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Displaying 1 - 25 of 1029

Reference Materials for MS-based Untargeted Metabolomics and Lipidomics: A Review by the Metabolomics Quality Assurance and Quality Control Consortium (mQACC)

April 9, 2022
Katrice Lippa, William Davis, Christina Jones, Tracey Schock, Juan Aristizabal-Henao, Richard Beger, John Bowden, Corey Broeckling, Chris Beecher, Warwick Dunn, Roberto Flores, Goncalo Gouveia, Thomas Hartung, Matthew Lewis, Ioanna Ntai, Andrew Percy, Dan Raftery, Jinchun Sun, Georgios Theodoridis, Fariba Tayyari, Federico Torta, Candice Ulmer, Baljit Ubhi
Introduction The metabolomics quality assurance and quality control consortium (mQACC) is enabling the identification, development, prioritization and promotion of suitable reference materials (RMs) to be used in quality assurance (QA) and quality control

Complete genomic and epigenetic maps of human centromeres

April 1, 2022
Nicolas Altemose, Glennis Logsdon, Andrey Bzikadze, Pragya Sidhwani, Sasha Langley, Gina Caldas, Justin Zook, Ivan Alexandrov, Karen Miga
Existing human genome assemblies have almost entirely excluded repetitive sequences within and near centromeres, limiting our understanding of their organization, evolution, and functions, which include facilitating proper chromosome segregation. Now, a

The complete sequence of a human genome

March 31, 2022
Sergey Nurk, Sergey Koren, Arang Rhie, Mikko Rautiainen, Jennifer McDaniel, Nathanael David Olson, Justin Wagner, Justin Zook, Evan Eichler, Karen Miga, Adam Phillippy
Since its initial release in 2000, the human reference genome has covered only the euchromatic fraction of the genome, leaving important heterochromatic regions unfinished. Addressing the remaining 8% of the genome, the Telomere-to-Telomere (T2T)

Models for an Ultraviolet-C Research and Development Consortium

March 25, 2022
Dianne L. Poster, C Cameron Miller, Yaw S. Obeng, John J. Kasianowicz, Michael T. Postek, Norman Horn, Troy Cowan, Richard Martinello
The development of an international, precompetitive, collaborative, ultraviolet (UV) research consortium is discussed as an opportunity to lay the groundwork for a new UV commercial industry and the supply chain to support this industry. History has

Bioinspired Wear-Resistant and Ultra-Durable Functional Gradient Coatings

January 28, 2022
Zhengzhi Wang, Kun Wang, Houbing Huang, Xiao Cui, Zuoqi Zhang, Martin Chiang
For mechanically protective coatings, the coating material usually requires sufficient stiffness and strength to resist external forces and meanwhile matched mechanical properties with the underneath substrate to maintain the structural integrity. These

RNA reference materials with defined viral RNA loads of SARS-CoV-2 - A useful tool towards a better PCR assay harmonization

January 20, 2022
Laura Vierbaum, Nathalie Wojtalewicz, Vanessa Lindig, Ulf Duhring, Hans-Peter Grunert, Christian Drosten, Victor Corman, Daniela Niemeyer, Sandra Ciesek, Holger Rabenau, Annemarie Berger, Martin Obermeier, Andreas Nitsche, Janine Michel, Martin Mielke, Jim Huggett, Denise O'Sullivan, Simon Cowen, Megan Cleveland, Peter Vallone, Samreen Falak, Andreas Kummrow, Thomas Keller, Ingo Schellenberg, Heinz Zeichhardt, Martin Kammel
The outbreak and pandemic spread of SARS-CoV-2, the cause of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), led to the need for a reliable detection method to track the circulation of this virus. After introducing PCR methods for genome detection of SARS-CoV-2

AbsorbanceQ: An App for Generating Absorbance Images from Brightfield Images

January 4, 2022
Stephen Zimmerman, Carl Simon Jr., Greta Babakhanova
The AbsorbanceQ app converts brightfield microscope images into absorbance images that can be analyzed and compared across different operators, microscopes and time. Absorbance-based measurements are comparable, which is useful when the aim is to

The science of the host-virus network

November 24, 2021
Gregory Albery, Daniel J. Becker, Liam Brierley, Cara Brook, Rebecca Christofferson, Lily Cohen, Tad Dallas, Evan Eskew, Anna Fagre, Maxwell Farrell, Emma Glennon, Sarah Guth, Maxwell Joseph, Nardus Mollentze, Ben Neely, Timothee Poisot, Angela Rasmussen, Sadie Ryan, Anna Siodin, Stephanie Seifert, Erin Sorrell, Colin Carlson
Better methods to predict and prevent the emergence of zoonotic viruses could support future efforts to reduce the risk of epidemics. We propose a network science framework for understanding and predicting human and animal susceptibility to viral

