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5G NR-based D2D research

  • Liu, P. , Shen, C. , Liu, C. , Cintron, F. , Zhang, L. , Cao, L. , Rouil, R. and Roy, S., "5G New Radio Sidelink Link-Level Simulator and Performance Analysis" in The 25th International Conference on Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Wireless and Mobile Systems, Montreal, CA, [Access paper]
  • F.J. Cintrón, D. W. Griffith, C. Liu, R. A. Rouil, Y. Sun, J. Wang, P. Liu, C. Shen, A. Ben Mosbah, S. Gamboa Quintiliani, “Study of 5G New Radio (NR) Support for Direct Mode Communications”, Gaithersburg, MD, USA, May 2021. [Access paper]
  • Z. Ali, S. Lagén, L. Giupponi and R. Rouil, “3GPP NR V2X Mode 2: Overview, Models and System-Level Evaluation,” in IEEE Access, vol. 9, pp. 89554-89579, 2021, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3090855. [Access paper]

LTE-based D2D research


  • J. Wang and R. Rouil, “BLER Performance Evaluation of LTE Device-to-Device Communications,” Gaithersburg, MD, USA, Nov. 2016. [Access paper]
  • D. W. Griffith, F. J. Cintron, and R. A. Rouil, “Physical Sidelink Control Channel (PSCCH) in Mode 2: Performance analysis,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications, 2017. [Access paper]
  • J. Wang and R. Rouil, “Assessing coverage and throughput for D2D communication,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications, 2018, vol. 2018–May. [Access paper]
  • D. Griffith, F. Cintrón, A. Galazka, T. Hall, and R. Rouil, “Modeling and simulation analysis of the physical sidelink shared channel (PSSCH),” in IEEE International Conference on Communications, 2018. [Access paper]
  • F. J. Cintron, “Performance evaluation of LTE device-to-device out-of-coverage communication with frequency hopping resource scheduling,” Gaithersburg, MD, USA, July 2018. [Access paper]
  • J. Wang, R. A. Rouil, and F. J. Cintron, “Distributed Resource Allocation Schemes for Out-of-Coverage D2D Communications,” 2019 IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM), Waikoloa, HI, USA, 2019, pp. 1-7. [Access paper]


  • D. Griffith and F. Lyons, “Optimizing the UE transmission probability for D2D direct discovery,” in 2016 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2016 - Proceedings, 2016. [Access paper]
  • D. W. Griffith, A. Ben Mosbah, and R. A. Rouil, “Group Discovery Time in Device-to-Device (D2D) Proximity Services (ProSe) Networks,” in IEEE Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM 2017), 2017. [Access paper]
  • A. Ben Mosbah, D. Griffith, and R. Rouil, “A novel adaptive transmission algorithm for Device-to-Device Direct Discovery,” in 2017 13th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference, IWCMC 2017, 2017, pp. 177–182. [Access paper]
  • A. Ben Mosbah, D. Griffith, and R. Rouil, “Enhanced transmission algorithm for dynamic device-to-device direct discovery,” in CCNC 2018 - 2018 15th IEEE Annual Consumer Communications and Networking Conference, 2018, vol. 2018–January. [Access paper]
  • D. Griffith and A. Ben Mosbah, “On Upper Bounds for D2D Group Size,” 2019 IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM), Waikoloa, HI, USA, 2019, pp. 1-6. [Access paper]


  • S. Gamboa Quintiliani, F. J. Cintrón, D. W. Griffith, and R. A. Rouil, “Impact of Timing on the Proximity Services (ProSe) Synchronization Function,” in 14th Annual IEEE Consumer Communications & Networking Conference (CCNC 2017), 2017. [Access paper]

  • S. Gamboa, F. J. Cintrón, D. Griffith, and R. Rouil, “Adaptive synchronization reference selection for out-of-coverage proximity services,” in IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, PIMRC, 2018, vol. 2017–October. [Access paper]

UE-based Relay (discovery and communication)

  • S. Gamboa, R. Thanigaivel, and R. Rouil, "System Level Evaluation of UE-to-Network Relays in D2D-Enabled LTE Networks," 2019 IEEE 24th International Workshop on Computer Aided Modeling and Design of Communication Links and Networks (CAMAD), Limassol, Cyprus, 2019, pp. 1-7. [Access paper]
  • S. Gamboa, A. Moreaux, D. Griffith, and R. Rouil, "UE-to-Network Relay Discovery in ProSe-enabled LTE Networks," in proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC), Big Island, HI, USA, 2020. [Access paper]
  • A. Ben Mosbah, S. Gamboa, and R. Rouil, "NIST TN 2144 Evaluation of Timers Related to ProSe-based UE-to-Network Relays", March 2021. [Access paper]
  • A. Moreaux, S. Gamboa, D. Griffith, and R. Rouil, "NIST TN 2149 UE-to-Network Relay Model B Discovery in ProSe-Enabled LTE Networks", April 2021. [Access paper]


