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Search Publications by: John Kitching (Fed)

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 225

Laser Offset Stabilization with Chip-Scale Atomic Diffractive Elements

June 7, 2024
Heleni Krelman, Ori Nefesh, Kfir Levi, Douglas Bopp, Songbai Kang, Liron Stern, John Kitching
Achieving precise and adjustable control over laser frequency is an essential requirement in numerous applications such as precision spectroscopy, quantum control, and sensing. In many of such applications it is desired to stabilize a laser with a variable

Next-Generation Chip-Scale Atomic Clocks

October 16, 2023
John Kitching, Matthew Hummon, William McGehee, Ying-Ju Wang, Susan Schima
We describe work toward the development of next-generation chip-scale atomic clocks, which combine small size, low power consumption and manufacturability with high frequency stability. The use of optical transitions in microfabricated vapor cells improves


July 16, 2023
Ying-Ju Wang, John Kitching, Isaac Fan, Yang Li
The precise measurement of magnetic fields is a fundamental tool of remote sensing. However, accurately measuring the direction of magnetic fields is challenging with atomic magnetometers. The standard approach of collecting vector measurements involves

A chip-scale atomic beam clock

June 13, 2023
Gabriela Martinez, Chao Li, Alexander Staron, John Kitching, Chandra Raman, William McGehee
We demonstrate a passively pumped, chip-scale atomic beam clock fabricated using a stack of silicon and glass wafers. The device could additionally serve as a platform for compact atom interferometers and other future quantum sensors.

Flight demonstration of a miniature atomic scalar magnetometer based on a microfabricated rubidium vapor cell

March 3, 2023
Haje Korth, John Kitching, John Bonnell, Brian Bryce, George Clark, Weston Edens, Christopher Gardner, Wiliam Rachelson, Amanda Slagle
We have developed an atomic magnetometer based on the rubidium isotope 87Rb and a microfabricated silicon/glass vapor cell for the purpose of qualifying the instrument for space flight during a ride-along opportunity on a sounding rocket. The instrument

Microfabricated strontium atomic vapor cells

January 5, 2023
Jacob Pate, John Kitching, Matthew Hummon
We demonstrate strontium (Sr) atomic vapor cells having a total external volume of 0.63 cm3 that can operate above 300 °C for times exceeding 380 h. The cells are fabricated using micromachined silicon frames anodically bonded to glass windows that have a

Inhomogenous Light Shifts of Coherent Population Trapping Resonances

April 13, 2022
Juniper Pollock, Valera Yudin, Alexey Taichenachev, Maxim Basalaev, D Kovalenko, Azure Hansen, John Kitching, William McGehee
Coherent population trapping (CPT) in atomic vapors using all-optical interrogation has enabled the miniaturization of microwave atomic clocks. Light shifts induced by the CPT driving elds can impact the spectral pro le of CPT resonances and are a common

Point-source atom interferometer gyroscope

December 1, 2021
Azure Hansen, Yun-Jhih Chen, John Kitching, Elizabeth Donley
Point-source atom interferometry (PSI) with cold atoms in a centimeter-scale vacuum cell has applications in inertial navigation. PSI uses light pulses in a Raman configuration to interfere atomic wavepackets in an expanding cloud of laser-cooled atoms

A simple imaging solution for chip-scale laser cooling

November 1, 2021
John Kitching, Gabriela Martinez, A, Gregazzi, Paul Griffin, Aidan Arnold, D. P. Burt, Rodolphe Bouldot, Erling Riis, James McGilligan
We demonstrate a simple stacked scheme that enables absorption imaging through a hole in the surface of a grating magneto-optical trap (GMOT) chip, placed immediately below a micro-fabricated vacuum cell. The imaging scheme is capable of overcoming the

High-performance, compact optical standard

September 15, 2021
Zachary Newman, Vincent N. Maurice, Tara Fortier, Connor Fredrick, Scott Diddams, John Kitching, Matthew Hummon
We describe a high-performance, compact optical frequency standard based on a microfabricated Rb vapor cell and a low-noise, external cavity diode laser operating on the Rb two-photon transition at 778 nm. The optical standard achieves an instability of 1

Wafer-Level Fabrication of Alkali Vapor Cells Using In-Situ Atomic Deposition

December 14, 2020
Douglas Bopp, Vincent N. Maurice, John Kitching
We demonstrate a new technique for filling microfabricated silicon and glass cavities with alkali vapors at the wafer-scale. A single etched silicon wafer contains an array of cavities containing alkali precursor materials offset laterally from the cell

Enhanced observation time of magneto-optical traps using micro-machined non-evaporable getter pumps

