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Publications

Search Publications by Daniel Swetz

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 55

Design of a 3000 pixel transition-edge sensor x-ray spectrometer for microcircuit tomography

August 1, 2021
Author(s)
Paul Szypryt, Douglas Bennett, William J. Boone, Amber L. Dagel, G Dalton, William Doriese, Malcolm Durkin, Joseph Fowler, Edward Garboczi, Jonathon D. Gard, Gene Hilton, Jozsef Imrek, E S. Jimenez, Vincent Y. Kotsubo, K Larson, Zachary H. Levine, John Mates, D McArthur, Kelsey Morgan, Nathan J. Nakamura, Galen O'Neil, Nathan Ortiz, Christine G. Pappas, Carl Reintsema, Dan Schmidt, Daniel Swetz, K R. Thompson, Joel Ullom, C Walker, Joel C. Weber, Abigail Wessels, J W. Wheeler
Feature sizes in integrated circuits have decreased substantially over time, and it has become increasingly difficult to three-dimensionally image these complex circuits after fabrication. This can be important for process development, defect analysis, and

Improved plutonium and americium photon branching ratios from microcalorimeter gamma spectroscopy

May 14, 2021
Author(s)
Dan Becker, M. D. Yoho, K. E. Koehler, Douglas Bennett, M. H. Carpenter, M. P. Croce, J. D. Gard, John Mates, D. J. Mercer, Nathan Ortiz, Dan Schmidt, C. M. Smith, Daniel Swetz, A. D. Tollefson, Joel Ullom, Leila R. Vale, Abigail Wessels, D. T. Vo
Photon branching ratios are critical input data for activities such as nuclear materials protection and accounting because they allow material compositions to be extracted from measurements of gamma-ray intensities. Uncertainties in these branching ratios

Absolute energies and emission line shapes of the x-ray lines of lanthanide metals

February 1, 2021
Author(s)
Joseph Fowler, Galen O'Neil, Bradley K. Alpert, Douglas Bennett, Edward V. Denison, William Doriese, Gene Hilton, Lawrence T. Hudson, Young I. Joe, Kelsey Morgan, Daniel Schmidt, Daniel Swetz, Csilla I. Szabo-Foster, Joel Ullom
We use an array of transition-edge sensors, cryogenic microcalorimeters with 4 eV energy resolution, to measure the x-ray emission-line profiles of four elements of the lanthanide series: praseodymium, neodymium, terbium, and holmium. The spectrometer also

Broadband high-energy resolution hard x-ray spectroscopy using transition edge sensors at SPring-8

January 12, 2021
Author(s)
Shinya Yamada, Yuto Ichinohe, Hideyuki Tatsuno, Ryota Hayakawa, Hirotaka Suda, Takaya Ohashi, Yoshitaka Ishisaki, Tomoya Uruga, Oki Sekizawa, Kiyofumi Nitta, Yoshio Takahashi, Takaaki Itai, Hiroki Suga, Makoto Nagasawa, Masato Tanaka, Minako Kurisu, Tadashi Hashimoto, Douglas Bennett, Edward V. Denison, William Doriese, Malcolm Durkin, Joseph Fowler, Galen O'Neil, Kelsey Morgan, Daniel Schmidt, Daniel Swetz, Joel Ullom, Leila R. Vale, Shinji Okada, Takuma Okumura, Toshiyuki Azuma, Toru Tamagawa, Tadaaki Isobe, Satoshi Kohjiro, Hirofumi Noda, Keigo Tanaka, Akimichi Taguchi, Yuki Imai, Kosuke Sato, Tasuku Hayashi, Teruhiko Kashiwabara, Kohei Sakata
We have succeeded in operating a transition-edge sensor (TES) spectrometer and evaluating its performance at the SPring-8 synchrotron x-ray light source. The TES spectrometer consists of a 240 pixel National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) TES

A Predictive Control Algorithm for Time-Division-Multiplexed Readout of TES Microcalorimeters

January 28, 2020
Author(s)
Malcolm S. Durkin, Galen C. O'Neil, William B. Doriese, Johnathon D. Gard, Gene C. Hilton, Jozsef Imrek, Nathan J. Ortiz, Carl D. Reintsema, Robert W. Stevens, Daniel S. Swetz, Joel N. Ullom
Time division multiplexing (TDM) uses a digital flux-locked loop (DFLL) to linearize each first-stage SQUID amplifier. Presently, the dynamic range of our TDM systems is limited by the use of a proportional-integral controller to maintain the DFLL. In this

