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Publications

Search Publications by

Rick D. Davis (Fed)

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 88

Characteristics of Nuclear Power Plant Fires Involving Electrical Enclosures

November 10, 2021
Author(s)
Isaac Leventon, Kenneth Hamburger, Kevin B. McGrattan, Rick D. Davis
PRIMARY AUDIENCE Fire protection and fire probabilistic risk assessment engineers conducting or reviewing fire modeling that supports fire probabilistic risk assessments related to characteristics (e.g., ignition, fire growth, and peak heat release rate)

Estimating the Impact of 16 CFR Part 1633 on Bed Fire Outcomes

November 18, 2020
Author(s)
Stanley W. Gilbert, David Butry, Rick D. Davis, Richard Gann
Effective July 1, 2007, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission promulgated a standard to severely reduce the heat release rate and the early heat output from mattresses and foundations when ignited by a flaming ignition source. This study estimates

The Roles of Standard Cigarettes in Assuring the Ignition Resistance of Soft Furnishings

November 18, 2020
Author(s)
Richard G. Gann, Ickchan Kim, Steven P. Lund, William F. Guthrie, Rick D. Davis
Regulations for cigarette ignition resistance (CIR) of soft furnishings (beds and upholstered furniture) and less fire-prone cigarettes have contributed substantially to the decrease in losses from cigarette-initiated fires over time. Two Standard

Reduced-Scale Test to Assess the Effect of Fire Barriers on the Flaming Combustion of Cored Composites: an Upholstery-Material Case Study

September 4, 2020
Author(s)
Mauro Zammarano, John R. Shields, Isaac T. Leventon, Ickchan Kim, Shonali Nazare, Andre L. Thompson, Rick D. Davis, Artur A. Chernovsky, Matthew F. Bundy
In this work, we describe a reduced-scale test (“Cube” test), based on cone calorimetry, measuring the fire performance (heat release rate, propensity to pool-fire formation, etc.) of composite specimens including a fire barrier (FB) and a flammable core

Estimating the Impact of 16 CFR Part 1633 on Bed Fire Outcomes

April 28, 2020
Author(s)
Stanley W. Gilbert, David T. Butry, Richard G. Gann, Rick D. Davis
Effective July 1, 2007, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission promulgated a Standard that would severely reduce the heat release rate and the early heat output from mattresses and foundations that had been ignited by a flaming ignition source

Environmental Friendly Flame Resistant Coatings for Soft Furnishing

May 1, 2019
Author(s)
Yeon S. Kim, Yu-Chin Li, John R. Shields, Rick D. Davis
Pending flammability regulations and scrutinizing of the environment and health consequences of fire retardants is creating opportunities for novel and “greener” technologies to reduce the flammability of residential furniture. This presentation will

Epoxy Composites Using Wood Pulp Components as Fillers

November 30, 2016
Author(s)
Douglas M. Fox, Noy Kaufman, Jeremiah W. Woodcock, Jeffrey W. Gilman, John R. Shields, Rick D. Davis, Szabolcs Matko, Mauro Zammarano, Chelsea S. Davis
The components of wood, especially lignin and cellulose, have great potential for improving the properties of polymer composites. In this chapter, we discuss some of the latest developments from our lab on incorporating wood based materials into epoxy

Smoldering and Flame Resistant Textiles via Conformal Barrier Formation

November 2, 2016
Author(s)
Mauro Zammarano, Shonali Nazare, John R. Shields, Kathleen M. Hoffman, Rick D. Davis
A durable and flexible silicone-based backcoating (halogen and formaldehyde free) is applied to the backside of an otherwise smoldering-prone and flammable fabric. When exposed to fire, cyclic siloxanes (produced by thermal decomposition of the backcoating

Assessing the Thermal Protective Performance of Fire Blocking Barrier Fabrics for Residential Upholstered Furniture: Report to Consumer Product Safety Commission for Interagency Agreement CPSC-I-13-0022

September 17, 2015
Author(s)
Shonali Nazare, John R. Shields, Szabolcs Matko, Rick D. Davis
Fire behavior of five barrier fabrics has been evaluated both, as an individual component and as a part of composite samples, using different test methods. The quantitative component test methods selected to characterize fire behavior of barrier fabrics

Results of barrier fabrics tested in an inverted configuration

August 5, 2015
Author(s)
Rick D. Davis, Shonali Nazare, Szabolcs Matko, William M. Pitts, Mauro Zammarano
The document will be used to facilitate discussions between California Bureau of Electronics and Appliance Repair, Home Furnishings, and Thermal Insulation (CBEARHFTI) and us (Fire Research Division (FRD) at the National Institute of Standards and

Evaluating smoldering behavior of fire-blocking barrier fabrics

January 29, 2015
Author(s)
Shonali Nazare, William M. Pitts, Szabolcs Matko, Rick D. Davis
This study reports on the smoldering propensity of commercially available barrier fabrics (BFs) in a small-scale mock-up configuration. Most BFs are smolder resistant when tested alone over a standard flexible polyurethane foam (FPUF). However, when

Evaluating Smoldering Behavior of Fire-Blocking Barrier Fabrics

January 29, 2015
Author(s)
Shonali Nazare, William M. Pitts, Szabolcs Matko, Rick D. Davis
This study reports on the smoldering propensity of commercially available barrier fabrics (BFs) in a small-scale upholstered seating mock-up configuration. Most commercially available BFs are smolder resistant when tested alone over a standard flexible

DNA-based Nanocomposite Bio-Coatings for Fire Retarding Polyurethane Foam

May 2, 2014
Author(s)
Yu-Chin Li, Yeon S. Kim, John R. Shields, Rick D. Davis
Layer-by-Layer (LbL) assembled multilayer thin films of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), chitosan (CHI), and montmorillonite (MMT), were studied in an effort to produce fully renewable, bio-based fire retardant coatings for flexible polyurethane foam. The PUF