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Search Publications by: John Kitching (Fed)

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Displaying 26 - 50 of 225

Developing Next-generation Brain Sensing Technologies - A Review

July 22, 2019
Jacob T. Robinson, Eric Pohlmeyer, Malte C. Gather, Caleb Kemere, John Kitching, George G. Malliaras, Adam Marblestone, Kenneth L. Shepard, Thomas Stieglitz, Chong Xie
Advances in sensing technology raise the possibility of creating neural interfaces that can more effectively restore or repair neural function and reveal fundamental properties of neural information processing. To realize the potential of these

A Cold-Atom Beam Clock, based on Coherent Population Trapping

July 17, 2019
John D. Elgin, Thomas P. Heavner, John E. Kitching, Elizabeth A. Donley, Jayson Denney, Evan Salim
We present results from a novel atomic clock which employs a beam of cold 87 Rb atoms and spatially separated (Ramsey) coherent population trapping interrogation of the hyperfine clock transition at 6.834 GHz. The cold atomic beam is generated through the

Single-Source Multiaxis Cold-Atom Interferometer in a Centimeter-Scale Cell

July 11, 2019
Yun Jhih Chen, Azure L. Hansen, Gregory W. Hoth, Eugene Ivanov, John E. Kitching, Elizabeth A. Donley
Using the technique of point source atom interferometry, we characterize the sensitivity of a multi-axis gyroscope based on free-space Raman interrogation of a single source of cold atoms in a glass vacuum cell. The instrument simultaneously measures the

Magneto-optic trap using a reversible, solid-state alkali-metal source

June 6, 2019
Songbai Kang, Kaitlin R. Moore, James P. McGilligan, R. Mott, A. Mis, C. Roper, Elizabeth A. Donley, John E. Kitching
Fast, reversible, and low-power alkali-atom sources are desirable in both tabletop and portable cold-atom sensors. Here we demonstrate a magneto-optic trap (MOT) formed in conjunction with a reversible solid state Rb reservoir in a vapor cell. The results

Architecture for the photonic integration of an optical atomic clock

May 20, 2019
Zachary L. Newman, Vincent N. Maurice, Tara E. Drake, Jordan R. Stone, Travis Briles, Daryl T. Spencer II, Connor D. Fredrick, Qing Li, Daron A. Westly, Bojan R. Ilic, B. Shen, M.-G Suh, K. Y. Yang, C Johnson, D.M. S. Johnson, Leo Hollberg, K. Vahala, Kartik A. Srinivasan, Scott A. Diddams, John E. Kitching, Scott B. Papp, Matthew T. Hummon
Optical atomic clocks, which rely on high-frequency, narrow-line optical transitions to stabilize a clock laser, outperform their microwave counterparts by several orders of magnitude due to their inherently large quality factors. Optical clocks based on

Reduction of light shifts in Ramsey spectroscopy with a combined error signal

April 11, 2019
Moshe Shuker, Juniper Wren Y. Pollock, Rodolphe Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, John E. Kitching, Elizabeth A. Donley
Light-induced frequency shifts can be a key limiting contribution to the mid and long-term frequency stability in atomic clocks. In this letter, we demonstrate the experimental implementation of the combined error signal (CES) interrogation protocol to a

Ramsey Spectroscopy with Displaced Frequency Jumps

March 19, 2019
Moshe Shuker, Juniper Wren Y. Pollock, Rodolphe Boudot, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, John E. Kitching, Elizabeth A. Donley
Sophisticated Ramsey-based interrogation protocols using composite laser pulse sequences have been recently proposed to provide in next-generation high-precision atomic clocks a near perfect elimination of frequency shifts induced during the atom-probing

Chip-scale atomic diffractive optical elements

December 31, 2018
Liron Stern, Douglas G. Bopp, Susan A. Schima, Vincent N. Maurice, John E. Kitching
Atomic systems have long provided a useful material platform with unique quantum properties. The efficient light-matter interaction in atomic vapors has led to numerous seminal scientific achievements including accurate and precise metrology 1-3 and

Combined error signal in Ramsey spectroscopy of clock transitions

December 18, 2018
V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, M. Y. Basalaev, T. Zanon-Willette, Juniper Wren Y. Pollock, Moshe Shuker, Elizabeth Donley, John Kitching
We have developed a universal method to form the reference signal for the stabilization of arbitrary atomic clocks based on Ramsey spectroscopy that uses an interrogation scheme of the atomic system with two different Ramsey periods and a specially

AC stark shifts of dark resonances probed with Ramsey spectroscopy

November 16, 2018
James Wesley Y. Pollock, V. I. Yudin, Moshe Shuker, M. Y. Basalaev, A. V. Taichenachev, Xiaochi Liu, John E. Kitching, Elizabeth A. Donley
The off-resonant AC Stark shift for coherent population trapping (CPT) resonances probed with Ramsey spectroscopy is investigated experimentally and theoretically. Measurements with laser- cooled 87Rb atoms show excellent quantitative agreement with a

Chip Scale Atomic Devices

August 14, 2018
John E. Kitching
Chip-scale atomic devices combine elements of precision atomic spectroscopy, silicon micromachining and advanced diode laser technology to create compact, low-power and manufacturable instruments with high precision and stability. We review the design

Generalized auto-balanced Ramsey spectroscopy of clock transitions

May 23, 2018
V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, M. Y. Basalaev, T. Zanon-Willette, Juniper Wren Y. Pollock, Moshe Shuker, Elizabeth Donley, John Kitching
We develop the theory for generalised auto-balanced Ramsey spectroscopy (GABRS), which allows probe-field-induced shifts in atomic clocks to be eliminated. This universal two-loop method, apart from the clock frequency omega, requires the use of an

