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Search Publications

NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 109

Optical Atomic Clock aboard an Earth-orbiting Space Station (OACESS): Enhancing searches for physics beyond the standard model in space

November 18, 2022
Vladimir Schkolnik, Dmitry Budker, Oliver Farttman, Victor Flambaum, Leo Hollberg, Tigran Kalaydzhyan, Shimon Kolkowitz, Markus Krutzik, Andrew Ludlow, Nathan R. Newbury, Christopher Pyrlik, Laura Sinclair, Yevgeny Stadnik, Ingmari Tietje, Jun Ye, Jason Williams
We present a concept for a high-precision optical atomic clock (OAC) operating on an Earth-orbiting space station. This pathfinder science mission will compare the space-based OAC with one or more ultra-stable terrestrial OACs to search for space-time

The time-programmable frequency comb and its use in quantum-limited ranging

October 27, 2022
Emily Caldwell, Laura Sinclair, Nathan R. Newbury, Jean-Daniel Deschenes
Two decades after its invention, the frequency comb is an unparalleled ruler for frequency, time, and distance metrology due to the rigid spacing of its optical output. Here, in contrast, we demonstrate a programable frequency comb by combining self

Photon Efficient Optical Time Transfer

April 24, 2022
Emily Caldwell, Laura Sinclair, William C. Swann, Nathan R. Newbury, Benjamin Stuhl, Jean-Daniel Deschenes
We present a novel frequency comb-based system for optical two-way time-frequency transfer to support very long distance free-space links between clocks. Our Photon-Efficient Agile Comb Optical Clock Synchronization (PEACOCS) system supports sub

NIST Time and Frequency Bulletin

March 17, 2022
Kelsey Rodriguez
The Time and Frequency Bulletin provides information on performance of time scales and a variety of broadcasts (and related information) to users of the NIST services.

Ultra-broadband Kerr microcomb through soliton spectral translation

December 14, 2021
Gregory Moille, Edgar Perez, Jordan Stone, Ashutosh Rao, Xiyuan Lu, Tahmid Rahman, Yanne Chembo, Kartik Srinivasan
Broad bandwidth and stable microresonator frequency combs are critical for optical atomic clocks, optical frequency synthesis, dual comb spectroscopy, and a host of other applications that require accurate and precise optical frequency measurements in a

Quantum-Based Photonic Sensors for Pressure, Vacuum, and Temperature Measurements: A Vison of the Future with NIST on a Chip

September 17, 2021
Jay H. Hendricks, Zeeshan Ahmed, Daniel Barker, Kevin O. Douglass, Stephen Eckel, James A. Fedchak, Nikolai Klimov, Jacob Edmond Ricker, Julia Scherschligt
The NIST on a Chip (NOAC) program's central idea is the idea that measurement technology can be developed to enable metrology to be performed "outside the National Metrology Institute" by the crea-tion of deployed and often miniaturized standards. These

Dipole-Dipole Frequency Shifts in Multilevel Atoms

June 30, 2021
Andre Cidrim, Asier Pineiro Orioli, Christian Sanner, Ross B. Hutson, Jun Ye, Romain Bachelard, Ana Maria Rey
Dipole-dipole interactions lead to frequency shifts which are expected to limit the performance of next generation atomic clocks. In this work, we compute dipolar frequency shifts accounting for the intrinsic atomic multilevel structure in standard Ramsey

Blackbody Radiation Noise Broadening of Quantum Systems

April 22, 2021
Eric B. Norrgard, Stephen Eckel, Christopher L. Holloway, Eric L. Shirley
Precision measurements of quantum systems often seek to probe or must account for the interaction with blackbody radiation. Over the past several decades, much attention has been given to AC Stark shifts and stimulated state transfer. For a blackbody in

Inverse-designed multi-dimensional silicon photonic transmitters

March 25, 2021
Travis Briles, Jordan Stone, Scott Papp
Modern microelectronic processors have migrated towards parallel computing architectures with many-core processors. However, such expansion comes with diminishing returns exacted by the high cost of data movement between individual processors. The use of

