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Publications

Search Publications by Miral Dizdaroglu

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 111

Inhibition by Tetrahydroquinoline Sulfonamide Derivatives of the Activity of Human 8-Oxoguanine DNA Glycosylase (OGG1) for Several Products of Oxidatively-induced DNA Base Lesions

December 17, 2021
Author(s)
Miral M. Dizdar, Melis Kant, Pawel Jaruga, Erdem Coskun, Yu-Ki Tahara, R. S. Lloyd, Eric T. Kool
DNA glycosylases involved in the first step of the base excision repair pathway of DNA repair are promising targets in cancer therapy. There is evidence that reduction of their activities may enhance cell killing in malignant tumors. Recently, two

DNA glycosylase deficiency leads to decreased severity of lupus in the Polb-Y265C mouse model

June 24, 2021
Author(s)
Sesha Paluri, Matthew Burak, Alireza Senenjani, Kelly Carufe, Kaylin Clairmont, Isabel Alvarado-Cruz, Rithy Meas, Michael Kashgarian, Caroline Zeiss, Stephen Maher, Alfred Bothwell, Erdem Coskun, Melis Kant, Pawel Jaruga, Miral M. Dizdar, R S. Lloyd, Joann B. Sweasy
The Polb gene encodes DNA polymerase beta (Pol β), a DNA polymerase that functions in base excision repair (BER) and microhomology-mediated end-joining. The Pol β-Y265C protein exhibits low catalytic activity and fidelity, and is also deficient in

Hydroxyl radical is a significant player in oxidative DNA damage in vivo.

June 15, 2021
Author(s)
Miral M. Dizdar, Barry Halliwell, Amitav Adhikary, Michael Dingfelder
Recent publications have suggested that oxidative DNA damage mediated by hydroxyl radical (.OH) is unimportant in vivo, and that carbonate anion radical (CO3.-) plays the key role. We examine these claims and summarize the evidence that OH does play a key

Chapter 4: Oxidatively induced DNA damage: Mechanisms and measurement

November 20, 2020
Author(s)
Miral M. Dizdar, Erdem Coskun, Gamze Tuna, Melis Kant, Pawel Jaruga
Oxidatively induced damage to DNA occurs in living organisms by endogenously or exogenously generated reactive species including free radicals. Mounting evidence suggests that this type of DNA damage plays an important role in the etiology of numerous

Ion-beam radiation damage to DNA by investigation of free radical formation and base damage

March 1, 2020
Author(s)
Melis Kant, Pawel Jaruga, Erdem Coskun, Samuel Ward, Alexander Stark, David Becker, Amitav Adhikary, Michael Sevilla, Miral M. Dizdar
This work investigated the physicochemical processes and DNA base products involved in Ne-22 ion- beam (ca. 1.4 GeV) radiation damage to hydrated (12 waters/nucleotide) highly polymerized salmon sperm DNA. For this purpose, approximately 12 small (ca. 10

Measurement of PARP1 in human tissues by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry

March 1, 2020
Author(s)
Erdem Coskun, Gamze Tuna, Pawel Jaruga, Alessandro Tona, Onur Erdem, Miral M. Dizdar
Poly(ADP ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) is a multifunctional DNA repair protein of the base excision repair pathway and plays a major role in the repair of DNA strand breaks and in replication and transcriptional regulation among other functions. Mounting

Implications of DNA Damage and DNA Repair on Human Diseases

January 10, 2020
Author(s)
Bryant C. Nelson, M Miral Dizdar
Cellular DNA damage is implicated in the etiology and progression of many different types of human disorders and diseases. Much of the current research in the DNA damage field is devoted towards understanding the mechanisms and biological implications of

