Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

L2M Target Areas

Regulatory and Administrative Improvements

  • Technology transfer legislation was written in the 1980s and needs to be updated for the 21st century.
  • Inconsistent interpretations of law, regulation, practices, and policies beyond the scope of agencies’ mission-specific differences.
  • Inconsistent definition of technology transfer and stakeholder engagement across organizations, and inflexibility in adapting current tools to marketplaces.
  • Partnerships not entered into due to unnecessary restrictions in policy, regulation, or statute.
  • Leadership, management, or cultural impediments that hinder adoption of best practices.

Private Sector Engagement

  • The private sector is a critical player in driving investment, but it can be challenging for them to engage with the Federal government.
  • Improved understanding of how federally-funded technologies, knowledge, and capabilities can be made more attractive for private investment, particularly angel and venture capital.
  • Improved systems usability so the private sector can find federally-funded technologies and key information (e.g. development stage, IP status) in their area of interest.
  • Earlier stakeholder engagement along with market-needs analysis for proposed technologies.
  • Increased stakeholder education of how federally-developed technologies and innovations are currently embedded and being used in technologies. 

Entrepreneurial R&D Workforce

  • The R&D workforce, including researchers and managers, lacks exposure and knowledge about and incentive to take the steps required in translating research from the lab to the marketplace.
  • Conflict-of-Interest or other policies, culture, and processes that inadvertently discourage entrepreneurship or make it difficult to recruit and retain entrepreneurial employees.
  • Attitude and resulting culture created by some R&D leaders that the government should not be involved in the commercialization of technology.

Tech Transfer Tools and Services

  • Lack of awareness of tech transfer opportunities by the public.
  • Private sector doesn’t know what is available nor that they have access to it.
  • Correspondingly, agency/lab leadership have limited understanding the value of T2 to the mission.
  • Complicated bureaucracy for citizens to navigate in order to engage in tech transfer:
  • User experience to find technologies varies greatly by agency and even lab.
  • Great diversity in approach for transfer process, agreements (terms & conditions), time frame, etc.
  • Uncoordinated management and/or lack of tech transfer tools, services, and supporting infrastructure among Federal agencies. Resulting in:
  • Too many duplicative tools and services that exasperate the user’s experience.
  • Each set of tools & services only reflect a given agency and/or lab’s assets.
  • Suboptimal use of resources and best practices in ‘back shop’ operations and management.
  • Want to automate & standardize operations such that T2 SMEs can spend more time on engagement inside and outside Lab

S&T Trends and Benchmarks

  • Increased need to demonstrate value of federal research investments to the Nation.
  • Identifying metrics that take into account the variety of Agency missions and disciplines.
  • Shifting the focus from technology transfer activities to impacts and mission-related outcomes.
  • Balancing reporting burdens with measurement needs.
Created December 9, 2019