Foundational PNT Profile: Applying the Cyber Security Framework for the Responsible Use of Positioning, Navigation and Timing (PNT) Services NISTIR 8323

February 11, 2021
James J. McCarthy, Karen Reczek, Michael Bartock, YaShian Li-Baboud, Suzanne Lightman, Arthur Scholz, Theresa Suloway, Doug Northrip, Joesph Brule
The national and economic security of the United States (US) is dependent upon the reliable functioning of critical infrastructure. Positioning, Navigation and Timing (PNT) services are widely deployed throughout the critical infrastructure. A disruption

Design and Capabilities of the Assistive Clock Fusion Testbed

February 4, 2021
Dhananjay Anand
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has been working with industry and academia to develop algorithms and technologies to improve the resilience of timing subsystems used in high-performance sensing and control hardware. Resilience

Existence conditions for phononic frequency combs

November 5, 2020
Zhen Qi, Curtis R. Menyuk, Jason Gorman, Adarsh V. Ganesan
Recently, the mechanical analog of optical frequency combs, phononic frequency combs, have been demonstrated in mechanical resonators and have gained interest since their comb frequencies can be in the range of kilohertz to gigahertz. The physical origin

On-Wafer Metrology of a Transmission Line Integrated Terahertz Source

May 10, 2020
Kassiopeia A. Smith, Bryan T. Bosworth, Nicholas R. Jungwirth, Jerome G. Cheron, Nathan D. Orloff, Christian J. Long, Dylan F. Williams, Richard A. Chamberlin, Franklyn J. Quinlan, Tara M. Fortier, Ari D. Feldman
A combination of on-wafer metrology and high-frequency network analysis was implemented to measure the response of transmission-line integrated Er-GaAs and InGaAs photomixers up to 1 THz to support the telecommunication and electronics industry.

Phononic Frequency Combs For Engineering MEMS/NEMS Devices With Tunable Sensitivity

January 13, 2020
Adarsh V. Ganesan, Ashwin Seshia, Jason J. Gorman
Over the past two decades, MEMS resonators have received considerable attention for physical, chemical and biological sensing applications. Typically, the operation of MEMS resonant sensors relies on the tracking of a resonance frequency using a feedback

SAGE: A proposal for a Space Atomic Gravity Explorer

November 15, 2019
Nathan R. Newbury, Chris Oates, Jun Ye, Guglielmo Tino, A Bassi, G Bianco, K Bongs, L Cacciapuoti, M. L. Chiofalo, X Chen, A Derevianko, W Ertme, N Gaaloul, Patrick Gill, P. W. Graham, J. M. Hogan, L Iess, Mark Kasevich, H Katori, Carsten Klempt, X Lu, Long-Sheng Ma, H Muller, A Peters, N Poli, Rasel E, G Rosi, A Roura, C Salomon, S Schiller, W Sleich, D Schlippert, F Schreck, C Schubert, Sorrentino F, Uwe Sterr, J. W. Thomsen, G Vallone, F Vetrano, P Villoresi, W von Klitzing, P Wolf, Nan Yu, M.S. Zhan
The proposed mission \Space Atomic Gravity Explorer (SAGE) has the scientifi c objective to investigate gravitational waves, dark matter, and other fundamental aspects of gravity as well as the connection between gravitational physics and quantum physics

Broadband Resonator-Waveguide Coupling for Efficient Extraction of Octave Spanning Microcombs

October 1, 2019
Gregory Moille, Qing Li, Travis Briles, Su P. Yu, Tara E. Drake, Xiyuan Lu, Ashutosh Rao, Daron Westly, Scott Papp, Kartik Srinivasan
Frequency combs spanning over an octave have been successfully demonstrated on-chip in Kerr nonlinear microresonators, thanks to their large effective nonlinearity and ability to support a suitable dispersion profile. Efficient extraction of intracavity
Displaying 1 - 25 of 109