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EBIT Milestones

A brief history of the development of the NIST EBIT Facility:
1991 First staff hired (Gillaspy). Begin preparation of laboratory space, control electronics, etc.
1992 Begin assembly of EBIT.
1993 First trapped ions.
1994 First major atomic physics results submitted for publication [Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1716 (1995)]. Begin planning of ion-surface studies (5 year competence building funds secured). Second staff hired (Ratliff).
1995 First extracted ions.
1996 Beamline for extracted ions fully operational. Beamline publications document record beam fluxes.
1997 First ion-surface results submitted for publication. UHV Scanning Probe Microscope (SPM) purchased, and installation begun.
1998 SPM coupled to EBIT. Vibration isolation developed. Atomic scale imaging demonstrated.
1999 First in-situ images of surfaces bombarded with highly charged ions submitted for publication. Microcalorimeter installed by collaborators from Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.
2000 Visible/UV work on Ti-like data complete (>125 cumulative citations to date). First data using microcalorimeter published. First QED results on He-like ions published (funded by ARC).
2001 NASA funding begins. Intel asks NIST to deploy EBIT for EUV lithography. First low energy (<100 eV) EBIT operation. Invited HCI review article published in J. Phys. B.
2002 International SEMATECH funding begins. Ion-gas collision studies with extracted beams begin. Compilation of first 42 NIST EBIT papers published.
2003 DOE funding begins. Joseph Tan and Josh Pomeroy hired. EPSRC funding begins (UK theory support for NIST EBIT work). First EUV spectroscopy.
2004 Second generation Harvard-Smithsonian microcalorimeter deployed. Switchable NRL MEVVA deployed. Belfast fellowship and collaboration.
2005 Collaboration with NIH Radiation Oncology Branch begins. Fusion research agreements signed with JAERI and IAEA. First QED measurements on H-like ions performed (funded by ARC).
Created March 1, 2010, Updated November 15, 2019