Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Research on Estimating Peak Water Demands and Measuring Pressure Losses in Premise Plumbing Systems

Published

Author(s)

Steven Buchberger, Tao Li, Toritseju Omaghomi, Gary Klein, William M. Healy

Abstract

A protocol is described for conducting a survey to monitor instantaneous peak water use in non-residential buildings using a new wireless sensor network technology. The protocol enables compilation of a nationally representative water use database from which key parameters can be extracted and then applied to calibrate the Water Demand Calculator for predicting instantaneous peak water demand in non-residential buildings. In addition, the report summarizes a conceptual plan for a laboratory facility for conducting experiments to determine flow pressure loss across fittings and other hydraulic appurtenances commonly found in modern premise plumbing systems.
Citation
Grant/Contract Reports (NISTGCR) - 22-036
Report Number
22-036

Keywords

Commercial Buildings, Peak Water Demand, Pressure Loss, Wireless Sensor, Water Demand Calculator.

Citation

Buchberger, S. , Li, T. , Omaghomi, T. , Klein, G. and Healy, W. (2022), Research on Estimating Peak Water Demands and Measuring Pressure Losses in Premise Plumbing Systems, Grant/Contract Reports (NISTGCR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], https://doi.org/10.6028/NIST.GCR.22-036, https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=935656 (Accessed March 5, 2024)
Created April 1, 2022, Updated December 8, 2023