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Publications

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Displaying 1 - 20 of 20

Absolute energies and emission line shapes of the x-ray lines of lanthanide metals

February 1, 2021
Author(s)
Joseph Fowler, Galen O'Neil, Bradley K. Alpert, Douglas Bennett, Edward V. Denison, William Doriese, Gene Hilton, Lawrence T. Hudson, Young I. Joe, Kelsey Morgan, Daniel Schmidt, Daniel Swetz, Csilla I. Szabo-Foster, Joel Ullom
We use an array of transition-edge sensors, cryogenic microcalorimeters with 4 eV energy resolution, to measure the x-ray emission-line profiles of four elements of the lanthanide series: praseodymium, neodymium, terbium, and holmium. The spectrometer also

On Low-Energy Tail Distortions in the Detector Response Function of X-Ray Microcalorimeter Spectrometers

November 21, 2019
Author(s)
Galen C. O'Neil, Paul Szypryt, Endre Takacs, Joseph N. Tan, Sean W. Buechele, Aung Naing, Young I. Joe, Daniel S. Swetz, Daniel R. Schmidt, William B. Doriese, Johnathon D. Gard, Carl D. Reintsema, Joel N. Ullom, John S. Villarrubia, Yuri Ralchenko
We use narrow spectral lines from the X-ray spectra of various highly charged ions to measure low-energy tail-like deviations from a Gaussian response function in a microcalorimeter X-ray spectrometer with Au absorbers at energies from 650 to 3320 eV. We

A Robust Principal Component Analysis for Outlier Identification in Messy Microcalorimeter Data

November 12, 2019
Author(s)
Joseph W. Fowler, Bradley K. Alpert, Young I. Joe, Galen C. O'Neil, Daniel S. Swetz, Joel N. Ullom
A principal component analysis (PCA) of clean microcalorimeter pulse records can be a first step beyond statistically optimal linear filtering of pulses toward a fully nonlinear analysis. For PCA to be practical on spectrometers with hundreds of sensors

Soft X-ray spectroscopy with transition-edge sensors at Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource beamline 10-1

November 5, 2019
Author(s)
Sang-Jun Lee, Charles Titus, Roberto A. Mori, Michael Baker, Douglas Bennett, Hsiao-Mei Cho, William Doriese, Joseph Fowler, Kelly J. Gaffney, Allesandro Gallo, Johnathon Gard, Gene Hilton, Hoyoung Jang, Young I. Joe, Christopher Kenney, Jason Knight, Thomas Kroll, Jun-Sik Lee, Dale Li, Donhui Lu, Ronald Marks, Michael Minitti, Kelsey Morgan, Ogasawara Hirohito, Galen O'Neil, Carl Reintsema, Daniel Schmidt, Dimosthenis Sokaras, Joel Ullom, Tsu-Chien Weng, Christopher Williams, Betty A. Young, Daniel Swetz, Kent D. Irwin, Dennis Nordlund
We present results obtained with a new soft X-ray spectrometer based on transition-edge sensors (TESs) composed of Mo/Cu bilayers coupled to bismuth absorbers. This spectrometer simultaneously provides excellent energy resolution, high detection efficiency

Demonstration of Athena X-IFU Compatible 40-Row Time-Division-Multiplexed Readout

March 19, 2019
Author(s)
Malcolm S. Durkin, Joseph S. Adams, Simon R. Bandler, James A. Chervenak, Saptarshi Chaudhuri, Carl S. Dawson, Edward V. Denison, William B. Doriese, Shannon M. Duff, F. M. Finkbeiner, C. T. FitzGerald, Joseph W. Fowler, Johnathon D. Gard, Gene C. Hilton, Kent D. Irwin, Young I. Joe, R. L. Kelley, Caroline A. Kilbourne, A. R. Miniussi, Kelsey M. Morgan, Galen C. O'Neil, Christine G. Pappas, F. S. Porter, Carl D. Reintsema, David A. Rudman, Kazuhiro Sakai, Stephen J. Smith, Robert W. Stevens, Daniel S. Swetz, Paul Szypryt, Joel N. Ullom, Leila R. Vale, N. Wakeham, Joel C. Weber, B. A. Young
Time-division multiplexing (TDM) is the backup readout technology for the X-ray Integral Field Unit (X-IFU), a 3168-pixel X-ray transition-edge sensor (TES) array that will provide imaging spectroscopy for european space agency's Athena satellite mission

