Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Search Publications by: Deborah Jacobs ()

Search Title, Abstract, Conference, Citation, Keyword or Author
Displaying 1 - 25 of 33

Effects of temperature and humidity on high-strength p-aramid fibers used in body armor

April 14, 2020
Amy E. Engelbrecht-Wiggans, Faraz A. Burni, Emilien Guigues, Shefei Jiang, Vivian Yu, Thang Huynh, Zois Tsinas, Deborah Jacobs, Amanda L. Forster
To improve the reliability and design of body armor, it is imperative to understand the failure modes and the degradation rates of the materials used in armor. Despite the best efforts of manufacturers, some vulnerability of armor materials to aging due to

Macroscopic degradation behaviors of polyethylene under the influence of UV radiation and temperature

February 17, 2020
Hsiang C. Hsueh, Jae H. Kim, Sara Orski, Andrew Fairbrother, Deborah Jacobs, Donald L. Hunston, Christopher C. White, Li Piin Sung, Lakesha Perry
Accelerated weathering tests were performed to investigate the effects of multiple ultraviolet (UV) light intensities and temperatures on the tensile behavior of high-density polyethylene (HDPE). In the macroscopic degradation behavior of HDPE, tensile

Graphene oxide/waterborne polyurethane nanocoatings: Effects of graphene oxide content on performance properties

January 15, 2020
David G. Goodwin, Coralie Bernard, Xiaohong Gu, Mat Celina, Marc R. Nyden, Deborah S. Jacobs, Li Piin Sung, Tinh Nguyen
Graphene oxide (GO) is a good nanofiller candidate for waterborne coatings because of its outstanding physical and mechanical properties, good dispersibility in water, and low cost. Here, we report on the performance of a one-part, water-borne polyurethane

Validating Predictive Models with Outdoor Data

October 17, 2019
Christopher C. White, Donald L. Hunston, Li Piin Sung, Hsiang C. Hsueh, Adam L. Pintar, Deborah S. Jacobs
The NIST service life prediction program has demonstrated success in producing validated predictions for the property change resulting from outdoor exposure for a range of polymer systems including Epoxy, Polyethylene, Polyester, Polyethylene terephthalate

Degradation of sunglasses filters after long-term irradiation within solar simulator

September 18, 2019
Deborah Jacobs, Mauro Masili, Fernanda O. Duarte, Liliane Ventura, Christopher C. White
In our previous investigations on sunglasses standards, limits and requirements have been suggested for ocular safety. In this paper we evaluate the degradation of the lenses (category and ultraviolet protection) as sunglasses are exposed to solar

Temperature and light intensity effects on the photodegradation of high-density polyethylene

May 11, 2019
Andrew W. Fairbrother, Hsiang C. Hsueh, Jae Hyun Kim, Deborah S. Jacobs, Lakesha N. Perry, David G. Goodwin, Christopher C. White, Stephanie S. Watson, Li Piin Sung
The photodegradation of polymers poses a serious challenge to their outdoor application, and results in significant financial loss due to early or unexpected system failure. A better understanding of their degradation kinetics aids the improvement of

Exposure Study on the Aging of PTFE and Ceramic Diffusers

February 6, 2019
Benjamin K. Tsai, Catherine C. Cooksey, David W. Allen, Christopher C. White, Walter E. Byrd, Deborah S. Jacobs
This paper describes efforts to quantify the effects of aging in the ultraviolet (UV) on polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and ceramic samples. Long term UV aging may significantly alter the reflectance factor and cause an error in the calibration of

Biophysical Characterization of Functionalized Titania Nanoparticles and Their Application in Dental Adhesives

February 2, 2017
Jirun Sun, Elijah J. Petersen, Stephanie S. Watson, Christopher M. Sims, Alexander Kassman, Stanislav A. Frukhtbeyn, Drago Skrtic, Meryem T. Ok, Deborah S. Jacobs, Qiang Ye, Bryant C. Nelson
It is demonstrated that carboxylic acid-functionalized titanium dioxide (TiO2) NPs produce significantly higher levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) after visible light irradiation (400–800 nm, 1600 mW/cm2) in comparison to nonfunctionalized TiO2 NPs

Tuning photo-catalytic activities of TiO2 nanoparticles using dimethacrylate resins

August 20, 2015
Jirun Sun, Stephanie S. Watson, David Allsopp, Deborah Jacobs, Drago Skrtic
Unique photo-catalytic activities (PCAs) of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) made them attractive in many potential applications for medical devices. This study examined the benefits of the PCAs of TiO2 NPs through functionalization of the TiO2


