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Displaying 26 - 50 of 1927

Disinfection of Respirators with Ultraviolet Radiation

March 25, 2022
Dianne L. Poster, Matthew Hardwick, C Cameron Miller, Michael A. Riley, W. W. Shanaka I. Rodrigo, Andras E. Vladar, John D. Wright, Christopher D. Zangmeister, Clarence Zarobila, Jeremy Starkweather, John Wynne, Jason Yilzarde
Data for interpreting virus inactivation on N95 face filtering respirators (FFRs) by ultraviolet (UV) radiation are important in developing UV strategies for N95 FFR disinfection and reuse for any situation, whether it be everyday practices, contingency

Models for an Ultraviolet-C Research and Development Consortium

March 25, 2022
Dianne L. Poster, C Cameron Miller, Yaw S. Obeng, John J. Kasianowicz, Michael T. Postek, Norman Horn, Troy Cowan, Richard Martinello
The development of an international, precompetitive, collaborative, ultraviolet (UV) research consortium is discussed as an opportunity to lay the groundwork for a new UV commercial industry and the supply chain to support this industry. History has

Influence of Dimensionality on the Charge Density Wave Phase of 2H-TaSe2

March 23, 2022
Sugata Chowdhury, Albert Rigosi, Heather Hill, David B. Newell, Angela R. Hight Walker, Francesca Tavazza, Andrew Briggs
Metallic transition metal dichalcogenides like tantalum diselenide (TaSe2) exhibit exciting behaviors at low temperatures including the emergence of charge density wave (CDW) states. In this work, density functional theory (DFT) is used to classify the

NIST Time and Frequency Bulletin

March 17, 2022
Kelsey Rodriguez
The Time and Frequency Bulletin provides information on performance of time scales and a variety of broadcasts (and related information) to users of the NIST services.

Negative quasiprobabilities enhance phase estimation in quantum-optics experiment

March 1, 2022
Noah Lupu-Gladstein, Y. Batuhan Yilmaz, David Arvidsson-Shukur, Aharon Brodutch, Arthur Pang, Aephraim Steinberg, Nicole Halpern
Operator noncommutation, a hallmark of quantum theory, limits measurement precision, according to uncertainty principles. Wielded correctly, though, noncommutation can boost precision. A recent foundational result relates a metrological advantage with

Erratum: Collisions of room temperature helium with ultra-cold lithium and the van-der-Waals bound state of HeLi [Phys. Rev. A 101, 012702 (2020)]

February 28, 2022
Constantinos Makrides, Daniel Barker, James A. Fedchak, Julia Scherschligt, Stephen Eckel, Eite Tiesinga
We have found an error in the computation of the thermally-averaged total elastic rate coefficient for the collision of a room-temperature helium atom with an ultra-cold lithium atom presented. We omitted the factor $2/\sqrt\pi}$ in the normalization over

Characterization Method of Ionization Chamber Type Detectors

February 25, 2022
Leticia Pibida, Ronaldo Minniti, Miles McCord
A wide variability in accuracy exists among commercial radiation detection instruments used to measure exposure rate or ambient dose equivalent rate. These instruments are used to measure both the radiation background and the radiation field produced by

Toward a New Primary Standardization of Radionuclide Massic Activity Using Microcalorimetry and Quantitative Milligram-Scale Samples

February 24, 2022
Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Bradley Alpert, Dan Becker, Denis E. Bergeron, Richard Essex, Kelsey Morgan, Svetlana Nour, Galen O'Neil, Dan Schmidt, Gordon A. Shaw, Daniel Swetz, R. Michael Verkouteren, Daikang Yan
We present a new paradigm for the primary standardization of radionuclide activity per mass of solution (Bq/g). Two key enabling capabilities are 4π decay-energy spectrometry using chip-scale sub-Kelvin microcalorimeters and direct realization of mass by

Joint Determination of Reactor Antineutrino Spectra from 235U and 239Pu Fission using the Daya Bay and PROSPECT Experiments

February 22, 2022
Hans Pieter Mumm, Denis E. Bergeron, Mark Tyra, Svetlana Nour, Jerome LaRosa, The PROSPECT Collaboration
A joint determination of the reactor antineutrino spectra resulting from the fission of 235U and 239Pu has been carried out by the Daya Bay and PROSPECT collaborations. This letter defines the level of compatibility of 235U spectrum measurements from the

Joint Measurement of the 235U Antineutrino Spectrum with PROSPECT and STEREO

February 22, 2022
Hans Pieter Mumm, Denis E. Bergeron, Mark Tyra, Jerome LaRosa, Svetlana Nour, PROSPECT collaboration, STEREO collaboration
The PROSPECT and STEREO collaborations present a combined measurement of the pure 235U antineutrino spectrum, with site specific corrections and effects dependent on the separate detectors removed. The spectral measurements of the two highest-precision

The Crane Operator's Tricks and other Shenanigans with a Pendulum

February 18, 2022
Stephan Schlamminger, Leon Chao, David B. Newell, Vincent Lee
The dynamics of a swinging payload suspended from a stationary crane can be described as a simple pendulum, typically an unwelcome phenomenon on a construction site. An experienced crane operator can deliver a swinging payload and stop dead on target in a

Nuclear Data to Reduce Uncertainties in Reactor Antineutrino Measurements

February 16, 2022
Hans Pieter Mumm, Catherine Romano, Nathaniel Bowden, Andrew Conant, Bethany Goldblum, Patrick Huber, Jonathan Link, Bryce Littlejohn, Juan Pedro Ochoa-Ricoux, Shikha Prasad, Catherine Riddle, Alejandro Sonzogni, William Wieselquist
The large quantities of antineutrinos produced through the decay of fission fragments in nuclear reactors provide an opportunity to study the properties of these particles and to investigate their use in reactor monitoring. The reactor antineutrino spectra

Silicone tube humidity generator

February 16, 2022
Robert F. Berg, ,
We describe the model and construction of a two-flow (or divided-flow) humidity generator, developed at LNE-CNAM, that uses mass flow controllers to mix a stream of dry gas with a stream of humid gas saturated at 28 °C. It can generate a wide range of

Experimental observation of thermalisation with noncommuting charges

February 9, 2022
Florian Kranzl, Aleksander Lasek, Manoj Joshi, Amir Kalev, Rainer Blatt, Christian Roos, Nicole Halpern
Quantum simulators have recently enabled experimental observations of quantum many-body systems' internal thermalisation. Often, the global energy and particle number are conserved, and the system is prepared with a well-defined particle number—in a

Intermediate spin pair relaxation through modulation of isotropic hyperfine interaction in frequency-swept spin-dependent recombination in 4H-SiC

February 7, 2022
James Ashton, Brian Manning, Stephen Moxim, Fedor Sharov, Patrick Lenahan, Jason Ryan
Electrically detected magnetic resonance (EDMR) measurements have been extended to sub-mT measurements through utilization of frequency sweeping of the oscillating magnetic field, where conventional electron paramagnetic resonance-based measurements
Displaying 26 - 50 of 1927