Recognition of DNA adducts by edited and unedited forms of DNA glycosylase NEIL1

November 2, 2019
Author(s)
Irina G. Minko, Vladimir Vartanian, Naoto Tozaki, Erdem Coskun, Sanem Hosbas Coskun, Pawel Jaruga, J Yeo, M.P. Stone, M Egli, Miral M. Dizdar, Amanda K. McCullough, R S. Lloyd
Pre-mRNA encoding human NEIL1 undergoes editing by adenosine deaminase ADAR1 that converts a single adenosine to inosine, and this conversion results in an amino acid change of lysine 242 to arginine. Previous investigations of the catalytic efficiencies

Measurement of Oxidatively Induced DNA Damage in Caenorhabditis elegans with High-Salt DNA Extraction and Isotope-Dilution Mass Spectrometry

August 27, 2019
Author(s)
Leona D. Scanlan, Pawel Jaruga, Sanem Hosbas Coskun, Christopher Sims, Shannon Hanna, Jamie L. Almeida, David N. Catoe, Bryant C. Nelson, Miral M. Dizdar, Erdem Coskun
Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) is used as a medical and systems toxicity model organism for environmental and developmental assays that include high-throughput methods and genetic studies. However, little is known about background levels of

Characterization of Rare NEIL1 Variants Found in East Asian Populations

May 3, 2019
Author(s)
Irina G. Minko, Vladimir Vartanian, Naoto Tozaki, Oskar Linde, Pawel Jaruga, Sanem Hosbas Coskun, Erdem Coskun, Chunfeng Qu, Huan He, Taoyang Chen, Qianqian Song, Yuchen Jiao, Michael Stone, Martin Egli, Miral M. Dizdar, Amanda K. McCullough, R S. Lloyd
The combination of chronic dietary exposure to the fungal toxin, aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), and hepatitis B viral (HBV) infection is associated with an increased risk for early onset hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). An in-depth knowledge of the mechanisms

Identification and quantification of DNA repair protein poly(ADP ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) in human tissues and cultured cells by liquid chromatography/isotope-dilution tandem mass spectrometry

March 1, 2019
Author(s)
Erdem Coskun, Gamze Tuna, Pawel Jaruga, Alessandro Tona, Onur Erdem, M Miral Dizdar
Poly(ADP ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) is a multifunctional DNA repair protein of the base excision repair pathway and plays a major role in the repair of DNA strand breaks and in replication and transcriptional regulation among other functions. Mounting

Aflatoxin-guanine DNA Adducts and Oxidatively-induced DNA Damage in Aflatoxin-treated Mice in vivo as Measured by Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry with Isotope-dilution

December 11, 2018
Author(s)
Erdem Coskun, Pawel Jaruga, Vladimir Vartanian, Onur Erdem, Patricia Egner, John D. Groopman, R. S. Lloyd, Miral M. Dizdar
Dietary exposure to aflatoxin (AFB1) is a significant reason for the incidence of hepatocellular carcinomas globally. AFB1-exposure leads to the formation of AFB1-N7-guanine (AFB1-N7-Gua) and two diastereomers of 8,9-dihydro-8-(2,6-diamino-4-oxo-3,4

Oxidatively-induced DNA damage and base excision repair in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder

May 1, 2018
Author(s)
Deniz Ceylan, Gamze Tuna, Guldal Kirkali, Zeliha Tunca, Gunes Can, Hidayet E. Arat, Melis Kant, Miral M. Dizdar, Aysegul Ozerdem
Oxidatively-induced DNA damage has previously been associated with bipolar disorder. More recently, impairments in DNA repair mechanisms have also been reported. We aimed to investigate oxidatively-induced DNA lesions and expression of DNA glycosylases

Small molecule inhibitors of DNA glycosylases as potential drugs in cancer therapy

August 31, 2017
Author(s)
M Miral Dizdar, Aaron C. Jacobs, Nathan Donley, Marcus J. Calkins, Ajit Jadhav, Dorjbal Dorjsuren, David Maloney, Anton Simeonov, Pawel Jaruga, Erdem Coskun, Amanda K. McCullough, R. S. Lloyd
Statement of the Problem: Most chemotherapeutic agents kill cancer cells by damaging DNA. Cancer cells overexpress DNA repair proteins and thus increase DNA repair capacity that can cause resistance to therapy by removing DNA lesions before they become

