Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Search Publications

NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 719

Quantum computing hardware for HEP algorithms and sensing

April 19, 2022
Author(s)
Corey Rae McRae
Quantum information science harnesses the principles of quantum mechanics to realize computational algorithms with complexities vastly intractable by current computer platforms. Typical applications range from quantum chemistry to optimization problems and

Demonstration that Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Steering Requires More than One Bit of Faster-than-Light Information Transmission

April 13, 2022
Author(s)
Yu Xiang, Michael Mazurek, Joshua Bienfang, Michael Wayne, Carlos Abellan, Waldimar Amaya, Morgan Mitchell, Richard Mirin, Sae Woo Nam, Qiongyi He, Marty Stevens, Krister Shalm, Howard Wiseman
Schrödinger held that a local quantum system has some objectively real quantum state and no other (hidden) properties. He therefore took the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) phenomenon, which he generalized and called 'steering', to require nonlocal

Negative quasiprobabilities enhance phase estimation in quantum-optics experiment

March 1, 2022
Author(s)
Noah Lupu-Gladstein, Y. Batuhan Yilmaz, David Arvidsson-Shukur, Aharon Brodutch, Arthur Pang, Aephraim Steinberg, Nicole Halpern
Operator noncommutation, a hallmark of quantum theory, limits measurement precision, according to uncertainty principles. Wielded correctly, though, noncommutation can boost precision. A recent foundational result relates a metrological advantage with

Robust Automated Recognition of Noisy Quantum Dot States

February 25, 2022
Author(s)
Joshua Ziegler, Thomas McJunkin, Emily Joseph, Sandesh Kalantre, Benjamin Harpt, Donald Savage, Max Lagally, Mark Eriksson, Jacob Taylor, Justyna Zwolak
The current autotuning approaches for quantum dot (QD) devices, while showing some success, lack an assessment of data reliability. This leads to unexpected failures when noisy or otherwise low-quality data is processed by an autonomous system. In this

Experimental observation of thermalisation with noncommuting charges

February 9, 2022
Author(s)
Florian Kranzl, Aleksander Lasek, Manoj Joshi, Amir Kalev, Rainer Blatt, Christian Roos, Nicole Halpern
Quantum simulators have recently enabled experimental observations of quantum many-body systems' internal thermalisation. Often, the global energy and particle number are conserved, and the system is prepared with a well-defined particle number—in a

Operator scaling dimensions and multifractality at measurement-induced transitions

February 3, 2022
Author(s)
Michael Gullans, Zabalo Aidan, Justin Wilson, Romain Vasseur, Andreas Ludwig, Sarang Gopalakrishnan Gopalakrishnan, David Huse, Jed Pixley
Repeated local measurements of quantum many body systems can induce a phase transition in their entanglement structure. These measurement-induced phase transitions (MIPTs) have been studied for various types of dynamics, yet most cases yield quantitatively

Geometric interference in a high-mobility graphene annulus p-n junction device

January 10, 2022
Author(s)
Son Le, Albert Rigosi, Joseph Hagmann, Christopher Gutierrez, Ji Ung Lee, Curt A. Richter
The emergence of interference is observed in the resistance of a graphene annulus pn junction device as a result of applying two separate gate voltages. The observed resistance patterns are carefully inspected, and it is determined that the position of the

Measurement of electric-field noise from interchangeable samples with a trapped-ion sensor

November 18, 2021
Author(s)
Kyle McKay, Dustin Hite, Philip D. Kent, Shlomi S. Kotler, Dietrich Leibfried, Daniel Slichter, Andrew C. Wilson, David P. Pappas
We demonstrate the use of a single trapped ion as a sensor to probe electric-field noise from interchangeable test surfaces. As proof of principle, we measure the magnitude and distance dependence of electric-field noise from two ion-trap-like samples with

Semiclassical Theory of Photon Echoes with Application to Pr:YSO

November 4, 2021
Author(s)
Zachary H. Levine
Coherent states are used to prepare a crystal using the Atomic Frequency Comb protocol for quantum memory. Here, semiclassical theory is developed and compared to experimental photon echoes of a coherent pulse.

Resource theory of quantum uncomplexity

October 21, 2021
Author(s)
Nicole Halpern, Naga Kothakonda, Jonas Haferkamp, Anthony Munson, Jens Eisert, Philippe Faist
Quantum complexity is emerging as a key property of many-body systems, including black holes, topological materials, and early quantum computers. A state's complexity quantifies the number of computational gates required to prepare the state from a simple

Quantum coding with low-depth random circuits

September 24, 2021
Author(s)
Michael Gullans, David A. Huse, Stefan Krastanov, Liang Jiang, Steven T. Flammia
Random quantum circuits have played a central role in establishing the computational advantages of near-term quantum computers over their conventional counterparts. Here, we use ensembles of low-depth random circuits with local connectivity in D ≥ 1

Motional Squeezing for Trapped Ion Transport and Separation

August 20, 2021
Author(s)
Robert Sutherland, Shaun Burd, Daniel Slichter, Stephen Libby, Dietrich Leibfried
Transport, separation, and merging of trapped ion crystals are essential operations for most large-scale quantum computing architectures. In this Letter, we develop a theoretical framework that describes the dynamics of ions in time-varying potentials with

Quantum-enhanced sensing of displacements and electric fields with large trapped-ion crystals

August 6, 2021
Author(s)
Kevin Gilmore, Matthew Affolter, Judith Jordan, Diego Barberena, Robert Lewis-Swan, Ana Maria Rey, John Bollinger
Developing the isolation and control of ultracold atomic systems to the level of single quanta has led to significant advances in quantum sensing, yet demonstrating a quantum advantage in real world applications by harnessing entanglement remains a core

Programmable System on Chip for controlling an atomic physics experiment

July 23, 2021
Author(s)
Ananya Sitaram, Gretchen K. Campbell, Alessandro Restelli
Most atomic physics experiments are controlled by a digital pattern generator used to synchronize all equipment by providing triggers and clocks. Recently, the availability of well-documented open-source development tools has lifted the barriers to using

Hyperspectral study of the coupling between trions in WSe2 monolayers to a circular Bragg grating cavity

June 25, 2021
Author(s)
Marcelo I. Davanco, Oliver Iff, Simon Betzold, Magdalena Moczala-Dusanowska, Matthias Wurdack, Monika Emmerling, Sven Hofling, Christian Schneider
Circular Bragg gratings compose a very appealing photonic platform and nanophotonic interfacefor the controlled light-matter coupling of emitters in nanomaterials. Here, we discuss the integration ofexfoliated monolayers of WSe2with GaInP Bragg gratings

Ray-based framework for state identification in quantum dot devices

June 7, 2021
Author(s)
Justyna Zwolak, Thomas McJunkin, Sandesh Kalantre, Samuel Neyens, Evan MacQuarrie, Mark A. Eriksson, Jacob Taylor
Quantum dots (QDs) defined with electrostatic gates are a leading platform for a scalable quantum computing implementation. However, with increasing numbers of qubits, the complexity of the control parameter space also grows. Traditional measurement

High-performance semiconductor quantum dot-single- photon sources

June 3, 2021
Author(s)
Glenn S. Solomon
Single photons are a key, fundamental element of most quantum optical technologies, be it for the development of large-scale quantum communication networks, for quantum simulation, or for connecting quantum memories in a quantum computer. The ideal single
Displaying 1 - 25 of 719