  • P. Varin, Y. Sun, and W. Garey, “NISTIR 8236 Test Scenarios for Mission Critical Push-To-Talk (MCPTT) Off-Network Mode Protocols Implementation,” 2018. [Access paper]
  • Y. Sun, W. Garey, R.A. Rouil, and P. Varin, “Access Time Analysis of MCPTT Off-Network Mode over LTE,” Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, Volume 2019, Article ID 2729370, 19 pages. [Access paper]
  • W. Garey, Y. Sun and R. Rouil, "Performance Evaluation of Proximity Services and Wi-Fi for Public Safety Mission Critical Voice Application". [Access paper]


  • R. Rouil, A. Izquierdo, M. Souryal, C. Gentile, D. Griffith, and N. Golmie, “Nationwide safety: Nationwide modeling for broadband network services,” IEEE Veh. Technol. Mag., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 83–91, 2013. [Access paper]
  • D. Griffith, R. Rouil, A. Izquierdo, and N. Golmie, “Measuring the resiliency of cellular base station deployments,” in 2015 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, WCNC 2015, 2015, pp. 1625–1630. [Access paper]
  • R. Rouil, W. Garey, C. Gentile, N. Golmie, and P. Schwinghammer, “Increasing public safety broadband network resiliency through traffic control,” Digit. Commun. Networks, vol. 4, no. 1, 2018. [Access paper]


  • C. Liu, C. Shen, J. Chuang, R. A. Rouil, and H. Choi, "Throughput Analysis between Unicast and MBSFN from Link Level to System Level," 2019 IEEE 90th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2019-Fall), Honolulu, HI, USA, 2019, pp. 1-7. [Access paper]
  • S. Feng, C. Liu, C. Shen, H. -A. Choi, and R. A. Rouil, "An Effective and Efficient Dynamic eMBMS Multicast Grouping Scheduling Algorithm in MBSFNs for Public Safety Scenarios," in IEEE Access, vol. 8, pp. 105701-105712, 2020. [Access paper]
  • C. Liu, C. Shen, J. Chuang, R. A. Rouil, and H. -A. Choi, "Evaluating Unicast and MBSFN in Public Safety Networks," 2020 IEEE 31st Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, London, UK, 2020, pp. 1-7. [Access paper]
  • C. Shen, C. Liu, R. A. Rouil and H. -A. Choi, "Study of Multicast Broadcast Single Frequency Network Area in Multicast Communications," 2020 14th International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication Systems (ICSPCS), Adelaide, SA, Australia, 2020, pp. 1-8. [Access paper]
  • C. Shen, C. Liu, and R.A. Rouil, "A Comprehensive Analysis on Multicast and Unicast Performance and Selection", IEEE Global Communications Conference 2021 (Globecom), Madrid, ES, [Access paper]

Open-Source Simulation Tools

  • R. A. Rouil, F. J. Cintrón, A. Ben Mosbah, and S. Gamboa Quintiliani, “A Long Term Evolution (LTE) device-to-device module for ns-3,” in Workshop on ns-3 (WNS3), 2016.
  • R. Rouil, F. J. Cintrón, A. Ben Mosbah, and S. Gamboa, “Implementation and Validation of an LTE D2D Model for ns-3,” Workshop on ns-3 (WNS3), pp. 55–62, 2017. [Access paper]
  • R. Rouil, C. Liu, and A. Izquierdo, "NISTIR 8247 Guidelines for Generating Public Safety Benchmark Scenario Set", May 2019. [Access paper]
  • E. Black, S. Gamboa Quintiliani, and R. A. Rouil, “NetSimulyzer: a 3D network simulation analyzer for ns-3”, in Workshop on ns-3 (WNS3), pp. 65-72, 2021. [Access paper]
  • W. Garey, T. R. Henderson, Y. Sun, R. Rouil, and S. Gamboa Quintiliani, “Modeling MCPTT and User Behavior in ns-3”, 11th International Conference on Simulation and Modeling Methodologies, Technologies and Applications (SIMULTECH 2021). [Access paper]
  • R. Rouil, A. Izquierdo, C. Liu, and W. Garey, "NIST TN 2186 Modeling Public Safety Communication Scenarios: School Shooting Incident", October 2021. [Access paper]



Wireless Systems Innovation and Performance Group

Created July 12, 2021, Updated April 3, 2023