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NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 1050

Report from the NIST Workshop: Launch of the Rapid Microbial Testing Methods Consortium

September 27, 2022
Author(s)
Nancy Lin, Scott Jackson, Stephanie Servetas, Kirsten Parratt, Joy Dunkers, Tara Eskandari, Sheng Lin-Gibson
On September 17, 2020, NIST hosted a virtual workshop to launch the Rapid Microbial Testing Methods (RMTM) Consortium. The RMTM Consortium aims to address the need for measurements and standards to increase confidence in the use of rapid testing for

Mass Spectral Library Methods for Analysis of Site-Specific N-Glycosylation: Application to Human Milk Proteins

September 16, 2022
Author(s)
Concepcion Remoroza, Meghan Burke Harris, Xiaoyu (Sara) Yang, Sergey Sheetlin, Yuri Mirokhin, Sanford Markey, Dmitrii V. Tchekhovskoi, Stephen E. Stein
We present a mass-spectral library-based method for analyzing site-specific N-linked protein glycosylation. Its operation and utility are illustrated by applying it to both newly measured and available proteomics data of human milk glycoproteins. It

Report on the DHS/NIST Workshop on Standards for an Enduring Capability in Wastewater Surveillance for Public Health (SWWS Workshop)

August 16, 2022
Author(s)
Nancy Lin, Stephanie Servetas, Scott Jackson, Katrice Lippa, Kirsten Parratt, Philip Mattson, Clare Beahn, Mia Mattioli, Sally Gutierrez, Michael Focazio, Ted Smith, Paul Storella, Sarah Wright
Wastewater surveillance is a promising approach to monitor biological and chemical contaminants on a community level in support of public health and safety decisions. Wastewater surveillance has recently been shown highly effective for the early detection

NMR and Metabolomics -A Roadmap for the Future

July 23, 2022
Author(s)
Tracey Schock, David Wishart, Leo Cheng, Valerie Copie, Arthur Edison, Hamid Eghbalnia, Jeffrey Hoch, Goncalo Gouveia, Wimal Pathmasiri, Robert Powers, Llyod Sumner, Mario Uchimiya
Metabolomics investigates global metabolic alterations associated with chemical, biological, physiological, or pathological processes. These metabolic changes are measured with various analytical platforms. While liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC

The need for multicomponent gas standards for breath biomarker analysis

July 7, 2022
Author(s)
Kavita Jeerage, Jennifer Berry, Jacolin Murray, Cassie Goodman, Paulina Piotrowski, Christina Jones, Christina Cecelski, Jennifer Carney, Katrice Lippa, Tara Lovestead
Exhaled breath is a non-invasive, information-rich matrix with the potential to diagnose or monitor disease, including infectious disease. Despite significant effort dedicated to biomarker identification in case control studies, very few breath tests are

Computational Study of the Allosteric Effects of p5 on the CDK5-p25 Hyperactivity as Alternative Inhibitory Mechanisms in Neurodegeneration

June 30, 2022
Author(s)
Tejaswi Tammareddy, Walid Keyrouz, Ram D. Sriram, Harish C. Pant, Antonio Cardone, Jeffery B. Klauda
The cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK5) forms a stable complex with its activator p25, leading to the hyperphosphorylation of tau proteins and to the formation of plaques and tangles that are considered to be one of the typical causes of Alzheimer's disease (AD

Reference Material 8376 Microbial Pathogen DNA Standards for Detection and Identification

June 1, 2022
Author(s)
Jason Kralj, Dieter Tourlousse, Monique Hunter, Erica Romsos, Blaza Toman, Peter Vallone, Scott Jackson
Reference Material (RM) 8376 is intended for NGS-based measurements quantitative to the chromosome. A unit of RM 8376 consists of 20 components (A-T, 19 bacteria and 1 human) each containing well-characterized DNA in 10 mmol/L Tris-HCl, 1 mmol/L EDTA pH 8

Benchmarking challenging small variants with linked and long reads

May 11, 2022
Author(s)
Justin Wagner, Nathanael David Olson, Lindsay Harris, Marc L. Salit, Fritz Sedlazeck, Chunlin Xiao, Justin Zook
Genome in a Bottle benchmarks are widely used to help validate clinical sequencing pipelines and develop variant calling and sequencing methods. Here we use accurate linked and long reads to expand benchmarks in 7 samples to include difficult-to-map

Reference Materials for MS-based Untargeted Metabolomics and Lipidomics: A Review by the Metabolomics Quality Assurance and Quality Control Consortium (mQACC)

