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Displaying 26 - 50 of 3841

Assessment of the reason for the vitrification of a wall at a hillfort. The example of Broborg in Sweden

May 9, 2022
Rolf Sjoblom, Eva Hjarthner-Holdar, Carolyn Pearce, Jamie Weaver, Erik Ogenhall, John McCloy, Jose Marcial, Edward Vicenzi, Michael Schweiger, Albert Kruger
It was discovered around 250 years ago that some of the rock material in the walls of some hillforts had been subjected to such high temperature that it had vitrified. This prompted a debate as to the reason for it that is still going on today: did the

Models for an Ultraviolet-C Research and Development Consortium

March 25, 2022
Dianne L. Poster, C Cameron Miller, Yaw S. Obeng, John J. Kasianowicz, Michael T. Postek, Norman Horn, Troy Cowan, Richard Martinello
The development of an international, precompetitive, collaborative, ultraviolet (UV) research consortium is discussed as an opportunity to lay the groundwork for a new UV commercial industry and the supply chain to support this industry. History has

Bioinspired Wear-Resistant and Ultra-Durable Functional Gradient Coatings

January 28, 2022
Zhengzhi Wang, Kun Wang, Houbing Huang, Xiao Cui, Zuoqi Zhang, Martin Chiang
For mechanically protective coatings, the coating material usually requires sufficient stiffness and strength to resist external forces and meanwhile matched mechanical properties with the underneath substrate to maintain the structural integrity. These

Evaluation of Indoor Environmental Concentrations in Buildings with Conditioned and Unconditioned Zones (IECCU) model for predicting TCPP concentrations in a low-energy test house

January 18, 2022
Dustin Poppendieck, Lisa Ng, Stephen Zimmerman
Globally over 100,000 different chemicals are manufactured every year (Levi et al. 2018). It is impossible to measure the fate of all of these chemicals in the wide range of indoor environments. The Indoor Environmental Concentrations in Buildings with

NIST Outdoor Structure Separation Experiments (NOSSE): Preliminary Test Plan

January 10, 2022
Alexander Maranghides, Shonali Nazare, Eric Link, Matthew Bundy, Artur A. Chernovsky, Erik L. Johnsson, Kathryn Butler, Steven Hawks, Frank Bigelow, William (Ruddy) Mell, Anthony Bova, Derek McNamara, Tom MIlac, Daniel Gorham, Faraz Hedayati, Bob Raymer, Frank Frievalt, William Walton
The Structure Separation Project is a multi-level project to assess structure-to-structure fire spread in Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) communities. The project is divided into three phases with each phase assessing radiant and convective heat exposures

Low-GWP Alternative Refrigerant Blends for HFC-134a: Interim Report

October 13, 2021
Piotr A. Domanski, Mark O. McLinden, Valeri I. Babushok, Ian Bell, Tara Fortin, Michael Hegetschweiler, Mark A. Kedzierski, Dennis Kim, Lingnan Lin, Gregory T. Linteris, Stephanie L. Outcalt, Richard A. Perkins, Aaron Rowane, Harrison M. Skye
This project addresses the objectives of the Statement of Need number WPSON-17-20 "No/Low Global Warming Potential Alternatives to Ozone Depleting Refrigerants." Its goal is to identify and demonstrate performance of low global-warming-potential (GWP), non

A Continuum-Atomistic Simulation of Heat Transfer in Micro- and Nano-Flows

October 12, 2021
J Liu, S Chen, Xiaobo Nie, M O. Robbins
We develop a hybrid atomistic-continuum scheme for simulating micro- and nano- flows with heat transfer. The approach is based on spatial ''domain decomposition'' in which molecular dynamics (MD) is used in regions where atomistic details are important

A New Reactive Molecular Dynamics Model Of Polymer Pyrolysis

October 12, 2021
Stanislav Stoliarov, Kenneth D. Smith, P R. Westmoreland, Richard E. Lyon, Marc R. Nyden
In this paper, we report progress that has been made in the development of an extension of classical force-field-based molecular dynamics (MD) to the simulation of chemical reactions. We review several studies of polymer pyrolysis that were performed using

Computations of Particle Surface Characteristics Using Optical and X-Ray CT Images

October 12, 2021
E Masad, S Saadeh, T Al-Rousan, Edward Garboczi, D Little
The description of particle surface characteristics is of interest in many disciplines in science and engineering such as powder technology, geology, soil science, and infrastructure materials. Consequently, there is a need to develop methods to quantify

Consistent Estimation of Poisson Intensity in the Presence of Dead Time

October 12, 2021
S X. He, Grace L. Yang, K T. fang, J F. Widmann
Phase Doppler Interferometry (PDI) is a non-intrusive technique frequently used to obtain information about spray characteristics. Understanding spray characteristics is of critical importance in many areas of science, including liquid fuel spray

Detection of Smoke From Microgravity Fires

October 12, 2021
D L. Urban, DeVon Griffin, Gary Ruff, Thomas Cleary, Jiann C. Yang, George W. Mulholland, Zeng-guang Yuan
The history and current status of spacecraft smoke detection is discussed including a review of the state of understanding of the effect of gravity on the resultant smoke particle size. The results from a spacecraft experiment (Comparative Soot Diagnostics

Development and Interpretation of the Security Rating Index

October 12, 2021
Jonathan Sylvie, Stephen R. Thomas, Sang-Hoon Lee, Robert E. Chapman
This article is a follow-on publication to Addressing Security in the Early Stages of the Project Life Cycle. It details the development and interpretation of the Security Rating Index (SRI), which provides a means of quantitatively assessing the level of

Effects of Aspect Ratio of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube on Flammability Properties of Polymer Nanocomposites

October 12, 2021
Bani Cipiriano, Takashi Kashiwagi, Srinivasa R. Raghavan, Ying Yang, E A. Grulke, Kazuya Yamammoto, John R. Shields, Jack F. Douglas
The effects of the aspect ratio of multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWNT) on viscoelastic properties and flammability properties of PS/MWNT nanocomposites are studied with two different MWNTs having average aspect ratios of 49 and 150. While no significant

Energy-Based Design Approach for Seismic Design: Energy Spectra

October 12, 2021
P Khashaee, B Mohraz, Fahim H. Sadek, Hai S. Lew, John L. Gross
Among the approaches that the Structural Engineers Association of California has recommended for performance based seismic design is the energy approach. In this approach, the earthquake input energy transmitted to the structure is estimated from ground
Displaying 26 - 50 of 3841