The Footwear and Tire Subcommittee will focus on standards and guidelines related to the detection, documentation, recovery, examination and comparison of footwear and tire evidence.
Forensic footwear and/or tire examiners undertake the following tasks: documenting, collecting and preserving footwear and tire evidence, and comparing and analyzing footwear or tire impressions. Examiners provide expert opinions regarding source conclusions, determine the manufacturer, make, or model of the source of a questioned impression, compare questioned impressions, make, or model of an item of footwear or tire from an image or video, and write reports and provide testimony.
Michael Gorn, Subcommittee Chair, Federal Bureau of Investigation
Rodney Schenck, Subcommittee Vice Chair, U.S. Department of Defense, Defense Forensic Science Center
Stephen Greene, Subcommittee Executive Secretary, U.S. Customs and Border Protection
Clay Allred, Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco Firearms and Explosives
Sarah E. Bohne, Colorado Springs Police Department
Aurora Dumitra, New York City Police Department Police Laboratory
John Grassel, Rhode Island State Police
Christopher Hamburg, Oregon State Police
Martin Herman, Ph.D., U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology
Jeff Jagmin, Washington State Patrol
David Kanaris, Alaska Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory
Anthony Koertner, Defense Forensic Science Center
Steven Lund, Ph.D., National Institute of Standards and Technology
Mathew J. Marvin, Ron Smith and Associates, Inc.
Troy Mohror, Johnson County Sheriff's Office Criminalistics Laboratory
Heidi Prough, Michigan State Police
Lisa Ragaza, State of Connecticut
Aimee C. Stevens, Illinois State Police Division of Forensic Services
Jacqueline Speir, Ph.D., West Virginia University
Alicia Wilcox, Ph.D., Husson University
See the Research & Development Needs identified by the Footwear and Tire subcommittee.
- Under Development
Chemical enhancement of footwear and tire impressions
Articulation of conclusions in footwear and tire report writing and testimony
Guide to the comparison of footwear impressions
Best practice recommendation for the detection of footwear and tire impression evidence
Best practice recommendation for the field photography documentation of footwear and tire evidence
Standard for examination and documentation of footwear and tire impression evidence
Best practice recommendation for the lifting of footwear and tire impression evidence
Guide for the Casting of Footwear and Tire Impression Evidence at the Crime Scene
- Work Product Sent to SDO
Standard for minimum qualifications and training for a footwear and tire forensic science service provider
Scope of work for a footwear and tire examiner technical report
Guideline for the preparation of test impressions from footwear and tires
Terminology Used for Forensic Footwear and Tire Evidence
Standard for Footwear/Tire Examination Proficiency Testing Program
- SDO Published (the SDO published the document and is posted on the SDO's website)
- None at this time.
- Entered OSAC Registry Approval Process (document is being evaluated for placement on the OSAC Registry)
None at this time.
The Forensic Science Standards Board (FSSB) has provided the opportunity for OSAC Subcommittees to identify baseline documents and reference materials that best reflect the current state of the practice within their respective disciplines.
These documents contain practical information regarding these disciplines that can help forensic scientists, judges, lawyers, researchers, other interested parties and the general public, to better understand the nature, scope, and foundations of the individual disciplines as they are currently practiced.
It is important to note that the identification of these documents in this venue does not represent an endorsement by OSAC or NIST. Only documents that are posted on the OSAC Registries constitute OSAC endorsement. All copyrights for these documents are reserved by their owners. Subcommittee position statements or responses to data collections by the subcommittee represent the consensus opinion of the subcommittee, not necessarily the position of the entire OSAC organization or NIST.
Abbott, John, “Footwear Evidence”, Charles C. Thomas Publishing, 1964.
Bodziak, William, “Footwear Impression Evidence: Detection, Recovery and Examination” (1st Edition), Elsevier Science Publishing Co., 1990.
Bodziak, William, “Footwear Impression Evidence: Detection, Recovery and Examination” (2nd edition) CRC Press, 2000.
Bodziak, William, “Tire Impression and Tire Track Evidence: Recovery and Examination”, CRC Press, February 2008.
Bodziak, William, “Forensic Footwear Evidence” CRC Press, 2017
Cassidy, Michael, “Footwear Identification”, Canadian Government Publishing, 1980.
Deforest, Peter; Gaensslen, Robert; Lee, Henry, “Forensic Science - An Introduction to Criminalistics”, McGraw-Hill, 1983.
Fisher, Barry, “Techniques in Crime Scene Investigation” (6th edition), CRC Press, 2002.
Given, Bruce W; Nehrich; Richard B. and Shields, James C., “Tire Tracks and Tread Marks”, Gulf Publishing Company, Book Division, Houston, Texas, 1977.
Hilderbrand, Dwane, “Footwear, The Missed Evidence”, Staggs Publishing Co., 1999.
Kiely, Terrence, “Forensic Evidence: Science and the Criminal Law”, CRC Press, 2001.
McDonald, Peter, “Tire Imprint Evidence”, CRC Press, Raton, Florida, 1989.
Nause, Lawren, “Forensic Tire Impression Identification”, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 2001.
OSAC Footwear & Tire Tread Subcommittee Update - International Association for Identification (IAI) August 2018
In general, the development of standards and guidelines is transitioning from the Scientific Working Groups (SWGs) to the OSAC. Some SWGs will continue to operate to provide other resources within their discipline. The existing SWG documents will remain in effect until updated documents are disseminated by the OSAC or the SWG. SWGDAM will retain the responsibility for updating the FBI DNA Quality Assurance Standards.
– Forensic Science Standards Board: March 2015