Enhancing the Efficacy of Cancer Therapy: Use of Small Molecule Inhibitors of DNA Glycosylases as Potential Drugs

March 12, 2017
Author(s)
Erdem Coskun, Aaron C. Jacobs, Nathan Donley, Marcus J. Calkins, Dorjbal Dorjsuren, David Maloney, Anton Simeonov, Pawel Jaruga, Amanda K. McCullough, M Miral Dizdar, R. S. Lloyd
Chemotherapy aims to destroy cancer cells by damaging their DNA. However, the overexpression of DNA repair proteins in cancer cells causes the removal of DNA lesions before they become toxic and thus leads to an increased DNA repair capacity resulting in

Repair of Oxidatively Induced DNA Damage by DNA Glycosylases

February 16, 2017
Author(s)
M Miral Dizdar, Erdem Coskun, Pawel Jaruga
Endogenous and exogenous reactive species cause oxidatively induced DNA damage in living organisms by a variety of mechanisms. As a result, a plethora of mutagenic and/or cytotoxic products are formed in cellular DNA. This type of DNA damage is repaired by

Oxidatively Induced DNA Damage and Its Repair

December 30, 2016
Author(s)
M Miral Dizdar
Endogenous and exogenous reactive species react with DNA in living organisms by numerous mechanisms and cause oxidatively induced DNA damage with multiple lesions. If not repaired, DNA lesions can cause genetic instability, leading to mutagenesis and cell

Enhanced Sensitivity of Neil1-/- Mice to Chronic UVB Exposure

December 1, 2016
Author(s)
M Miral Dizdar, Marcus J. Calkins, Vladimir Vartanian, Guldal Kirkali, Amanda K. McCullough, R. S. Lloyd, Pawel Jaruga
DNA base damage induced by oxidative stress and reactive oxygen species (ROS) are thought to be central mediators of ultraviolet light (UV)-induced carcinogenesis and skin aging. However, increased steady-state levels of ROS-induced DNA base damage have

Enhanced Sensitivity of Neil1-/- Mice to Chronic UVB Exposure

October 28, 2016
Author(s)
Pawel Jaruga, M Miral Dizdar, Marcus J. Calkins, Vladimir Vartanian, Amanda McCullough, R. S. Lloyd, Guldal Kirkali
Oxidative stress and oxidatively induced DNA base damage are central mediators of UV-induced carcinogenesis and skin aging. However, increased steady-state levels of oxidatively induced DNA base damage have not been reported after chronic UV exposure

Elevated urinary levels of 8-hydroxy-2’-deoxyguanosine, (5’R)- and (5’S)-8,5’-cyclo-2’- deoxyadenosines, and 8-iso-prostaglandin F2? as potential biomarkers of oxidative stress in patients with prediabetes

September 26, 2016
Author(s)
M Miral Dizdar, Melis Kant, Merve Akis, Mehmet Calan, Tugba Arkan, Firat Bayraktar, Huray Islekel
Prediabetes is the preclinical stage of type 2 diabetes mellitus with intermediate state of hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia results in a state of oxidative stress and that reactive oxygen species contribute to the production of insulin resistance, β-cell

Inhibition of DNA glycosylases in development of cancer therapeutics

September 4, 2016
Author(s)
M Miral Dizdar, Pawel Jaruga, Erdem Coskun, Marcus J. Calkins, Nathan Donley, Dorjbal Dorjsuren, Anton Simeonov, Amanda K. McCullough, R S. Lloyd, Ajit Jadhav
In cancer therapy, the efficacy of therapeutic agents may be influenced by increased DNA repair capacity. This may be due to overexpression of DNA repair proteins that repair therapy-induced DNA lesions in tumors before they become toxic. Inhibition of DNA