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Search Publications by: Christopher L. Holloway (Fed)

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 211

Zeeman-resolved Autler-Townes splitting in Rydberg atoms with a tunable RF resonance and a single transition dipole moment

February 21, 2024
Noah Schlossberger, Drew Rotunno, Aly Artusio-Glimpse, Nik Prajapati, Samuel Berweger, Dangka Shylla, Matt Simons, Christopher L. Holloway
Applying a magnetic field as a method for tuning the frequency of Autler-Townes splitting for Rydberg electrometry has recently been demonstrated. In this Letter, we provide a theoretical understanding of Rydberg electromechanically-induced-transparency

Synthetic Aperture RF Reception using Rydberg Atoms

August 2, 2023
Nik Prajapati, Aly Artusio-Glimpse, Matt Simons, Samuel Berweger, Drew Rotunno, Maitreyi Jayaseelan, Kaleb Campbell, Christopher L. Holloway
Rydberg atoms show great promise for use as self-calibrated electric field sensors for a broad range of frequencies. Their response is traceable to the international system of units making them a valuable tool for a variety of applications including

Rydberg Atoms for One-Step Traceability for Sensing Electric Fields

May 8, 2023
Aly Artusio-Glimpse, Christopher L. Holloway, Matt Simons, Nik Prajapati, Drew Rotunno, Samuel Berweger, Kaleb Campbell, Maitreyi Jayaseelan
Absolute electric field measurements present a "chicken-and-egg" situation where calibration of field probes relies on accurate knowledge of the field while precise determination of the field involves measurements with a calibrated probe. Metrology

Dielectric-Loaded Microwave Rectangular Waveguide and Higher Order Modes Resonator

June 2, 2021
Christopher L. Holloway, Abdulaziz H. Haddab, Edward Kuester
Resonant transmission through a dielectric-loaded slot in a thick conducting diaphragm embedded in a rectangular waveguide is modeled using an analytical approximation based on the slot being small compared to a free space wavelength. Image theory relates

Blackbody Radiation Noise Broadening of Quantum Systems

April 22, 2021
Eric B. Norrgard, Stephen Eckel, Christopher L. Holloway, Eric L. Shirley
Precision measurements of quantum systems often seek to probe or must account for the interaction with blackbody radiation. Over the past several decades, much attention has been given to AC Stark shifts and stimulated state transfer. For a blackbody in

Quantum Blackbody Thermometry

April 22, 2021
Eric B. Norrgard, Stephen Eckel, Christopher L. Holloway, Eric L. Shirley
Blackbody radiation (BBR) sources are calculable radiation sources that are frequently used in radiometry, temperature dissemination, and remote sensing. Despite their ubiquity, blackbody sources, have a plethora of systematics (e.g., emissivity

A Multi-Band Rydberg-Atom Based Receiver/Antenna: AM/FM Stereo Reception

April 2, 2020
Christopher L. Holloway, Matthew T. Simons, Joshua A. Gordon
With the re-definition of the International System of Units (SI) that occurred in October of 2018, there has recently been a great deal of attention in the development atom-base sensors for metrology applications. In particular great progress had been made

Embedding a Rydberg Atom-Based Sensor into an Antenna for Phase and Amplitude Detection of Radio Frequency Fields and Modulated Signals

October 22, 2019
Christopher L. Holloway, Matthew T. Simons, Abdulaziz H. Haddab, Joshua A. Gordon, David R. Novotny
We demonstrate a Rydberg atom-based sensor embedded in a parallel-plate waveguide (PPWG) for amplitude and phase detection of a radio-frequency (RF) electric field. This embedded atomic sensor is also capable of receiving modulated communications signals

Applications with a Rydberg Atom-based Radio Frequency Antenna/Receiver

September 2, 2019
Matthew T. Simons, Abdulaziz H. Haddab, Joshua A. Gordon, Christopher L. Holloway
We discuss several recent extensions of quantum radio frequency (RF) electric field sensors to antenna/receiver applications. These Rydberg atom-based sensors have been previously studied for SI-traceable RF field measurements. We demonstrate the reception