April 9, 2022
Author(s)
Katrice Lippa, William Davis, Christina Jones, Tracey Schock, Juan Aristizabal-Henao, Richard Beger, John Bowden, Corey Broeckling, Chris Beecher, Warwick Dunn, Roberto Flores, Goncalo Gouveia, Thomas Hartung, Matthew Lewis, Ioanna Ntai, Andrew Percy, Dan Raftery, Jinchun Sun, Georgios Theodoridis, Fariba Tayyari, Federico Torta, Candice Ulmer, Baljit Ubhi
Introduction The metabolomics quality assurance and quality control consortium (mQACC) is enabling the identification, development, prioritization and promotion of suitable reference materials (RMs) to be used in quality assurance (QA) and quality control

A complete reference genome improves analysis of human genetic variation

April 1, 2022
Author(s)
Sergey Aganezov, Stephanie Yan, Daniela Soto, Melanie Kirsche, Samantha Zarate, Justin Wagner, Jennifer McDaniel, Nathanael David Olson, Rajiv McCoy, Megan Dennis, Justin Zook, Michael Schatz
Compared to its predecessors, the Telomere-to-Telomere CHM13 genome adds nearly 200 million base pairs of sequence, corrects thousands of structural errors, and unlocks the most complex regions of the human genome for clinical and functional study. We show

Complete genomic and epigenetic maps of human centromeres

April 1, 2022
Author(s)
Nicolas Altemose, Glennis Logsdon, Andrey Bzikadze, Pragya Sidhwani, Sasha Langley, Gina Caldas, Justin Zook, Ivan Alexandrov, Karen Miga
Existing human genome assemblies have almost entirely excluded repetitive sequences within and near centromeres, limiting our understanding of their organization, evolution, and functions, which include facilitating proper chromosome segregation. Now, a

The complete sequence of a human genome

March 31, 2022
Author(s)
Sergey Nurk, Sergey Koren, Arang Rhie, Mikko Rautiainen, Jennifer McDaniel, Nathanael David Olson, Justin Wagner, Justin Zook, Evan Eichler, Karen Miga, Adam Phillippy
Since its initial release in 2000, the human reference genome has covered only the euchromatic fraction of the genome, leaving important heterochromatic regions unfinished. Addressing the remaining 8% of the genome, the Telomere-to-Telomere (T2T)

Models for an Ultraviolet-C Research and Development Consortium

March 25, 2022
Author(s)
Dianne L. Poster, C Cameron Miller, Yaw S. Obeng, John J. Kasianowicz, Michael T. Postek, Norman Horn, Troy Cowan, Richard Martinello
The development of an international, precompetitive, collaborative, ultraviolet (UV) research consortium is discussed as an opportunity to lay the groundwork for a new UV commercial industry and the supply chain to support this industry. History has

Curated variation benchmarks for challenging medically relevant autosomal genes

February 7, 2022
Author(s)
Justin Wagner, Nathanael David Olson, Lindsay Harris, Jennifer McDaniel, Fritz Sedlazeck, Chen-Shan Chin, Justin Zook
The repetitive nature and complexity of some medically relevant genes poses a challenge for their accurate analysis in a clinical setting. The Genome in a Bottle Consortium has provided variant benchmark sets, but these exclude nearly 400 medically

Bioinspired Wear-Resistant and Ultra-Durable Functional Gradient Coatings

January 28, 2022
Author(s)
Zhengzhi Wang, Kun Wang, Houbing Huang, Xiao Cui, Zuoqi Zhang, Martin Chiang
For mechanically protective coatings, the coating material usually requires sufficient stiffness and strength to resist external forces and meanwhile matched mechanical properties with the underneath substrate to maintain the structural integrity. These

Gut Microbe-Targeted Choline Trimethylamine Lyase Inhibition Improves Obesity Via Rewiring of Host Circadian Rhythms

January 24, 2022
Author(s)
Rebecca Schugar, Christy Gliniak, Lucas Osborn, William Massey, Naseer Sangwan, Anthony Horak, Rakhee Banerjee, Danny Orabi, Robert Helsley, Amanda Brown, Amy Burrows, Chelsea Finney, Kevin Fung, Frederick Allen, Daniel Ferguson, Anthony Gromovsky, Chase Neumann, Kendall Cook, Amy McMillan, Jennifer Buffa, James Anderson, Margarete Mehrabian, Maryam Goudarzi, Belinda Willard, Tytus Mak, Andrew Armstrong, Garth Swanson, Ali Keshavarzian, Jose Carlos Garcia-Garcia, Zeneng Wang, Aldons Lusis, Stanley Hazen, Mark Brown
Obesity has repeatedly been linked to reorganization of the gut microbiome, yet to this point obesity therapeutics have been targeted exclusively toward the human host. Here we show that gut microbe-targeted inhibition of the trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO)
Displaying 1 - 25 of 1050