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Displaying 1 - 25 of 2373


June 15, 2021
Jodie Gail Pope, Aaron Johnson, James Filla, Vern E. Bean, Michael R. Moldover, Joey Boyd, Christopher J. Crowley, Iosif Isaakovich Shinder, Keith A. Gillis, John D. Wright
We describe the 15 kg/s water flow calibration standard operated by the Fluid Metrology Group of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to calibrate liquid flow meters for customers. The 15 kg/s standard is a dynamic, gravimetric, liquid

Metrological Traceability Frequently Asked Questions and NIST Policy

May 6, 2021
Sally Bruce, Antonio Possolo, Robert Watters
The NIST policy on metrological traceability (NIST P 5800.00, which became effective on May 31st, 2019) is transcribed and supplemented with a review of relevant terminology and with a list of frequently asked questions and answers. This list updates and

Report of the 104th National Conference on Weights and Measures

May 3, 2021
Yvonne Branden
The 104th Annual Meeting of the National Conference on Weights and Measures (NCWM) was held July 14 - 18, 2019, at the Hyatt Regency Milwaukee Hotel, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The theme of the meeting was "Assuring Equity in the Marketplace: NIST and NCWM

Distributed fiber optic measurements of strain and temperature in long-span composite floor beams with simple shear connections subject to compartment fires

May 1, 2021
Yanping Zhu, Matthew Klegseth, Yi Bao, Matthew Hoehler, Lisa Y. Choe, Genda Chen
This study explores an instrumentation strategy using distributed fiber optic sensors to measure strain and temperature through the concrete volume in large-scale structures. Single-mode optical fibers were deployed in three 12.8 m long steel and concrete

NIST on a Chip: Photonic and Quantum-Based Sensors for Measurements of Pressure, Vacuum, Temperature and Beyond!

April 29, 2021
Jay H. Hendricks, Zeeshan Ahmed, Daniel Barker, Stephen Eckel, James A. Fedchak, Nikolai Klimov, Julia Scherschligt
At the core of the NIST on a Chip (NoAC) program is the idea that measurement technology can be developed to enable metrology to be done "outside the National Metrology Institute" by virtue of deployed and often miniaturized standards (that can also serve

Accurate measurement of the through-plane water content of proton-exchange membranes using neutron radiography

April 21, 2021
Daniel S. Hussey, David L. Jacobson, Dusan Spernjak, Adam Weber, Rangachary Mukundan, Joseph Fairweather, Eric Brosha, John Davey, Jacob Spendelow, Rodney Borup
The water sorption of proton-exchange membranes (PEMs) was measured in situ using high-resolution neutron imaging in small-scale fuel-cell test sections. A detailed characterization of the measurement uncertainties and corrections associated with the

Evaluations of a Detector-Limited Digital Impedance Bridge

April 6, 2021
Mona S. Feige, Stephan Schlamminger, Yicheng Wang
We tested a simple digital impedance bridge using two nominally equal resistors to form a 1:1 ratio. We focused on resolution and stability of the detectors. Fluctuations of the source voltages were largely removed through postprocessing of the digitized

Optimizing optical precision of an image using curved focal plane technology

March 14, 2021
Sujay Swain, Sudhish Swain, Dianne L. Poster, Michael T. Postek
The quality of an image captured by the human eye is typically better than that obtained relative to artificial images created by cameras or telescopes. This is because humans have curved retinas. In contrast, conventional imaging cameras have at sensors

Broadband thermomechanically limited sensing with an optomechanical accelerometer

March 9, 2021
Feng Zhou, Yiliang Bao, Ramgopal Madugani, David Long, Jason Gorman, Thomas W. LeBrun
Cavity optomechanics has enabled precision measurements with unprecedented levels of sensitivity, including the detection of attonewton forces, nanoparticles, magnetic fields, and gravitational waves. In most cases, detection is performed in a narrow

Comparative study of multiwall carbon nanotube nanocomposites by Raman, SEM, and XPS measurement techniques

March 3, 2021
Yanmei Piao, Vipin Tondare, Chelsea S. Davis, Justin Gorham, Elijah Petersen, Jeffrey W. Gilman, Keana Scott, Andras Vladar, Angela R. Hight Walker
Substantial ongoing research efforts are investigating the production of novel composite material enhanced by the incorporation of nanomaterial fillers such as multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). While the addition of MWCNTs have been shown to improve the

Design of an electrostatic balance to measure optical power of 100 kW

February 19, 2021
Lorenz H. Keck, Gordon Shaw, Renee Theska, Stephan Schlamminger
To accommodate the need for increased portability and accuracy in laser power measurement instrumentation above 100 Watt at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), a new instrument is required. This instrument is intended to create a new

Redefining the kilogram and other SI units

February 10, 2021
Stephan Schlamminger
Units are at the heart of science and technology. Most measurements require units to express their result. The International System of Units (SI) provides a widely used coherent framework of units. While the present SI is fit for purpose for all

National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan 2020

February 9, 2021
Heather M. Evans, Kristen Greene, William M. Healy, Elizabeth A. Hoffman, Catherine A. Rimmer, Anna V. Sberegaeva, Neil M. Zimmerman
The 2020 National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan provides an analysis of key external factors that could impact NIST and the fulfillment of its mission in coming years. The analyses were conducted through four separate lenses

Technology Readiness Levels for Randomized Bin Picking, Performance Metrics for Intelligent Systems (PerMIS) 2012 Workshop, Special Session

February 8, 2021
Jeremy Marvel, Roger D. Eastman, Geraldine S. Cheok, Kamel S. Saidi, Tsai H. Hong, Elena R. Messina, Bob Bollinger, Paul Evans, Joyce Guthrie, Eric Hershberger, Carlos Martinez, Karen McNamara, James Wells
The special session on Technology Readiness Levels (TRLs) for Randomized Bin Picking was held during the morning session of the 2012 Performance Metrics for Intelligent Systems (PerMIS) workshop, 21 March, 2012. The stated objective of the special session

A system of quantities from software metrology

January 15, 2021
David Flater
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 80000, the International System of Quantities, collects and organizes the most important physical quantities into a coherent system of quantities whose

Comparison of primary laser spectroscopy and mass spectrometry methods for measuring mass concentration of gaseous elemental mercury

December 10, 2020
Abneesh Srivastava, Stephen E. Long, James E. Norris, Colleen E. Bryan Sallee, Jennifer Carney, Joseph Hodges
We present a direct comparison between two independent methods for the measurement of gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) mass concentration: isotope dilution cold-vapor inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ID-CV-ICP-MS) and laser absorption

Certification of Standard Reference Material(R) 1992 / ERM(R)-FD305 Zeta Potential – Colloidal Silica (Nominal Mass Fraction 0.15 %)

November 24, 2020
Yannic Ramaye, Vikram Kestens, J. Charoud-Got, S. Mazoua, G. Auclair, Tae Joon Cho, Blaza Toman, Vincent A. Hackley, T. Linsinger
This report describes the production of SRM 1992/ERM-FD305, silica particles suspended in a borate buffer, certified for electrophoretic mobility and zeta potential by electrophoretic light scattering (ELS). This material was produced following ISO 17034
Displaying 1 - 25 of 2373