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Publications

Search Publications by

Richard Gann (Assoc)

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Displaying 1 - 16 of 16

Toxic Potency Values for Smoke from Products and Materials

October 12, 2021
Author(s)
J L. Neviaser, Richard Gann
Many devices have been used to generate data on the toxic potency of smoke from burning products and materials. This paper critically reviews those apparatus and sorts them by the combustion conditions (related to a type of fire) producing the smoke, the

Estimating the Impact of 16 CFR Part 1633 on Bed Fire Outcomes

November 18, 2020
Author(s)
Stanley W. Gilbert, David Butry, Rick D. Davis, Richard Gann
Effective July 1, 2007, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission promulgated a standard to severely reduce the heat release rate and the early heat output from mattresses and foundations when ignited by a flaming ignition source. This study estimates

The Roles of Standard Cigarettes in Assuring the Ignition Resistance of Soft Furnishings

November 18, 2020
Author(s)
Richard G. Gann, Ickchan Kim, Steven P. Lund, William F. Guthrie, Rick D. Davis
Regulations for cigarette ignition resistance (CIR) of soft furnishings (beds and upholstered furniture) and less fire-prone cigarettes have contributed substantially to the decrease in losses from cigarette-initiated fires over time. Two Standard

Estimating the Impact of 16 CFR Part 1633 on Bed Fire Outcomes

April 28, 2020
Author(s)
Stanley W. Gilbert, David T. Butry, Richard G. Gann, Rick D. Davis
Effective July 1, 2007, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission promulgated a Standard that would severely reduce the heat release rate and the early heat output from mattresses and foundations that had been ignited by a flaming ignition source

Flame Retardants: An Overview

February 19, 2017
Author(s)
Richard Gann, Jeffrey W. Gilman
Flame retardant additives are ubiquitous in commercial products. They reduce fire losses by decreasing the likelihood of ignition and the rate of heat release of the products in which they are compounded. This article outlines the definition, applications

Reducing the Risk of Fire in Buildings and Communities

January 1, 2014
Author(s)
Anthony Hamins, Jason D. Averill, Nelson P. Bryner, David Butry, Richard Gann, Rick D. Davis, Daniel M. Madrzykowski, Alexander Maranghides, Jiann C. Yang, Matthew Bundy, Samuel Manzello, Jeffrey W. Gilman, Francine K. Amon, William E. Mell
Fire costs and losses are a significant life safety and economic burden on society comprising about two percent of the United States gross domestic product. This paper presents the results of a roadmap developed by the National Institute of Standards and

Improving Survivability in Motor Vehicle Fires

September 5, 2007
Author(s)
Ken H. Digges, Richard Gann, Steve J. Grayson, Marcelo M. Hirschler, Richard E. Lyon, David A. Purser, Jim G. Quintiere, Rody R. Stephenson, Archie Tewarson
Automobile fires are consistently among the largest causes of fire deaths in the United States and the U.S. motor vehicle industry has spent $14 million over the last ten years studying this problem. The authors of this review have analyzed the auto

Methodology for Obtaining and Using Toxic Potency Data for Fire Hazard Analysis

January 1, 1998
Author(s)
Vyto Babrauskas, Richard Gann, Barbara C. Levin, M Paabo, Richard H. Harris Jr., Richard Peacock, S Yusa
A comprehensive methodology has been developed for obtaining and using smoke toxicity data for fire hazard analysis. This description of the methodology comprises (1) determination that the post-flashover fire is the proper focus of smoke inhalation deaths

Measurement of Toxic Potency for Fire Hazard Analysis

May 18, 1992
Author(s)
Vyto Babrauskas, Barbara C. Levin, Richard Gann, M Paabo, Richard H. Harris Jr., Richard Peacock, S Yusa
This study is the principle product of a research program to provide a technically sound methodology for obtaining and using smoke toxicity data for hazard analysis. It establishes: (a) an improved bench-scale toxic potency measurement, one which

Role of Bench-Scale Test Data in Assessing Real-Scale Fire Toxicity (NIST TN 1284)

January 1, 1991
Author(s)
Vyto Babrauskas, Richard H. Harris Jr., E Braun, Barbara C. Levin, M Paabo, Richard Gann
The need was seen for establishing a methodology by which bench-scale fire toxicity methods could be validated against real-scale room fires. The present study is the result of a pilot project in this area. Appropriate validation hypotheses have been put

Fire Hazard Comparison of Fire-Retarded and Non-Fire-Retarded Products (NBS SP 749)

July 1, 1988
Author(s)
Vyto Babrauskas, Richard H. Harris Jr., Richard Gann, Barbara C. Levin, B T. Lee, Richard Peacock, M Paabo, W H. Twilley, M F. Yoklavich, H M. Clark
A test program was conducted for the Fire Retardant Chemicals Association to quantify the effects of fire retardant chemicals on total fire hazard. Five different types of products, each made from a different type of plastic were used. The products were