Liver proteome response to torpor in a basoendothermic mammal, Tenrec ecaudatus, provides insights into the evolution of homeothermy

October 6, 2021
Jane Khudyakov, Michael Treat, Mikayla Shanafelt, Jared Deyarmin, Ben Neely, Frank van Breukelen
Many mammals use adaptive heterothermy (e.g., torpor, hibernation) to reduce metabolic demands of maintaining high body temperature (Tb). Torpor is typically characterized by coordinated declines in Tb and metabolic rate (MR) followed by active rewarming

Characteristics to Consider when Selecting a Positive Control Material for an In Vitro Assay

September 29, 2021
Elijah Petersen, Andrew Nguyen, Jeffrey Brown, John T. Elliott, Amy Clippinger, John Gordon, Nicole Kleinstreuer, Matthias Roesslein
The use of in vitro assays to inform decision-making requires robust and reproducible results across studies, laboratories, and time. Experiments using positive control materials are an integral component of an assay procedure to demonstrate the extent to

Resources for developing reliable and reproducible in vitro test methods

September 29, 2021
Elijah Petersen, Vytas Reipa, Menghang Xia, Monita Sharma
A broad range of in vitro test methods have been developed given their numerous potential advantages over in vivo tests. We describe here key resources and tools to increase the reliability and reproducibility of in vitro test methods.

Use of cause-and-effect analysis to optimize the reliability of in vitro inhalation toxicity measurements using an air-liquid interface

September 29, 2021
Elijah Petersen, Monita Sharma, Amy Clippinger, John Gordon, Aaron Katz, Peter Laux, Lars Leibrock, Andreas Luch, Joanna Matheson, Andreas Stucki, Jutta Tentschert, Frank Bierkandt
In vitro inhalation toxicology methods are increasingly being used for research and regulatory purposes. While the opportunity for increased human relevance of in vitro inhalation methods compared to in vivo tests has been established and discussed, how to

Quantitative Craniofacial Analysis and Generation of Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells for Muenke Syndrome: A Case Report

September 22, 2021
Fahad Kidwai, Byron Mui, Konstantinia Almpani, Priyam Jani, Cyrus Keyvanfar, Kulsum Iqbal, Sriram Paravastu, Deepika Arora, Pamela Orzechowski, Randall Merling, Barbara Mallon, Jeremiah Woodcock, Vamsee Myneni, Moaz Ahmad, Paul Kruszka, Maximilian Muenke, Pamela Robey, Janice Lee
In this case report, we focus on Muenke syndrome (MS), a disease caused by the p.Pro250Arg variant in fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) and characterized by uni- or bilateral coronal suture synostosis, macrocephaly without craniosynostosis

Towards Absolute Viability Measurements for Bacteria

September 12, 2021
Joy Dunkers, Hariharan K. Iyer, Brynna H. Jones, Charles Camp, Stephan J. Stranick, Nancy Lin
Quantifying viable, vegetative bacteria is a critical measurand in healthcare diagnostics, food safety, and antimicrobial development. Viability determination has traditionally relied on such techniques as plate counting, colorimetric or fluorescent

Critical considerations for the design of multi-organ microphysiological systems (MPS)

September 9, 2021
Mridu Malik, Yang Yang, Parinaz Fathi, Gretchen Mahler, Mandy Esch
The process of identifying new drugs and getting them approved for use in patients requires extensive preclinical studies and clinical trials. Preclinical studies rely on in vitro experiments and animal models of human diseases. The reliability of data

The YcnI protein from Bacillus subtilis contains a copper-binding domain

September 1, 2021
Madhura Damle, Stephen Peters, Veronika Szalai, Oriana Fisher
Bacteria require a precise balance of copper ions to ensure that essential cuproproteins are fully metalated while also avoiding copper-induced toxicity. The Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis maintains appropriate copper homeostasis in part through

Analysis of Seafood Reference Materials: RM 8256, RM 8257, RM 8258 and RM 8259

August 30, 2021
Debra Ellisor, Benjamin Place, Melissa M. Phillips, James H. Yen
NIST Reference Material (RM) 8256 Wild-caught Coho Salmon, RM 8257 Aquacultured Coho Salmon, RM 8258 Wild-caught Shrimp and RM 8259 Aquacultured Shrimp were generated for use in authentication, nutrition and food safety-related determinations of crude fat
Displaying 1 - 25 of 1029