Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Publications

Search Publications by Maria E. Nadal

Search Title, Abstract, Conference, Citation, Keyword or Author
Displaying 1 - 25 of 74

Recent research and development in photometry at NIST

April 22, 2021
Author(s)
Yuqin Zong, Maria Nadal, Benjamin K. Tsai, C Cameron Miller
Many developments were made in recent years in photometry at NIST for reducing measurement uncertainties, increasing calibration efficiencies, and adding measurement capabilities. The 40 years old photometry laboratory has been renovated. The new

2018 National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan

March 26, 2019
Author(s)
Jason E. Boehm, Heather Evans, Ajitkumar Jillavenkatesa, Maria Nadal, Mark A. Przybocki, Paul Witherell, Rebecca A. Zangmeister
The 2018 National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan provide an analysis of the external factors that can influence NIST and the fulfillment of its mission as the agency looks to create a strategic plan for the coming years. The

NIST Measurement Services: Photometric Calibrations

July 10, 2018
Author(s)
Carl C. Miller, Maria E. Nadal, Benjamin K. Tsai, Yuqin Zong
The National Institute of Standards and Technology provides calibration services for submitted artifacts for luminous intensity, illuminance, color temperature, total luminous flux, luminous exposure and luminance. Additionally, the National Institute of

A Snapshot of 118 Solid State Lighting Testing Laboratories' Capabilities

June 23, 2016
Author(s)
C Cameron Miller, Hannah Hasting, Maria Nadal
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) began to offer proficiency testing for Solid-State Lighting (SSL) products through a Measurement Assurance Program (MAP) in 2010. The MAP program provided proficiency testing complimenting

SOLID-STATE LIGHTING MEASUREMENT ASSURANCE PROGRAM SUMMARY WITH ANALYSIS OF METADATA

March 31, 2016
Author(s)
Carl C. Miller, Yoshihiro Ohno, Maria E. Nadal, Benjamin K. Tsai, Yuqin Zong
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) began to offer proficiency testing for Solid-State Lighting (SSL) products through a Measurement Assurance Program (MAP) in 2010. This article communicates the results of the first version of the

Bidirectional reflectance scale comparison between NIST and PTB

May 1, 2015
Author(s)
Catherine C. Cooksey, Maria E. Nadal, David W. Allen, Kai-Olaf Hauer, Andreas Hoepe
A comparison of bidirectional reflectance scales between the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) has been performed. Measurements of two sets of white diffuse reflectance standards, two

Chapter 10: Color and Appearance

July 8, 2014
Author(s)
Maria E. Nadal, Clarence J. Zarobila
This chapter will cover the topic of color and appearance measurements. These measurements essentially constitute a specific example of the measurements described in previous chapters; except that they are performed in the specific wavelength range sensed

Report of the Key Comparison CCPR-K5 Spectral Diffuse Reflectance

October 2, 2013
Author(s)
Yoshihiro Ohno, Maria E. Nadal, Kenneth L. Eckerle, E. A. Early
This is an official report from Consultative Committee of Photometry and Radiometry (CCPR) on the Key Comparison CCPR-K5 spectral diffuse reflectance, conducted in the framework of CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA). 13 national laboratories

Statistical Methods for Analyzing Color Differences

June 2, 2011
Author(s)
Maria E. Nadal, Carl C. Miller, Hugh Fairman
Multi-valued measurands, such as spectral reflectance or transmission, tristimulus values, are usually analyzed by reducing the data to a single-valued parameter, such as color difference. The variations of sets of color differences are non-normal

Reflectance Factor Measurement Complications Due to Near Infrared Fluorescence

September 1, 2010
Author(s)
Maria E. Nadal, Carl C. Miller, Clarence J. Zarobila
The researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have found that the widely used orange and red color tiles unexpectedly exhibit near infrared fluorescence. An analysis of the effect this fluorescence component has on the

NIST Goniospectrometer for Surface Color Measurements

July 7, 2008
Author(s)
Maria E. Nadal, Gael Obein
The goniospectrometer at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) can measure the spectral reflectance of colored samples over a wide range of illumination and viewing angles. This capability is important for the colorimetric

Reference 0 /45 Colorimeter

May 12, 2008
Author(s)
Maria E. Nadal
The Optical Technology Division at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has developed a new instrument designed to measure the surface color of reflective, non-fluorescent samples at a geometry of 0 illumination angle and 45 viewing

0:45 Surface Color

January 1, 2008
Author(s)
Maria E. Nadal, E A. Early, Robert R. Bousquet
This document, SP250-71 (2007), NIST Measurements Services: 0:45 Surface Color, describes the instrumentation, standards, and techniques used to measure the surface color of reflective, non-fluorescent materials at a 0:45 geometry, that is an irradiance

Development of Surgical Lighting for Enhanced Color Contrast

May 14, 2007
Author(s)
Maritoni A. Litorja, Steven W. Brown, Maria E. Nadal, David W. Allen, Alexander Gorbach
The National Institute of Standards and Technology and the National Institutes of Health have started a collaborative study on the development of lighting that will provide enhanced, specific to various tissues, contrast with respect to its surroundings

NIST Measurement Services: Specular Gloss

May 15, 2006
Author(s)
Maria E. Nadal, E A. Early, E A. Thompson
This document describes the instrumentation, standards, and measurement techniques used at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to measure specular gloss. The organization of this document is as follow. Section 1 describes the

Specular Gloss

January 1, 2006
Author(s)
Maria E. Nadal, E A. Early, E A. Thompson

New NIST Reference Goniospectrometer

August 1, 2005
Author(s)
Gael Obein, Robert R. Bousquet, Maria E. Nadal
Coatings can be classified by either their appearance, such as glitter, or by their function, such as corrosion protection. However, pigments are currently being manufactured with new and unique appearance attributes that can not be characterized by

NIST Reference Colorimeter

May 9, 2005
Author(s)
Maria E. Nadal, Robert R. Bousquet, Gael Obein
The Optical Technology Division at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) developed a reference instrument for measuring the surface color of non-fluorescent samples at the standard measuring geometries of 0 /45 , ~0 /d, and 8 /d with