October 6, 2020
Rodolphe Boudot, James P. McGilligan, Kaitlin R. Moore, Vincent N. Maurice, Gabriela Martinez, Azure L. Hansen, E. de Clercq, Elizabeth Donley, John Kitching
We show that micro-machined non-evaporable getter pumps (NEGs) can extend the time over which laser cooled atoms can be produced in a magneto-optical trap (MOT), in the absence of other vacuum pumping mechanisms. In a first study, we incorporate a silicon

Protocol for Light-Shift Compensation in a Continuous-Wave Microcell Atomic Clock

September 8, 2020
Moustafa A. Hafiz, Remy Vicarini, Nicolas Passilly, Claudio Calosso, Vincent N. Maurice, Juniper Pollock, V Yudin, John Kitching, Rodolphe Boudot
Light shifts are known to be an important limitation to the mid- and long-term fractional frequency stability of different types of atomic clocks. In this article, we demonstrate the experimental implementation of an anti-light-shift interrogation protocol

A miniaturized optical frequency standard for next generation portable optical clocks

August 7, 2020
Vincent N. Maurice, Zachary Newman, Susannah Dickerson, Morgan Rivers, Mark Mescher, John LeBlanc, John Kitching, Matthew Hummon, Cort Johnson
This paper describes the development and measurement of a miniaturized optical frequency standard based on the rubidium two-photon transition at 778 nm. The optical standard has been implemented on a micro-optics breadboard and operates on

General Methods for Suppressing the Light Shift in Atomic Clocks Using Power Modulation

August 3, 2020
V Yudin, M. Y. Basalaev, A. V. Taichenachev, Juniper Pollock, Zachary Newman, Moshe Shuker, Azure L. Hansen, Matthew Hummon, Elizabeth Donley, John Kitching
We show that the light shift in atomic clocks can be suppressed using time variation of the interrogation field intensity. By measuring the clock output at two intensity levels, error signals can be generated that simultaneously stabilize a local

Laser-cooling in a chip-scale platform

August 3, 2020
James P. McGilligan, Kaitlin R. Moore, Argyrios Dellis, Gabriela Martinez, E. de Clercq, Paul Griffin, A S. Arnold, E Riis, Rodolphe Boudot, John Kitching
Chip-scale atomic devices built around micro-fabricated alkali vapor cells are at the forefront of compact metrology and atomic sensors. We demonstrate a micro-fabricated vapor cell that is actively pumped to ultra-high-vacuum (UHV) to achieve laser

Dynamic characterization of an alkali-ion-battery as a source for laser-cooled atoms

April 14, 2020
James P. McGilligan, Kaitlin R. Moore, Songbai Kang, R. Mott, A. Mis, C. Roper, Elizabeth Donley, John Kitching
We investigate a solid-state, reversible, alkali-ion-battery (AIB) capable of regulating the density of alkali atoms in a vacuum system used for the production of laser-cooled atoms. The cold-atom sample can be used with in-vacuum chronoamperometry as a

A chip-scale optical frequency reference for the telecommunication band based on acetylene

March 16, 2020
Roy Zektzer, Matthew T. Hummon, Liron Stern, Yefim Barash, Noa Mazurski, John Kitching, Levy Uriel
Lasers precisely stabilized to known transitions between energy levels in simple, well-isolated quantum systems such as atoms and molecules are highly desired for myriad of applications ranging from precise measurements to optical communications. The

Atomic flux circuits

February 23, 2020
Douglas Bopp, Ellyse Taylor, Khoa Le, Susan Schima, Matthew Hummon, John Kitching
Atomic vapors are a crucial platform for precision metrology but in their simplest implementation, a thermal vapor, the intrinsic optical resonances are broadened due to the random and isotropic thermal motion of the atoms. By structuring the container of

Ultranarrow linewidth photonic-atomic laser

January 8, 2020
Wei Zhang, Liron Stern, David R. Carlson, Douglas G. Bopp, Zachary L. Newman, Songbai Kang, John Kitching, Scott Papp
Lasers with high spectral purity can enable a diverse application space, including precision spectroscopy, coherent high-speed communications, physical sensing, and manipulation of quantum systems. Already, meticulous design and construction of bench Fabry

Light-Shift Suppression with Novel Variants of Adaptive Ramsey Spectroscopy

October 3, 2019
Moshe Shuker, Juniper Pollock, John Kitching, Elizabeth Donley, Rodolphe Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev
We present a brief review of the rapidly growing field of autobalanced Ramsey spectroscopy followed by a detailed discussion and review of two novel techniques that were developed and tested in our laboratory: displaced frequency-jump Ramsey spectroscopy

Pumping and decay rates of cold atoms dark states

September 9, 2019
Moshe Shuker, Juniper Pollock, V. I. Yudin, John Kitching, Elizabeth Donley
Coherent dark states in atoms, created by simultaneous interaction of two coherent light fields with an atom, are of prime importance in quantum state manipulation. They are used extensively in quantum sensing and quantum information applications to build