A transition-edge sensor-based x-ray spectrometer for the study of highly charged ions at the National Institute of Standards and Technology electron beam ion trap

December 16, 2019
Author(s)
Paul Szypryt, Galen C. O'Neil, Endre Takacs, Joseph N. Tan, Sean W. Buechele, Aung Naing, Douglas A. Bennett, William B. Doriese, Malcolm S. Durkin, Joseph W. Fowler, Johnathon D. Gard, Gene C. Hilton, Kelsey M. Morgan, Carl D. Reintsema, Daniel R. Schmidt, Daniel S. Swetz, Joel N. Ullom, Yuri Ralchenko
We report on the design, commissioning, and initial measurements of a Transition-Edge Sensor (TES) x-ray spectrometer for the Electron Beam Ion Trap (EBIT) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Over the past few decades, the NIST

On Low-Energy Tail Distortions in the Detector Response Function of X-Ray Microcalorimeter Spectrometers

November 21, 2019
Author(s)
Galen C. O'Neil, Paul Szypryt, Endre Takacs, Joseph N. Tan, Sean W. Buechele, Aung Naing, Young I. Joe, Daniel S. Swetz, Daniel R. Schmidt, William B. Doriese, Johnathon D. Gard, Carl D. Reintsema, Joel N. Ullom, John S. Villarrubia, Yuri Ralchenko
We use narrow spectral lines from the X-ray spectra of various highly charged ions to measure low-energy tail-like deviations from a Gaussian response function in a microcalorimeter X-ray spectrometer with Au absorbers at energies from 650 to 3320 eV. We

Crosstalk in microwave SQUID multiplexers

November 15, 2019
Author(s)
John A. Mates, Daniel T. Becker, Douglas A. Bennett, Bradley J. Dober, Johnathon D. Gard, Gene C. Hilton, Daniel S. Swetz, Leila R. Vale, Joel N. Ullom
Low-temperature detector technologies provide extraordinary sensitivity for applications ranging from precision measurements of the cosmic microwave background to high-resolution, high-rate x-ray, and c-ray spectroscopy. To utilize this sensitivity, new

A Robust Principal Component Analysis for Outlier Identification in Messy Microcalorimeter Data

November 12, 2019
Author(s)
Joseph W. Fowler, Bradley K. Alpert, Young I. Joe, Galen C. O'Neil, Daniel S. Swetz, Joel N. Ullom
A principal component analysis (PCA) of clean microcalorimeter pulse records can be a first step beyond statistically optimal linear filtering of pulses toward a fully nonlinear analysis. For PCA to be practical on spectrometers with hundreds of sensors

Expanding the Capability of Microwave Multiplexed Readout for Fast Signals in Microcalorimeters

November 11, 2019
Author(s)
Kelsey M. Morgan, Daniel T. Becker, Douglas A. Bennett, Johnathon D. Gard, Jozsef Imrek, John A. Mates, Christine G. Pappas, Carl D. Reintsema, Daniel R. Schmidt, Joel N. Ullom, Joel C. Weber, Abigail L. Wessels, Daniel S. Swetz
Microwave SQUID multiplexing has become a key technology for reading out large arrays of X-ray and gamma-ray microcalorimeters with mux factors of 100 or more. The desire for fast X-ray pulses that accommodate photon counting rates of hundreds or thousands

Soft X-ray spectroscopy with transition-edge sensors at Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource beamline 10-1

November 5, 2019
Author(s)
Sang-Jun Lee, Charles Titus, Roberto A. Mori, Michael Baker, Douglas Bennett, Hsiao-Mei Cho, William Doriese, Joseph Fowler, Kelly J. Gaffney, Allesandro Gallo, Johnathon Gard, Gene Hilton, Hoyoung Jang, Young I. Joe, Christopher Kenney, Jason Knight, Thomas Kroll, Jun-Sik Lee, Dale Li, Donhui Lu, Ronald Marks, Michael Minitti, Kelsey Morgan, Ogasawara Hirohito, Galen O'Neil, Carl Reintsema, Daniel Schmidt, Dimosthenis Sokaras, Joel Ullom, Tsu-Chien Weng, Christopher Williams, Betty A. Young, Daniel Swetz, Kent D. Irwin, Dennis Nordlund
We present results obtained with a new soft X-ray spectrometer based on transition-edge sensors (TESs) composed of Mo/Cu bilayers coupled to bismuth absorbers. This spectrometer simultaneously provides excellent energy resolution, high detection efficiency

Configurable error correction of code-division multiplexed TES detectors with a cryotron switch

