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NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 1560

A Measurement-Referenced Error Vector Magnitude for Counterfeit Cellular Device Detection

October 17, 2023
Ameya Ramadurgakar, Kate Remley, Dylan Williams, Jake Rezac, MELINDA PIKET-MAY, Rob Horansky
Standard formulations of error vector magnitude compare a wireless device's symbol constellation to an ideal reference constellation. In this work, we utilize the residual error vector magnitude, which uses measurements of a wireless device to define a

NIST's Antenna Gain and Polarization Calibration Service Reinstatement

October 9, 2023
Josh Gordon, Benjamin Moser
After a five-year renovation of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Boulder, CO, antenna measurement facility, the Antenna On-Axis Gain and Polarization Measurements Service SKU63100S was reinstated with the Bureau International des

Synthetic Aperture RF Reception using Rydberg Atoms

August 2, 2023
Nik Prajapati, Aly Artusio-Glimpse, Matt Simons, Samuel Berweger, Drew Rotunno, Maitreyi Jayaseelan, Kaleb Campbell, Christopher L. Holloway
Rydberg atoms show great promise for use as self-calibrated electric field sensors for a broad range of frequencies. Their response is traceable to the international system of units making them a valuable tool for a variety of applications including

An ultra-low noise bipolar current source

June 6, 2023
Ian Spielman, Alessandro Restelli, Mingshu Zhao, Junheng Tao, Qiyu Liang
The precise control of dc magnetic fields is crucial in wide range of experimental platforms, from ultracold quantum gases, nuclear magnetic resonance, to precision measurements. In each of these cases the Zeeman effect causes quantum states to shift in

Preparing for 6G: Developing best practices and standards for industrial measurements of low-loss dielectrics

May 23, 2023
Lucas Enright, Marzena Olszewska-Placha, Michael Hill, Say Phommakesone, Daisuke Kato, Charles Hill, Hanna Kahari, Chiawen Lee, Chang-Sheng Chen, Nate Orloff, Malgorzata Celuch, Urmi Ray
With growing interest in millimeter-wave (mmWave, 30 GHz – 300 GHz) technologies, researchers and manufacturers need standard reference materials and best practices for measurement validation, material acceptance, and quality assurance. Today, there is no

On Predistortion Filtering for Switched Beamforming With Phased-Array Antennas

March 26, 2023
Jack Chuang, Camillo Gentile
In recent work, we proposed sweeping the antennas of phased arrays and beamforming in postprocessing – what we coined switched beamforming – instead of sweeping beams through analog beamforming – what the arrays are designed for. Not only is it orders of

Scalable Modeling of Human Blockage at Millimeter-Wave: A Comprehensive Analysis of Knife-Edge Diffraction, the Uniform Theory of Diffraction, and Physical Optics Against 60 GHz Channel Measurements

December 22, 2022
Anmol Bhardwaj, Camillo Gentile, Jelena Senic
Human blockage at millimeter-wave frequencies is most commonly modeled through Knife-Edge Diffraction (KED) from the edges of a vertical strip. Although extensively validated through controlled laboratory experiments, the method does not scale to realistic

Radio Spectrum Occupancy Measurements Amid COVID-19 Telework and Telehealth

October 14, 2022
Dan Kuester, Xifeng Lu, Dazhen Gu, Azizollah Kord, Jake Rezac, Katie Carson, Marla L. Dowell, Elizabeth Eyeson, Ari Feldman, Keith Forsyth, Vu Le, John Marts, Mike McNulty, Kyle Neubarth, Andre Rosete, Matthew Ryan, Maija Teraslina
During the COVID-19 pandemic, NIST began a targeted campaign of measurements of averaged power and occupancy rate in the radio spectrum. The purpose was to sample real environments to offer timely insights into data infrastructure where it might be

Tightly Confined Surface Acoustic Waves as Microwave-to-Optical Transduction Platforms in the Quantum Regime

September 26, 2022
Ryan DeCrescent, Zixuan Wang, Poolad Imany, Robert Boutelle, Corey McDonald, Travis Autry, John Teufel, Sae Woo Nam, Richard Mirin
Surface acoustic waves (SAWs) coupled to quantum dots (QDs), trapped atoms and ions, and point defects have been proposed as quantum transduction platforms, yet the requisite coupling rates and cavity lifetimes have not been experimentally established

Looking Forward to IMS 2022 (Guest Editorial)

May 1, 2022
Thomas Mitchell (Mitch) Wallis
As guest editor, it's my pleasure to welcome you to this issue of IEEE Microwave Magazine. This issue focuses on the 2022 International Microwave Symposium (IMS), which will be held in Denver in June. As I sit down to write this column, it is a wintry

Methodology for Measuring the Frequency Dependence of Multipath Channels Across the Millimeter-Wave Bands

April 19, 2022
Damla Guven, Ben Jamroz, Jack Chuang, Camillo Gentile, Rob Horansky, Kate Remley, Dylan Williams, Jeanne Quimby, Rod Leonhardt
Millimeter-wave (mmWave) communications promise Gigabits-per-second data rates thanks to the availability of large swaths of bandwidth between 10–100 GHz. Although cellular operators prefer the lower portions of the bands due to the general belief that

IMS2022 Panel Sessions

April 8, 2022
Jeffrey Jargon, Jasmin Grosinger, Mona Hella
The panel sessions at this year's IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) Week have been put together to cover the broad range of topics and events spanning the week. These sessions are scheduled during lunch breaks.

Measurements of IP3 and P1dB for Spectrum Monitoring with Software Defined Radios

March 30, 2022
Mike McNulty, Dazhen Gu, Dan Kuester, Payam Nayeri
This paper discusses methodology for characterizing linearity summary parameters of software-defined radio receivers. First, we introduce a highly automated testbed for 1-dB compression point (P1dB) and third-order input intercept point (IIP3). With this

Markov Multi-Beamtracking in SU-MIMO with 60 GHz Mobile Channel Measurements

December 28, 2021
Steve Blandino, Jelena Senic, Camillo Gentile, Derek Caudill
Beamforming training refers to the exhaustive scan over which the receiver and transmitter beams are steered along a predefined set of angles to determine the beam pairs that coincide with the dominant channel paths, for spatial multiplexing. In the

A Robust Algorithm for PAM4 Eye-Diagram Analysis

December 20, 2021
Jeffrey Jargon, Jerome Cheron
We propose a new approach for analyzing PAM4 (pulse amplitude modulation 4-level) eye diagrams that always provides a unique solution by making use of a K-Means algorithm in conjunction with a robust, shortest interval location estimator. Our motivation

Updates to the traceability of mm-wave power measurements at NIST

December 17, 2021
Aaron Hagerstrom, Angela Stelson, Jeffrey Jargon, Chris Long
Metrological traceability helps ensure the reliability of measurements by allowing them to be compared with established international standards with well-understood uncertainties. A thorough uncertainty analysis is therefore necessary to provide traceable
Displaying 1 - 25 of 1560