May 13, 2015
Christopher C. White, Kar T. Tan, Donald L. Hunston, Kristen L. Steffens, Deborah S. Jacobs, Bulent Akgun, Vogt D. Bryan
Moisture attack on adhesive joints is a long-standing scientific and engineering problem. A particularly interesting observation is that when the moisture level in certain systems exceeds a critical concentration, the bonded joint shows a dramatic loss of


March 11, 2015
Christopher C. White, Kar T. Tan, Donald L. Hunston, Aaron M. Forster, Deborah S. Jacobs
Accelerated and natural aging of safety films used in protective glazing systems was investigated by the use of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy and tensile tests. Accelerated conditions involved simultaneous

Investigating the Process of Surface Degradation and Nanoparticle Release of a Commercial Nanosilica / Polyurethane Coating Under UV Exposure

March 11, 2015
Deborah S. Jacobs, Yu L. Cheng, Savelas A. Rabb, Peter J. Krommenhoek, Lee L. Yu, Tinh Nguyen, Li Piin Sung
Considerable research has shown that many coatings properties such as mechanical, electrical, and ultra violet (UV) resistance are greatly enhanced by the addition of nanoparticles, which can potentially increase the use of nanocoatings for many outdoor

The DNA Damaging Potential of Photoactivated P25 Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles

September 30, 2014
Elijah Petersen, Vytas Reipa, Stephanie S. Watson, Deborah Jacobs, Savelas A. Rabb, Bryant C. Nelson
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) are found in numerous commercial and personal care products. Thus, it is necessary to understand and characterize their potential environmental health and safety risks. It is well known that photoactivated TiO2 NPs

Effect of Ozonation on Fungal Resistance of Bamboo and Oak

August 15, 2014
Chi Hoang, Tinh Nguyen, Deborah Jacobs, Andrew K. Persily, Richard Cosi
Wood is gaining increased interest as a renewable building material. However, color changes, chemical and microbiological degradation can occur when lignocellulosic materials are exposed to environmental stressors such as ozone and elevated humidity. In

Effects of Temperature on Surface Accumulation and Release of Silica Nanoparticles in an Epoxy Nanocoating Exposed to UV Radiation

June 16, 2014
Chun-Chieh Tien, Ching-Hsuan Chang, Bernard Hao-Chih Liu, Deborah Jacobs, Savelas A. Rabb, Lee L. Yu, Tinh Nguyen, Li Piin Sung
Polymer nanocoatings are increasingly used outdoors and in harsh environments. However, because most common polymers degraded by the weathering elements, nanoparticles in polymer nanocoatings may be released into the environments. Such nanoparticle release

A Quantitative Study of Nanoparticle Release from Nanocoatings Exposed to UV Radiation

April 7, 2014
Li Piin Sung, Deborah S. Jacobs, Justin M. Gorham, Savelas A. Rabb, Xiaohong Gu, Lee L. Yu, Tinh Nguyen
Nanoparticles are increasingly used in polymer coatings (i.e., nanocoatings) to improve multiple properties of traditional coatings such as mechanical, electrical, gas barrier, and UV resistance. These high performance nanocoatings are often used in

Impact of UV Irradiation on the Surface Chemistry and Structure of Multiwall Carbon Nanotube Epoxy Nanocomposites

December 6, 2013
Elijah Petersen, Thomas F. Lam, Justin Gorham, Keana Scott, Chris Long, Deborah Jacobs, Renu Sharma, James Alexander Liddle, Tinh Nguyen
One of the most promising applications of nanomaterials is as nanofillers to enhance the properties of polymeric materials. However, the effect of nanofillers on polymers subject to typical environmental stresses, such as ultraviolet (UV) radiation, high

Surface Chemical Transformations of UV irradiated Silica-Epoxy Nanocomposites

May 15, 2013
Justin M. Gorham, Tinh Nguyen, Deborah S. Jacobs, Coralie Bernard, Richard D. Holbrook
Silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) incorporated into a polymeric matrix, or silica nanocomposites (SiNCs), are used in a wide variety of commercially available products in numerous natural and artificial environments. Environmental factors, such as light, may

Photo-induced Surface Transformation of Silica Nanocomposites

June 22, 2012
Justin M. Gorham, Tinh Nguyen, Coralie Bernard, Deborah S. Jacobs, Richard D. Holbrook
The physicochemical, UV-induced surface modifications to silica nanoparticle (SiNP) - epoxy composites have been investigated. The silica nanocomposites (SiNCs) were prepared using a two-part epoxy system with 10 % mass fraction of SiNPs and exposed to