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Firebrands generated in Shurijo Castle Fire on October 30th, 2019



Samuel Manzello, Sayaka Suzuki


A fire started in Shurijo Seiden, or the main hall of Shurijo Castle, Naha-city, Okinawa, Japan on the morning of October 30th, 2019. The fire resulted in loss of 8 structures and many important Okinawan cultural assets. The original Shurijo Castle was destroyed many years ago and a replica was constructed and rebuilt to be as close as possible to the original building. The replica was fabricated mainly from wood (Chamaecyparis taiwanensis). Firebrands were reported during the fire. In this study, firebrands from Shurijo Castle was collected and analyzed. The data was compared with those from other investigation as well as experimental data.
Fire Technology


Firebrands, Cultural Heritage, Investigation


Manzello, S. and Suzuki, S. (2021), Firebrands generated in Shurijo Castle Fire on October 30th, 2019, Fire Technology, [online],, (Accessed June 15, 2024)


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Created September 14, 2021, Updated October 14, 2021