Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Publications

Search Publications by

Vytas Reipa (Fed)

Search Title, Abstract, Conference, Citation, Keyword or Author
Displaying 1 - 25 of 66

Small Angle Neutron Scattering Measurement of Silicon Nanoparticle Size Distribution

October 12, 2021
Author(s)
Jonghoon Choi, Shih-Huang Tung, Nam S. Wang, Vytas Reipa
We have determined the particle size distribution profiles of octane terminated silicon nanoparticle suspensions, produced using the sonication of electrochemically etched Si wafer. Small angle neutron scattering data was analyzed separately in the high (0

Resources for developing reliable and reproducible in vitro test methods

September 29, 2021
Author(s)
Elijah Petersen, Vytas Reipa, Menghang Xia, Monita Sharma
A broad range of in vitro test methods have been developed given their numerous potential advantages over in vivo tests. We describe here key resources and tools to increase the reliability and reproducibility of in vitro test methods.

Preparation, Characterization, and Biological Activity of Stability-Enhanced Polyethyleneimine-Conjugated Gold Nanoparticles (Au-PEI@NIST) for Biological Application

September 16, 2021
Author(s)
Tae Joon Cho, Vincent A. Hackley, Feng Yi, David A. LaVan, Vytas Reipa, Alessandro Tona, Bryant C. Nelson, Christopher Sims, Natalia Farkas
In this special publication, we report on a modified synthetic process that results in a stable suspension of Au-PEI nanoparticles, Au-PEI@NIST. Synthesized materials were characterized using an orthogonal approach that included dynamic light scattering

The Impact and Fate of Graphene Oxide in Graphene Oxide/Polymer Nanocomposites Exposed to Ultraviolet Irradiation

August 11, 2020
Author(s)
David G. Goodwin, Trinny Lai, Yadong Lyu, Chen Yuan Lu, Alejandro Campos, Vytautas Reipa, Tinh Nguyen, Li Piin Sung
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation, heat and moisture can lead to polymer degradation outdoors but the effect of graphene oxide (GO) nanofiller incorporation on this process is unknown. Since GO can improve the mechanical, barrier, and thermal properties of a

Agglomeration of Escherichia coli with positively charged nanoparticles can lead to artifacts in a standard Caenorhabditis elegans toxicity assay

April 19, 2018
Author(s)
Shannon Hanna, Antonio Montoro Bustos, Alexander W. Peterson, Vytas Reipa, Leona D. Scanlan, Sanem Hosbas Coskun, Tae Joon Cho, Monique Johnson, Vincent A. Hackley, Bryant C. Nelson, Michael R. Winchester, John T. Elliott, Elijah Petersen
The increased use and incorporation of engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) in consumer products requires a robust assessment of their potential environmental implications. However, a lack of standardized methods for nanotoxicity testing has yielded results

Acid-induced and pH-controlled Reversible Switching of Broad-Spectrum Antibacterial Activity

February 13, 2018
Author(s)
Yin Y. Nelson, Vytautas Reipa, Xiaohong Wang, Kenneth Mineart, Vivek M. Prabhu, Nancy J. Lin, Jirun Sun
Bacterial resistance to antimicrobials is threatening millions of human lives due to indiscriminate overuse and environmental build-up of antibiotics. We present the smart regulation of antibacterial activity in biologically relevant conditions to reduce

Controlled Potential Electrooxidation of Genomic DNA

January 11, 2018
Author(s)
Vytautas Reipa, Donald H. Atha, Sanem Hosbas Coskun, Christopher M. Sims, Bryant C. Nelson
Exposure of mammalian cells to oxidative stress can result in DNA damage that adversely affects many cell processes. We used bulk electrolysis in an electrochemical system and gas chromatographic mass spectrometric analysis (GC/MS/MS) to control and

Redox-active Nanomaterials for Nanomedicine Applications

October 6, 2017
Author(s)
Christopher Sims, Shannon Hanna, Daniel A. Heller, Christopher Horoszko, Monique Johnson, Antonio Montoro Bustos, Vytas Reipa, Kathryn Riley, Bryant C. Nelson
Nanomedicine utilizes the remarkable properties of nanomaterials for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Many of these nanomaterials have been shown to have robust antioxidative properties, potentially functioning as strong scavengers of

The Comet Assay: Methods for Quantitative Image Analysis and Reproducibility

September 1, 2016
Author(s)
Donald H. Atha, Signe Braafladt, Vytautas Reipa
The comet assay,or single cell gel electrophoresis,is a sensitive and efficient technique for analyzing DNA damage in the form of single and double strand breaks in single cells. DNA alteration,from strand breaks,can lead to cancer and other health risks

Quantification of carbon nanotubes in environmental matrices: Current capabilities, case studies, and future improvements

April 6, 2016
Author(s)
Elijah J. Petersen, D. X. Flores-Cervantes, Thomas Bucheli, Lindsay C. Elliott, Jeffrey A. Fagan, Alexander Gogos, Shannon Hanna, Antonio R. Montoro Bustos, Desiree L. Plata, Vytautas Reipa, Paul Westerhoff, Michael R. Winchester, Elisabeth Mansfield
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have numerous exciting potential applications approaching commercialization. As such, quantitative measurements of CNTs in key environmental matrices (water, soil, sediment, and biological tissues) are needed to address concerns

The DNA Damaging Potential of Photoactivated P25 Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles

September 30, 2014
Author(s)
Elijah Petersen, Vytas Reipa, Stephanie S. Watson, Deborah Jacobs, Savelas A. Rabb, Bryant C. Nelson
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) are found in numerous commercial and personal care products. Thus, it is necessary to understand and characterize their potential environmental health and safety risks. It is well known that photoactivated TiO2 NPs

Probing the intracellular glutathione redox potential using in-cell NMR spectroscopy

January 2, 2014
Author(s)
Steve Y. Rhieu, Aaron A. Urbas, Daniel W. Bearden, John P. Marino, Vytautas Reipa, Katrice A. Lippa
Non-invasive and real-time analysis of cellular redox processes has been greatly hampered by lack of suitable measurement techniques. Here we describe an in-cell nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based method for measuring the intracellular glutathione

Quantitative measurements of glutathione in yeast cell lysate using 1H NMR

February 20, 2013
Author(s)
Steve Y. Rhieu, Aaron A. Urbas, Katrice Lippa, Vytas Reipa
A method for quantifying the level of glutathione (GSH) in yeast cell lysate is described using 1H NMR analysis. For quantification purposes, the 1H resonances corresponding to the Cys βCH2 of GSH were identified as having the fewest overlapping spectral

Physicochemical characterization and in vitro hemolysis evaluation of silver nanoparticles

June 7, 2011
Author(s)
Vytautas Reipa, Jonghoon Choi, Nam S. Wang, Victoria M. Hitchins, Peter L. Goering, Robert Malinauskas
In anticipation of the increased use of various forms of silver as an antimicrobial agent in medical devices, the objective of this study was to evaluate the in vitro hemolytic potential of silver nanoparticles in dilute human blood, and to relate particle

Nanomaterial Toxicity: Emerging Standards and Efforts to Support Standards Development

February 1, 2011
Author(s)
Laurie E. Locascio, Vytautas Reipa, Justin M. Zook, Richard C. Pleus
For the first time in the history of industrialization, nanotechnology offers the unique opportunity to consider material safety ahead of its full implementation. Many scientists around the world have been motivated by this and are working on developing