Optimization of Time-and Code-Division-Multiplexed Readout for Athena X-IFU

March 18, 2019
Author(s)
William B. Doriese, Simon R. Bandler, Saptarshi Chaudhuri, Carl S. Dawson, Edward V. Denison, Shannon M. Duff, Malcolm S. Durkin, C. T. FitzGerald, Joseph W. Fowler, Johnathon D. Gard, Gene C. Hilton, Kent D. Irwin, Young I. Joe, Kelsey M. Morgan, Galen C. O'Neil, Christine G. Pappas, Carl D. Reintsema, David A. Rudman, Stephen J. Smith, Robert W. Stevens, Daniel S. Swetz, Paul Szypryt, Joel N. Ullom, Leila R. Vale, Joel C. Weber, B. A. Young
Readout of a large, spacecraft-based array of superconducting transition-edge sensors (TESs) requires careful management of the layout area and power dissipation of the cryogenic-circuit components. We present three optimizations of our time- (TDM) and

A Highly Linear Calibration Metric for TES X-ray Microcalorimeters

August 2, 2018
Author(s)
Christine G. Pappas, Joseph W. Fowler, Douglas A. Bennett, William B. Doriese, Young I. Joe, Kelsey M. Morgan, Galen C. O'Neil, Joel N. Ullom, Daniel S. Swetz
Transition-edge sensor X-ray microcalorimeters are usually calibrated empirically, as the most widely-used calibration metric, optimal filtered pulse height (OFPH), in general has an unknown dependance on photon energy, Eγ. Because the calibration function

A Reassessment of Absolute Energies of X-ray L Lines of Lanthanide Metals

June 28, 2017
Author(s)
Bradley K. Alpert, William B. Doriese, Gene C. Hilton, Lawrence T. Hudson, Young Il Joe, Kelsey M. Morgan, Carl D. Reintsema, Daniel R. Schmidt, Daniel S. Swetz, Csilla I. Szabo-Foster, Joel N. Ullom, Joseph W. Fowler, Galen C. O'Neil, Douglas A. Bennett
We introduce a new technique for determining x-ray fluorescence line energies and widths, and we present measurements made with this technique of 22 x-ray L lines from lanthanide-series elements. The technique uses arrays of transition-edge sensors

A practical superconducting-microcalorimeter X-ray spectrometer for beamline and laboratory science

May 16, 2017
Author(s)
William B. Doriese, Peter Abbamonte, Douglas A. Bennett, Edward V. Denison, Yizhi Fang, Daniel A. Fischer, Colin P. Fitzgerald, Joseph W. Fowler, Johnathon D. Gard, Gene C. Hilton, Cherno Jaye, Jessica L. McChesney, Luis Miaja Avila, Kelsey M. Morgan, Young Il Joe, Galen C. O'Neil, Carl D. Reintsema, Fanny Rodolakis, Daniel R. Schmidt, Hideyuki Tatsuno, Jens Uhlig, Leila R. Vale, Joel N. Ullom, Daniel S. Swetz
We describe a series of microcalorimeter X-ray spectrometers designed for a broad suite of measurement applications. The chief advantage of this type of spectrometer is that it can be orders of magnitude more efficient at collecting X-rays than more

Beating Darwin-Bragg losses in lab-based ultrafast x-ray experiments

March 24, 2017
Author(s)
Wilfred Fullagar, Jens Uhlig, Ujjwal Mandal, Dharma Kurunthu, Amal El Nahhas, Hideyuki Tatsuno, Alireza Honarfar, Fredrik Gustafsson, Villy Sundstrom, Mikko Palosaari, Luis Miaja Avila, Young Il Joe, Daniel S. Swetz, Joel N. Ullom
The use of low temperature thermal detectors for avoiding Darwin-Bragg losses in lab-based ultrafast experiments has begun. An outline of the background of this new development is offered, showing the relevant history and initiative taken by this work.

Ultrafast time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy of ferrioxalate photolysis with a laser plasma x-ray source and microcalorimeter array

February 17, 2017
Author(s)
Galen C. O'Neil, Joel N. Ullom, Luis Miaja Avila, Young Il Joe, Joseph W. Fowler, Carl D. Reintsema, Daniel S. Swetz, Kevin L. Silverman, Daniel R. Schmidt, Bruce D. Ravel, Gene C. Hilton, William B. Doriese, Bradley K. Alpert, Ralph Jimenez
Using a table-top apparatus based upon a laser plasma x-ray source and an array of cryogenic microcalorimeter x-ray detectors, we have measured the transient x-ray absorption spectrum during the ferrioxalate photoreduction reaction. We observe the Fe K

When "Optimal Filtering" Isn't

December 8, 2016
Author(s)
Joseph W. Fowler, Bradley K. Alpert, William B. Doriese, James P. Hays-Wehle, Young Il Joe, Kelsey M. Morgan, Galen C. O'Neil, Joel N. Ullom, Daniel R. Schmidt, Daniel S. Swetz
The so-called ``optimal filter'' analysis of a microcalorimeter's x-ray pulses is statistically optimal only if all pulses have the same shape, regardless of energy. The shapes of pulses from a nonlinear detector can and do depend on the pulse energy

