

October 12, 2018
Jeffrey M. Shainline, Adam N. McCaughan, Jeffrey T. Chiles, Richard P. Mirin, Sae Woo Nam, Sonia M. Buckley
We present designs of superconducting optoelectronic neurons based on superconducting single- photon detectors, Josephson junctions, semiconductor light sources, and multi-planar dielectric waveguides. The neurons send few-photon signals to synaptic

Fully self-referenced frequency comb consuming 5 Watts of electrical power

September 12, 2018
Paritosh Manurkar, Edgar F. Perez, Daniel D. Hickstein, David R. Carlson, Jeffrey T. Chiles, Daron A. Westly, Esther Baumann, Scott A. Diddams, Nathan R. Newbury, Kartik A. Srinivasan, Scott B. Papp, Ian R. Coddington
We present a hybrid fiber/waveguide design for a 100-MHz frequency comb that is fully self- referenced and temperature controlled with less than 5 W of electrical power. Self-referencing is achieved by supercontinuum generation in a silicon nitride

Superconducting optoelectronic networks V: networks and scaling

May 17, 2018
Jeffrey M. Shainline, Jeffrey T. Chiles, Sonia M. Buckley, Adam N. McCaughan, Richard P. Mirin, Sae Woo Nam
Networks of superconducting optoelectronic neurons are investigated for their near-term technological potential and long-term physical limitations. Networks with short average path length, high clustering coefficient, and power-law degree distribution are

Superconducting optoelectronic networks I: general principles

April 6, 2018
Jeffrey M. Shainline, Sonia M. Buckley, Adam N. McCaughan, Jeffrey T. Chiles, Richard P. Mirin, Sae Woo Nam
The design of neural hardware is informed by the prominence of differentiated processing and information integration in cognitive systems. The central role of communication leads to the principal assumption of the hardware platform: signals between neurons

Deuterated silicon nitride photonic devices for broadband optical frequency comb generation

March 26, 2018
Jeffrey T. Chiles, Nima Nader, Daniel D. Hickstein, Su Peng Yu, Travis Briles, David R. Carlson, Hojoong Jung, Jeffrey M. Shainline, Scott A. Diddams, Scott B. Papp, Sae Woo Nam, Richard P. Mirin
We report and characterize low-temperature, plasma-deposited deuterated silicon nitride films for nonlinear integrated photonics. With a peak processing temperature less than 300°C, it is back-end compatible with complementary metal-oxide semiconductor

Versatile silicon-waveguide supercontinuum for coherent mid-infrared spectroscopy

March 6, 2018
Nima Nader, Daniel Maser, Flavio Caldas da Cruz, Abijith S. Kowligy, Henry R. Timmers, Jeffrey T. Chiles, Connor D. Fredrick, Daron A. Westly, Richard P. Mirin, Jeffrey M. Shainline, Scott A. Diddams
Infrared spectroscopy is a powerful tool for basic and applied science. The rich “spectral fingerprints” of compounds in the 3 um - 20 um region provide a means to uniquely identify the molecular structure for applications that include fundamental

All-silicon light-emitting diodes waveguide-integrated with superconducting single-photon detectors

October 2, 2017
Sonia M. Buckley, Jeffrey T. Chiles, Adam N. McCaughan, Galan Moody, Kevin L. Silverman, Martin J. Stevens, Richard P. Mirin, Sae Woo Nam, Jeffrey M. Shainline
An on-chip, silicon-compatible light source has long been pursued for telecommunications, with limited success. However, for integrated systems utilizing superconducting detectors, cryogenic operation is already required. This allows these systems to