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Displaying 1 - 25 of 2421

A New Spin on Kibble: A Self Calibrating Torque Realization Device at NIST

June 3, 2022
Zane Comden, Stephan Schlamminger, Charles Waduwarage Perera, Frank Seifert, David B. Newell, Jay H. Hendricks, Barbara L. Goldstein, Leon Chao
After the 2019 redefinition of the International System of Units (SI), torque no longer needs to be traceable to a calibrated weight suspended from a known lever arm. Specifically, a modification of the Kibble principle used for realizing the kilogram

Disinfection of Respirators with Ultraviolet Radiation

March 25, 2022
Dianne L. Poster, Matthew Hardwick, C Cameron Miller, Michael A. Riley, W. W. Shanaka I. Rodrigo, Andras E. Vladar, John D. Wright, Christopher D. Zangmeister, Clarence Zarobila, Jeremy Starkweather, John Wynne, Jason Yilzarde
Data for interpreting virus inactivation on N95 face filtering respirators (FFRs) by ultraviolet (UV) radiation are important in developing UV strategies for N95 FFR disinfection and reuse for any situation, whether it be everyday practices, contingency

Models for an Ultraviolet-C Research and Development Consortium

March 25, 2022
Dianne L. Poster, C Cameron Miller, Yaw S. Obeng, John J. Kasianowicz, Michael T. Postek, Norman Horn, Troy Cowan, Richard Martinello
The development of an international, precompetitive, collaborative, ultraviolet (UV) research consortium is discussed as an opportunity to lay the groundwork for a new UV commercial industry and the supply chain to support this industry. History has

The Irradiance Instrument Subsystem (IRIS) on the Airborne-Lunar Spectral Irradiance (Air-LUSI) Instrument

March 23, 2022
Steven Grantham, Thomas C. Larason, Clarence Zarobila, Stephen Maxwell, John T. Woodward IV, Kevin Turpie, S. Andrew Gadsden
The objective of the airborne LUnar Spectral Irradiance (air-LUSI) project is to make low uncertainty, SI-traceable measurements of the lunar spectral irradiance in the visible to near-infrared (VNIR) region from an aircraft above most of the optically

ZKASP: ZKP-based Attestation of Software Possession for Measuring Instruments

March 9, 2022
Luis Brandao, Carlos Galhardo, Rene Peralta
Software-controlled measuring instruments used in commercial transactions, such as fuel dispensers and smart meters, are sometimes subject to "memory replacement" attacks. Cybercriminals replace the approved software by a malicious one that then tampers

Negative quasiprobabilities enhance phase estimation in quantum-optics experiment

March 1, 2022
Noah Lupu-Gladstein, Y. Batuhan Yilmaz, David Arvidsson-Shukur, Aharon Brodutch, Arthur Pang, Aephraim Steinberg, Nicole Halpern
Operator noncommutation, a hallmark of quantum theory, limits measurement precision, according to uncertainty principles. Wielded correctly, though, noncommutation can boost precision. A recent foundational result relates a metrological advantage with

Toward a New Primary Standardization of Radionuclide Massic Activity Using Microcalorimetry and Quantitative Milligram-Scale Samples

February 24, 2022
Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Bradley Alpert, Dan Becker, Denis E. Bergeron, Richard Essex, Kelsey Morgan, Svetlana Nour, Galen O'Neil, Dan Schmidt, Gordon A. Shaw, Daniel Swetz, R. Michael Verkouteren, Daikang Yan
We present a new paradigm for the primary standardization of radionuclide activity per mass of solution (Bq/g). Two key enabling capabilities are 4π decay-energy spectrometry using chip-scale sub-Kelvin microcalorimeters and direct realization of mass by

KEY COMPARISON - Instrumented Charpy tests on low- and high-energy specimens

February 18, 2022
Enrico Lucon, Renato Reis Machado
This report describes a CIPM Key Comparison through the SIM/MWG-7 organization, concerning instrumented impact testing of low-energy (20 J) and high-energy (100 J) Charpy V-notch specimens. In this Comparison, various instrumented and non-instrumented data

New reference materials for trace-levels of actinide elements in plutonium

January 27, 2022
Richard Essex, Lav Tandon, Amy Gaffney, Cole Hexel, Debbie Bostick, Lisa Colletti, Diana Decker, Casey Finstad, Joseph Giaquinito, Elmer Lujan, John Partridge, Benjamin Roach, John Rolinson, Kyle Samperton, Alice Slemmons, Khalil Spencer, Floyd Stanley, Lisa Townsend, Kerri Treinen, Ross Williams, Christopher Worley
Two plutonium oxides were prepared as unique reference materials for actinides occurring as trace constituents in Pu. Each reference material unit is approximately 200 mg of PuO2 in a quartz glass vial. Characterized attributes of the oxides included mass

AbsorbanceQ: An App for Generating Absorbance Images from Brightfield Images

January 4, 2022
Stephen Zimmerman, Carl Simon Jr., Greta Babakhanova
The AbsorbanceQ app converts brightfield microscope images into absorbance images that can be analyzed and compared across different operators, microscopes and time. Absorbance-based measurements are comparable, which is useful when the aim is to

Mixture model analysis of Transition Edge Sensor pulse height spectra

December 9, 2021
Kevin J. Coakley, Jolene D. Splett, Thomas Gerrits
To calibrate an optical transition edge sensor, for each pulse of the light source (e.g., pulsed laser), one must determine the ratio of the expected number of photons that deposit energy and the expected number of photons created by the laser. Based on

HDX-MS and MD simulations provide evidence for stabilization of the IgG1- FcgRIa (CD64a) immune complex through intermolecular glycoprotein bonds

December 8, 2021
Kyle Anderson, Kerry Scott, Christina Bergonzo, Ioannis Karageorgos, Elyssia Gallagher, Venkata Tayi, Michael Butler, Jeffrey W. Hudgens
Previous reports present different models for the stabilization of the Fc—FcγRI immune complex. Although accord exists on the importance of L235 in IgG1 and some hydrophobic contacts for complex stabilization, discord exists regarding the existence of
Displaying 1 - 25 of 2421