Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Effects of temperature and humidity on high-strength p-aramid fibers used in body armor

Published

Author(s)

Amy E. Engelbrecht-Wiggans, Faraz A. Burni, Emilien Guigues, Shefei Jiang, Vivian Yu, Thang Huynh, Zois Tsinas, Deborah Jacobs, Amanda L. Forster

Abstract

To improve the reliability and design of body armor, it is imperative to understand the failure modes and the degradation rates of the materials used in armor. Despite the best efforts of manufacturers, some vulnerability of armor materials to aging due to hydrolytic or oxidative environments is expected and may result in the degradation of material properties such as tensile strength. In this work, p-aramid yarns from two manufacturers were exposed to environmental conditions of various fixed temperature and humidity combinations. The maximum temperature and humidity condition was 70℃ and 76% relative humidity (RH). Tensile tests were performed on specimens extracted at several different times over the course of at least 1 year to determine the change in ultimate tensile strength and failure strain as a function of time, temperature, and humidity. Molecular spectroscopy was used to investigate any chemical changes as a result of the aging. The p-aramid materials were found to be generally resistant to degradation at most conditions, showing changes of less than 10% only at the highest temperature and humidity conditions.
Citation
Textile Research Journal

Keywords

aramid, body armor, aging

Citation

Engelbrecht-Wiggans, A. , Burni, F. , Guigues, E. , Jiang, S. , Yu, V. , Huynh, T. , Tsinas, Z. , Jacobs, D. and Forster, A. (2020), Effects of temperature and humidity on high-strength p-aramid fibers used in body armor, Textile Research Journal, [online], https://doi.org/10.1177/0040517520918232 (Accessed April 23, 2024)
Created April 14, 2020, Updated October 14, 2022