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Environmental Concerns of Fires: Facts, Figures, Questions and New Challenges for the Future



G Marlair, M Simonson, Richard Gann


The effect of fires on the environment has been increasingly in the public eye since the chemical warehouse accident in the Sandoz facility in Schweizerhalle in November 1986. This paper presents a discussion of this accident together with a representative sample of other environmentally important case studies related to fires. Modes of interaction with the environment and potential transfer mechanisms are discussed. The impact of fire effluents in both the short and long terms and activities on the quantification of the environmental effect of fires are also presented. Some of the current environmental debates that are interacting with fire safety protection are also discussed, outlining challenging remaining issues. Finally, an insight into international action in response to these incidents and standardisation activities is presented.
To Be Determined


emissions, environment, fire, organic pollutants


Marlair, G. , Simonson, M. and Gann, R. (2004), Environmental Concerns of Fires: Facts, Figures, Questions and New Challenges for the Future, To Be Determined, [online], (Accessed May 27, 2024)


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Created July 6, 2004, Updated October 12, 2021