Photonic chip for laser stabilization to an atomic vapor at a precision of $10^{-11}$

April 11, 2018
Matthew T. Hummon, Songbai Kang, Douglas G. Bopp, Qing Li, Daron A. Westly, Sangsik Kim, Connor D. Fredrick, Scott A. Diddams, Kartik A. Srinivasan, John E. Kitching
We perform precision spectroscopy of rubidium confined in a micro-machined, 27~mm$^3$ volume, vapor cell using a collimated free space 120~$\bm{\mu}$m diameter laser beam derived directly from a single mode silicon nitride waveguide. With this optical

Ultra-high contrast coherent population trapping resonances in a cold-atom microwave clock

November 29, 2017
Xiaochi Liu, V. I. Yudin, A. V. Taichenachev, John Kitching, Elizabeth Donley
A cold-atom coherent population trapping clock can achieve a better long-term frequency stability than similar clocks based on vapor cells, since long interrogation periods are possible without introducing systematic frequency shifts from buffer gases

High-Performance Coherent Population Trapping Clock Based on Laser-Cooled Atoms

November 2, 2017
Xiaochi Liu, Eugene Ivanov, V. I. Yudin, John Kitching, Elizabeth Donley
Atomic clocks based on laser-cooled atoms are capable of achieving long interrogation periods and hence narrow resonance linewidths because of the very low atom velocities achievable with laser cooling. The long interrogation periods are achieved without

A Low-Power Reversible Alkali Atom Source

June 13, 2017
Songbai Kang, Russell P. Mott, Kevin A. Gilmore, Logan D. Sorenson, Matthew T. Rahker, Elizabeth A. Donley, John E. Kitching, Christopher S. Roper
An electrically-controllable, solid-state, reversible device for sourcing and sinking alkali vapor is presented. When placed inside an alkali vapor cell, both an increase and decrease of the rubidium vapor density by a factor of two are demonstrated

Trade-offs in Size and Performance for a Point Source Interferometer Gyroscope

March 27, 2017
Gregory W. Hoth, John E. Kitching, Elizabeth A. Donley, Bruno Pelle
Point source interferometry (PSI) is a promising technique that could lead to a compact, high- performance gyroscope based on atom interferometry. We consider the trade-offs in size and performance with PSI. In particular, we discuss the sensitivity and

An optimized microfabricated platform for the optical generation and detection of hyperpolarized 129Xe

March 7, 2017
Daniel Kennedy, Scott J. Seltzer, Ricardo Jimenez Martinez, Hattie L. Ring, Nicolas S. Malecek, Svenja A. Knappe, Elizabeth Donley, John Kitching, Vikram S. Bajaj, Alexander Pines
Low thermal-equilibrium nuclear spin polarizations and the need for sophisticated instrumentation render conventional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and imaging incompatible with small-scale microfluidic devices. Recently a microfabricated device

Analytical Tools for Point Source Interferometry

February 20, 2017
Gregory W. Hoth, John E. Kitching, Elizabeth A. Donley, Bruno M. Pelle
Light pulse atom interferometry can be used to realize high-performance sensors of accelerations and rotations. In order to broaden the range of applications of these sensors, it is desirable to reduce their size and complexity. Point source interferometry

A microfabricated optically-pumped magnetic gradiometer

January 18, 2017
Abigail R. Perry, Sean P. Krzyzewski, John E. Kitching, S. Geller, Sheng D., Svenja A. Knappe
We report on the development of a microfabricated atomic magnetic gradiometer based on optical spectroscopy of alkali atoms in the vapor phase. The gradiometer, with a length of 60 mm and a cross section diameter of 12 mm, is made of two chip-scale atomic

Point source atom interferometry with a cloud of finite size

August 19, 2016
Gregory W. Hoth, Bruno M. Pelle, Stefan Riedl, John E. Kitching, Elizabeth A. Donley
We demonstrate a two axis gyroscope by use of light pulse atom interferometry with an expanding cloud of atoms in the regime where the cloud has expanded by 1.1 to 5 times its initial size during the interrogation. Rotations are measured by analyzing

Miniature atomic scaler magnetometer for space based on the rubidium isotope 87 Rb

July 22, 2016
Haje Korth, Kim Strohbehn, Francisco Tejada, Andreas G Andreou, John Kitching, Svenja A. Knappe, S. John Lehtonen, Shaughn M. London, Matiwos Kafel
A miniature absolute scalar magnetometer based on the rubidium isotope 87Rb was developed for possible future operation in space. The instrument design implements both Mx and Mz mode operation and leverages a novel micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS)

Microresonator Brillouin laser stabilization using a microfabricated rubidium cell

June 17, 2016
William Loh, Matthew T. Hummon, Holly Leopardi, Tara Fortier, Franklyn Quinlan, John Kitching, Scott Papp, Scott Diddams
We frequency stabilize the output of a miniature stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) laser to rubidium atoms in a microfabricated cell to realize a laser system with frequency stability at the 10-11 level over seven decades in averaging time. In addition

Low Helium Permeation Cells for Atomic Microsystems Technology

June 15, 2016
Argyrios Dellis, Shah Vishal, Elizabeth A. Donley, Svenja A. Knappe, John E. Kitching
The miniaturization of instruments and sensors based on laser-cooled atoms is hindered by the large pumps needed to maintain the vacuum requirements. A significant source of vacuum contamination is the permeation of gases through the walls of the chamber