Ultrafast time-resolved hard x-ray emission spectroscopy on a table top

September 27, 2016
Author(s)
Luis Miaja Avila, Galen C. O'Neil, Young Il Joe, Bradley K. Alpert, Niels Damrauer, William B. Doriese, Steven Fatur, Joseph W. Fowler, Gene C. Hilton, Ralph Jimenez, Carl D. Reintsema, Daniel R. Schmidt, Kevin L. Silverman, Daniel S. Swetz, Hideyuki Tatsuno, Joel N. Ullom
Chemical reactions driven by light are fundamental to biology and a source of inspiration for engineering materials to perform tasks such as solar energy harvesting and data storage. Observing and understanding photodynamics requires experimental tools

Code-division-multiplexed readout of large arrays of TES microcalorimeters

September 15, 2016
Author(s)
Kelsey M. Morgan, Bradley K. Alpert, Douglas A. Bennett, William B. Doriese, Joseph W. Fowler, Johnathon D. Gard, Gene C. Hilton, Kent D. Irwin, Young Il Joe, Galen C. O'Neil, Carl D. Reintsema, Edward V. Denison, Daniel R. Schmidt, Joel N. Ullom, Daniel S. Swetz
Code-division multiplexing (CDM) offers a path to reading out large arrays of transition edge sensor (TES) X-ray micro-calorimeters with excellent energy and timing resolution. We demonstrate the readout of X-ray TESs with a 32-channel flux-summed code

Developments in time-division multiplexing of X-ray transition-edge sensors.

December 8, 2015
Author(s)
William B. Doriese, Kelsey M. Morgan, Douglas A. Bennett, Edward V. Denison, Colin P. Fitzgerald, Joseph W. Fowler, Johnathon D. Gard, James P. Hays-Wehle, Gene C. Hilton, Kent D. Irwin, Young Il Joe, John A. Mates, Galen C. O'Neil, Carl D. Reintsema, Nigel O. Robbins, Daniel R. Schmidt, Daniel S. Swetz, Hideyuki Tatsuno, Joel N. Ullom, Leila R. Vale
Time-division multiplexing (TDM) is a mature scheme for the readout of transition-edge sensors. Variants of TDM, which is based on superconducting-quantum-interference-device (SQUID) current amplifiers, have to date been field-deployed in several

Observation of Iron Spin-States using Tabletop X-ray Emission Spectroscopy and Microcalorimeter Sensors

December 2, 2015
Author(s)
Young Il Joe, Galen C. O'Neil, Luis Miaja Avila, Joseph W. Fowler, Kevin L. Silverman, Daniel S. Swetz, Joel N. Ullom, Ralph Jimenez
X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) is a powerful probe of the electronic and chemical state of elemental species embedded within more complex compounds. X-ray sensors that combine high resolving power and high collecting efficiency are desirable for photon

The Practice of Pulse Processing

November 12, 2015
Author(s)
Joseph W. Fowler, Bradley K. Alpert, William B. Doriese, Young Il Joe, Galen C. O'Neil, Joel N. Ullom, Daniel S. Swetz
The analysis of data from x-ray microcalorimeters requires great care; their excellent intrinsic energy resolution cannot usually be achieved in practice without a statistically near-optimal pulse analysis and corrections for important systematic errors

Microcalorimeter Spectroscopy at High Pulse Rates: a Multi-Pulse Fitting Technique

August 24, 2015
Author(s)
Joseph W. Fowler, Bradley K. Alpert, William B. Doriese, Young Il Joe, Galen C. O'Neil, Cherno Jaye, Joel N. Ullom, Daniel A. Fischer, Daniel S. Swetz
Transition edge sensor microcalorimeters can measure x-ray and gamma-ray energies with very high energy resolution and high photon-collection efficiency. For this technology to reach its full potential in future x-ray observatories, each sensor must be

High-resolution X-ray emission spectroscopy with transition-edge sensors: present performance and future potential

May 1, 2015
Author(s)
William B. Doriese, Joseph W. Fowler, Daniel S. Swetz, Cherno Jaye, Daniel A. Fischer, Carl D. Reintsema, Douglas A. Bennett, Leila R. Vale, Gene C. Hilton, Daniel R. Schmidt, Joel N. Ullom, Jens Uhlig, Ujjwal Mandal, Galen C. O'Neil, Luis Miaja Avila, Young Il Joe, wilfrid fullagar, Fredrick P. Gustafsson, Dharma Kurunthu, Villy Sundstrom
X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) is a powerful element-selective tool to analyze the oxidation states of atoms in complex compounds, determine their electronic configuration, and identify unknown compounds in challenging environments. Until now the low