June 10, 2019
Author(s)
Joel C. Weber, Joseph W. Fowler, Malcolm S. Durkin, Kelsey M. Morgan, John A. Mates, Douglas A. Bennett, William B. Doriese, Daniel R. Schmidt, Gene C. Hilton, Daniel S. Swetz, Joel N. Ullom
The development of a superconducting analog to the transistor with extremely low power dissipation will accelerate the proliferation of low-temperature circuitry operating in the milliKelvin regime. The thin-film, magnetically actuated cryotron switch is a

A TES X-ray Spectrometer for NSENSE

March 25, 2019
Author(s)
Christine G. Pappas, Malcolm S. Durkin, Joseph W. Fowler, Kelsey M. Morgan, Joel N. Ullom, William B. Doriese, Gene C. Hilton, Galen C. O'Neil, Daniel R. Schmidt, Paul Szypryt, Daniel S. Swetz
The Non-destructive Statistical Estimation of Nanoscale Structures and Electronics NSENSE instrument for IARPAs Rapid Analysis of Various Emerging Nanoelectronics RAVEN program is a tabletop X-ray tomography prototype designed for three-dimensional imaging

Microwave SQUID multiplexing for the Lynx x-ray microcalorimeter

March 22, 2019
Author(s)
Douglas A. Bennett, John A. Mates, Simon R. Bandler, Daniel T. Becker, Joseph W. Fowler, Johnathon D. Gard, Gene C. Hilton, K D. Irwin, Kelsey M. Morgan, Carl D. Reintsema, Kazuhiro Sakai, Daniel R. Schmidt, Stephen J. Smith, Daniel S. Swetz, Joel N. Ullom, Leila R. Vale, Abigail L. Wessels
The Lynx x-ray microcalorimeter (LXM) is an imaging spectrometer for the Lynx satellite mission, an x-ray telescope being considered by NASA to be a new flagship mission. Lynx will enable unique astrophysical observations into the x-ray universe due to its

Demonstration of Athena X-IFU Compatible 40-Row Time-Division-Multiplexed Readout

March 19, 2019
Author(s)
Malcolm S. Durkin, Joseph S. Adams, Simon R. Bandler, James A. Chervenak, Saptarshi Chaudhuri, Carl S. Dawson, Edward V. Denison, William B. Doriese, Shannon M. Duff, F. M. Finkbeiner, C. T. FitzGerald, Joseph W. Fowler, Johnathon D. Gard, Gene C. Hilton, Kent D. Irwin, Young I. Joe, R. L. Kelley, Caroline A. Kilbourne, A. R. Miniussi, Kelsey M. Morgan, Galen C. O'Neil, Christine G. Pappas, F. S. Porter, Carl D. Reintsema, David A. Rudman, Kazuhiro Sakai, Stephen J. Smith, Robert W. Stevens, Daniel S. Swetz, Paul Szypryt, Joel N. Ullom, Leila R. Vale, N. Wakeham, Joel C. Weber, B. A. Young
Time-division multiplexing (TDM) is the backup readout technology for the X-ray Integral Field Unit (X-IFU), a 3168-pixel X-ray transition-edge sensor (TES) array that will provide imaging spectroscopy for european space agency's Athena satellite mission

Optimization of Time-and Code-Division-Multiplexed Readout for Athena X-IFU

March 18, 2019
Author(s)
William B. Doriese, Simon R. Bandler, Saptarshi Chaudhuri, Carl S. Dawson, Edward V. Denison, Shannon M. Duff, Malcolm S. Durkin, C. T. FitzGerald, Joseph W. Fowler, Johnathon D. Gard, Gene C. Hilton, Kent D. Irwin, Young I. Joe, Kelsey M. Morgan, Galen C. O'Neil, Christine G. Pappas, Carl D. Reintsema, David A. Rudman, Stephen J. Smith, Robert W. Stevens, Daniel S. Swetz, Paul Szypryt, Joel N. Ullom, Leila R. Vale, Joel C. Weber, B. A. Young
Readout of a large, spacecraft-based array of superconducting transition-edge sensors (TESs) requires careful management of the layout area and power dissipation of the cryogenic-circuit components. We present three optimizations of our time- (TDM) and

High-Throughput, DC-Parametric Evaluation of Flux-Activated-Switch-Based TDM and CDM SQUID Multiplexers