Detecting and Receiving Phase-Modulated Signals With a Rydberg Atom-Based Receiver

September 2, 2019
Christopher L. Holloway, Matthew T. Simons, Joshua A. Gordon, David R. Novotny
Recently, we introduced a Rydberg-atom based mixer capable of detecting and measuring of the phase of a radio-frequency field through the electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) and Autler-Townes (AT) effect. The ability to measure phase with this

Carbon Nanotube Thin Film Patch Antennas for Wireless Communications

May 24, 2019
E. A. Bengio, Damir Senic, Lauren W. Taylor, Robert J. Headrick, Michael King, Peiyu Chen, Charles A. Little, John M. Ladbury, Chris Long, Christopher L. Holloway, Aydin Babakhani, James Booth, Nate Orloff
Early work on carbon nanotube (CNT) antennas indicated that their performance could not match that of metals such as copper. However, recent improvements in fluid phase CNT processing have yielded macroscopic CNT materials with better alignment and

A Rydberg Atom-Based Mixer: Measuring the Phase of a Radio Frequency Wave

March 18, 2019
Christopher L. Holloway, Matthew T. Simons, Abdulaziz H. Haddab, Joshua A. Gordon
Rydberg atoms have been shown to be very useful in performing absolute measurements of the magnitude of a radio frequency (RF) field using electromagnetically-induced transparency (EIT). However, there has been less success in using Rydberg atoms for the

Rydberg Atom-based RF Power Measurements

November 4, 2018
Matthew T. Simons, Marcus D. Kautz, Abdulaziz H. Haddab, Joshua A. Gordon, Christopher L. Holloway, Thomas P. Crowley
The power transmitted through a waveguide was determined using in-situ atom-based electric field measurements. The field distribution in the waveguide was measured using Rydberg atoms to find the maximum field, which was used to determine the power. For a

Using Radiation Pressure to Develop a Radio-Frequency Power Measurement Technique Traceable to the Redefined SI

October 15, 2018
Christopher L. Holloway, Matthew T. Simons, David R. Novotny, John H. Lehman, Paul A. Williams, Gordon A. Shaw
We discuss a power measurement technique traceable to the International System of Units based on radiation pressure (or radiation force) carried by an electromagnetic wave. A measurement of radiation pressure offers the possibility for a power measurement

Uncertainties in Rydberg Atom-based RF E-field Measurements

October 8, 2018
Matthew T. Simons, Marcus D. Kautz, Joshua A. Gordon, Christopher L. Holloway
A new atom-based electric (E) field measurement approach (using Rydberg atoms) is being investigated by several groups around the world as a means to develop a new SI-traceable RF E- field standard. For this technique to be useful it is important to

MEMS non-absorbing electromagnetic power sensor employing the effect of radiation pressure

September 8, 2018
Ivan Ryger, Aly Artusio-Glimpse, Paul A. Williams, Gordon A. Shaw, Matt Simons, Christopher L. Holloway, John H. Lehman
We demonstrate a compact electromagnetic power sensor based on force effects of electromagnetic radiation onto a highly reflective mirror surface. Unlike the conventional power measurement approach, the photons are not absorbed and can be further used in

Development and Applications of a Fiber-Coupled Atom-Based Electric Field Probe

August 26, 2018
Christopher L. Holloway, Matt Simons, Josh Gordon
We are developing a fundamentally new atom-based approach for electric (E) field measurements. This new approach will lead to a self-calibrated, SI traceable, E-field measurement, and has the capability to perform measurements on a fine spatial resolution

High-resolution near-field imaging and far-fieldantenna measurements with atomic sensors

August 26, 2018
Christopher L. Holloway, Matt Simons, Dave Anderson, Georg Raithel
—Measurements of radio-frequency (RF) electric fields using atomic sensors based on quantum-optical spectroscopy of Rydberg states in vapors has garnered significant interest in recent years for the establishment of atomic standards for RF electric fields