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Search Publications by Samuel Manzello

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 194

Firebrands generated in Shurijo Castle Fire on October 30th, 2019

September 14, 2021
Samuel Manzello, Sayaka Suzuki
A fire started in Shurijo Seiden, or the main hall of Shurijo Castle, Naha-city, Okinawa, Japan on the morning of October 30th, 2019. The fire resulted in loss of 8 structures and many important Okinawan cultural assets. The original Shurijo Castle was

Investigating Firebrand Deposition Processes in Large Outdoor Fires

May 27, 2021
sayaka suzuki, Samuel Manzello
Devastating large outdoor fires have been responsible for destruction of vast amounts of infrastructure and loss of human life. Wildland fires that spread into urban areas, known as wildland-urban interface (WUI) fires, are capable of enormous destruction

The Combustion of Noble-Fir Trees in the Presence of an Applied Wind Field

May 27, 2021
Samuel Manzello, sayaka suzuki
Wildland fires that spread into urban areas, termed wildland-urban interface (WUI) fires, are becoming more and more common across multiple locations of the world. An important component in rapid spread of large outdoor fires is the production or

Investigating Soot Generated from Engineered Building Materials

November 27, 2020
Samuel L. Manzello, Sayaka Suzuki
Large outdoor fires are of concern all over the world. While fire spread processes are noted for their immediate destruction and loss of life, the generation of particulate matter from the combustion of both vegetative and structural fuels in the event of

Large Outdoor Fires and the Built Environment (LOF&BE): Summary of Virtual Workshop

November 4, 2020
Samuel L. Manzello, Sayaka Suzuki, Sara McAllister, Brian Lattimer, Daniel Gorham, Alexander Filkov, Maria Theodori, Xinyan Huang
Two virtual workshops of the permanent working group, sponsored by the International Association for Fire Safety Science (IAFSS), entitled Large Outdoor Fires and the Built Environment (LOF&BE), were held this past August (2020). The first session was held

Role of Accumulation for Ignition of Fuel Beds by Firebrands

July 10, 2020
Samuel L. Manzello, Sayaka Suzuki
Large outdoor fires are one of the prominent fire problems in the world. Spot fires, caused by firebrands, are known as a key mechanism of rapid fire spread. Firebrands ignite unburned fuels far ahead of fire front. In large outdoor fires, firebrands are

Influence of Board Spacing on Mitigating Wood Decking Assembly Ignition

November 17, 2019
Samuel L. Manzello, Sayaka Suzuki
As part of recent building code change discussions, it has been suggested that by increasing the spacing of boards, it may be possible to mitigate ignition of wood decking assemblies from wind-driven firebrand showers. An experimental series was undertaken

Role of Firebrand Combustion in Large Outdoor Fire Spread

October 4, 2019
Samuel L. Manzello, Sayaka Suzuki, Michael Gollner, A C. Fernandez-Pello
Large outdoor fires are an increasing danger to the built environment. Wildfires that spread into com- munities, labeled as Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) fires, are an example of large outdoor fires. Other examples of large outdoor fires are urban fires