March 12, 2019
Author(s)
Carl D. Reintsema, Douglas A. Bennett, Edward V. Denison, Malcolm S. Durkin, William B. Doriese, Joseph W. Fowler, Johnathon D. Gard, Arpi L. Grigorian, Gene C. Hilton, Johannes Hubmayr, Galen C. O'Neil, John A. Mates, Kelsey M. Morgan, Daniel R. Schmidt, Robert W. Stevens, Daniel S. Swetz, Leila R. Vale, Joel N. Ullom, Kent D. Irwin, Saptarshi Chaudhuri, Charles J. Titus, Carl S. Dawson
The successful realization and broad deployment of transition edge sensor (TES)-based detector systems has led to significant demand for time-division and code-division superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) multiplexers time division

Use of Transition Models to Design High Performance TESs for the LCLS-II Soft X-Ray Spectrometer

March 4, 2019
Author(s)
Kelsey M. Morgan, Daniel T. Becker, Douglas A. Bennett, William B. Doriese, Johnathon D. Gard, K D. Irwin, Sang-Jun Lee, Dale Li, John A. Mates, Christine G. Pappas, Daniel R. Schmidt, Charles Titus, Daniel Van Winkle, Joel N. Ullom, Abigail L. Wessels, Daniel S. Swetz
We are designing an array of transition-edge sensor (TES) microcalorimeters for a soft X-ray spectrometer at the Linac Coherent Light Source at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to coincide with upgrades to the free electron laser facility. The complete

A Highly Linear Calibration Metric for TES X-ray Microcalorimeters

August 2, 2018
Author(s)
Christine G. Pappas, Joseph W. Fowler, Douglas A. Bennett, William B. Doriese, Young I. Joe, Kelsey M. Morgan, Galen C. O'Neil, Joel N. Ullom, Daniel S. Swetz
Transition-edge sensor X-ray microcalorimeters are usually calibrated empirically, as the most widely-used calibration metric, optimal filtered pulse height (OFPH), in general has an unknown dependance on photon energy, Eγ. Because the calibration function

A Scalable Readout for Microwave SQUID Multiplexing of Transition-Edge Sensors

July 9, 2018
Author(s)
Johnathon D. Gard, Daniel T. Becker, Douglas A. Bennett, Joseph W. Fowler, Gene C. Hilton, John A. Mates, Carl D. Reintsema, Daniel R. Schmidt, Daniel S. Swetz, Joel N. Ullom
The readout requirements for instruments based on transition-edge sensors (TESs) have dramatically increased over the last decade as demand for systems with larger arrays and faster sensors has grown. Emerging systems are expected to contain many thousands

Resonator Stabilization Architecture to Suppress Switching Transient Crosstalk in I-CDM

May 30, 2018
Author(s)
Malcolm S. Durkin, Joel C. Weber, William B. Doriese, Gene C. Hilton, Daniel S. Swetz, Joel N. Ullom
The ever-increasing sizes of transition-edge sensor (TES) microcalorimeter arrays motivates improved multiplexed readout with large multiplexing factors, low power dissipation, and low levels of crosstalk. Current-summed code division multiplexing (I-CDM)

Approaches to the Optimal Nonlinear Analysis of Microcalorimeter Pulses

March 8, 2018
Author(s)
Joseph W. Fowler, Christine G. Pappas, Bradley K. Alpert, William B. Doriese, Galen C. O'Neil, Joel N. Ullom, Daniel S. Swetz
We consider how to analyze microcalorimeter pulses for quantities that are nonlinear in the data, while preserving the signal-to-noise advantages of linear optimal filtering. We apply the approach to compute the electrothermal feedback energy deficit (the

Dependence of transition width on current and critical current in transition-edge sensors

December 7, 2017
Author(s)
Kelsey M. Morgan, Christine G. Pappas, Douglas A. Bennett, Johnathon D. Gard, James P. Hays-Wehle, Gene C. Hilton, Carl D. Reintsema, Daniel R. Schmidt, Joel N. Ullom, Daniel S. Swetz
If transition-edge sensor (TES) X-ray detectors are to be useful in photon-rich environments,they must maintain high resolving power when pulse durations are engineered to be short, which is usually accomplished by increasing the thermal conductance (G)to

L-Edge Spectroscopy of Dilute, Radiation-Sensitive Systems Using a Transition-Edge-Sensor Array

December 7, 2017
Author(s)
Daniel S. Swetz, William B. Doriese, Joseph W. Fowler, Johnathon D. Gard, Gene C. Hilton, Kelsey M. Morgan, Galen C. O'Neil, Joel N. Ullom
We present X-ray absorption spectroscopy and resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) measurements on the iron L-edge of 0.5 mM aqueous ferricyanide. These measurements demonstrate the ability of high-throughput transition- edge-sensor (TES)