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Displaying 1 - 25 of 2459

Calculation of magnetic forces and torques on the Kibble coil

October 22, 2022
Author(s)
Stephan Schlamminger, Lorenz Keck, Frank Seifert, Leon Chao, Darine El Haddad, Shisong Li
Analytically the force and torques on a coil in a field of magnetic flux density can be calculated one of two ways. The line integral can be conducted along the coil's wire, summing up the differential force contribution. For each differential line segment

2022 NCWM-NIST National Survey on 20 lb LPG (Propane) Cylinders

October 19, 2022
Author(s)
David Sefcik, Katrice Lippa, N. Alan Heckert, Stephen Benjamin, Ivan Hankins, Don Onwiler
The National Conference on Weights and Measures (NCWM) in partnership and cooperation with the NIST Office of Weights and Measures (OWM) and the Weights and Measures Divisions of select U.S. States initiated the 2022 National Survey on 20 lb LPG (Propane)

Energy Broadening of Neutron Depth Profiles by Thin Polyamide Films

September 7, 2022
Author(s)
Jamie Weaver, Robert Gregory Downing, Anna Job, Kedar Manandhar, Ichiro Takeuchi
A protective covering is often required for neutron depth profiling (NDP) measurements of sensitive materials (e.g., Li-ion batteries). Addition of this layer can increase NDP profile energy broadening and depth assignment uncertainty. This study evaluates

Improved Uranium Particle Analysis by SIMS using O3- Primary Ions

September 6, 2022
Author(s)
Evan Groopman, Todd Williamson, David S. Simons
We have investigated the use of negative molecular oxygen primary ion beams (i.e., O2- and O3-) to determine the benefits of using such beams for uranium particle SIMS analyses. Typically, O- is the most practical negative primary ion species for both age

Overcoming Technological Barriers in Microfluidics: Leakage Testing

September 1, 2022
Author(s)
Vania Silverio, Suvajyoti Guha, Armelle Keiser, Rucha Natu, Darwin Reyes-Hernandez, Henne van Heeren, Nicolas Verplanck, Luke Herbertson
The miniaturization of laboratory procedures for Lab-on-Chip (LoC) devices and translation to various platforms such as single cell analysis or Organ-on-Chip (OoC) systems are revolutionizing the life sciences and biomedical fields. As a result

Diffuse Visual Transmission Density

August 17, 2022
Author(s)
Clarence Zarobila, Robert E. Vest, Maria E. Nadal
This document, SP250-99 (2022), NIST Measurement Services: Diffuse Visual Transmission Density, describes the instrument used to measure diffuse visual transmission density of both x-ray and photographic film step tablets. These step tablets replace former

Prototype of high accuracy single input phase measurement instrument

August 2, 2022
Author(s)
Nicholas G. Paulter Jr., Ioan Tudosa, Francesco Picariello, Pasquale Daponte, Luca De Vito, Sergio Rapuano
A prototype implementation of a phase measurement method (PMM) for a sine-wave signal delivered at the output port of a generator and its experimental assessment is presented. This PMM is capable of measuring the output phase of a sine-wave signal respect

The Expanding Role of National Metrology Institutes in the Quantum Era

July 12, 2022
Author(s)
Alexander Tzalenchuk, Nicolas Spethmann, Tim Prior, Jay H. Hendricks, Yijie Pan, Vladimir Bubanja, Guilherme Temporao, Dai-Hyuk Yu, Damir Ilic, Barbara L. Goldstein
Now that all base units are defined in terms of fundamental constants and can thus — at least in principle — be realized anytime and anywhere, rather than through a measurement chain leading back to unique physical artefacts, who holds the traceability

Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopic Detection of Ethanol: A Side-by-Side Comparison of ZnO and HKUST-1 MOFs as Sensing Media

June 25, 2022
Author(s)
Papa Amoah, Pentao Lin, Zeinab Mohammed Hassan, Rhonda Franklin, Engelbert Redel, Helmut Baumgart, Yaw S. Obeng
Changes in the chemo-electrical intrinsic properties of metal-oxide materials (MO) are commonly used as the basis of gas sensors. The most common gas sensors are based on chemically induced changes in electrical resistivity which necessarily involve making

Design of an electrostatic feedback for an experiment to measure G

June 20, 2022
Author(s)
Stephan Schlamminger, Leon Chao, Vincent Lee, David B. Newell, Clive Speake
The torsion pendulum at the heart of the BIPM apparatus to measure the gravitational constant, $G$, is used to measure the gravitational torque between source and test-mass assemblies with two methods. In the Cavendish method, the pendulum moves freely. In

Generalized Electrical Substitution Methods and Detectors for Absolute Optical Power Measurements

June 17, 2022
Author(s)
Solomon I. Woods, Jorge Neira, James E. Proctor, Joseph P. Rice, Nathan Tomlin, Malcolm White, Michelle Stephens, John H. Lehman
We have developed generalized methods for electrical substitution optical measurements, as well as cryogenic detectors which can be used to implement them. The new methods enable measurement of arbitrary periodic waveforms by an electrical substitution

A New Spin on Kibble: A Self Calibrating Torque Realization Device at NIST

June 3, 2022
Author(s)
Zane Comden, Stephan Schlamminger, Charles Waduwarage Perera, Frank Seifert, David B. Newell, Jay H. Hendricks, Barbara L. Goldstein, Leon Chao
After the 2019 redefinition of the International System of Units (SI), torque no longer needs to be traceable to a calibrated weight suspended from a known lever arm. Specifically, a modification of the Kibble principle used for realizing the kilogram
Displaying 1 - 25 of 2459