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Displaying 1 - 25 of 2439

Energy Broadening of Neutron Depth Profiles by Thin Polyamide Films

September 7, 2022
Jamie Weaver, Robert Gregory Downing, Anna Job, Kedar Manandhar, Ichiro Takeuchi
A protective covering is often required for neutron depth profiling (NDP) measurements of sensitive materials (e.g., Li-ion batteries). Addition of this layer can increase NDP profile energy broadening and depth assignment uncertainty. This study evaluates

Improved Uranium Particle Analysis by SIMS using O3- Primary Ions

September 6, 2022
Evan Groopman, Todd Williamson, David S. Simons
We have investigated the use of negative molecular oxygen primary ion beams (i.e., O2- and O3-) to determine the benefits of using such beams for uranium particle SIMS analyses. Typically, O- is the most practical negative primary ion species for both age

Overcoming Technological Barriers in Microfluidics: Leakage Testing

September 1, 2022
Vania Silverio, Suvajyoti Guha, Armelle Keiser, Rucha Natu, Darwin Reyes-Hernandez, Henne van Heeren, Nicolas Verplanck, Luke Herbertson
The miniaturization of laboratory procedures for Lab-on-Chip (LoC) devices and translation to various platforms such as single cell analysis or Organ-on-Chip (OoC) systems are revolutionizing the life sciences and biomedical fields. As a result

Diffuse Visual Transmission Density

August 17, 2022
Clarence Zarobila, Robert E. Vest, Maria E. Nadal
This document, SP250-99 (2022), NIST Measurement Services: Diffuse Visual Transmission Density, describes the instrument used to measure diffuse visual transmission density of both x-ray and photographic film step tablets. These step tablets replace former

The Expanding Role of National Metrology Institutes in the Quantum Era

July 12, 2022
Alexander Tzalenchuk, Nicolas Spethmann, Tim Prior, Jay H. Hendricks, Yijie Pan, Vladimir Bubanja, Guilherme Temporao, Dai-Hyuk Yu, Damir Ilic, Barbara L. Goldstein
Now that all base units are defined in terms of fundamental constants and can thus — at least in principle — be realized anytime and anywhere, rather than through a measurement chain leading back to unique physical artefacts, who holds the traceability

Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopic Detection of Ethanol: A Side-by-Side Comparison of ZnO and HKUST-1 MOFs as Sensing Media

June 25, 2022
Papa Amoah, Pentao Lin, Zeinab Mohammed Hassan, Rhonda Franklin, Engelbert Redel, Helmut Baumgart, Yaw S. Obeng
Changes in the chemo-electrical intrinsic properties of metal-oxide materials (MO) are commonly used as the basis of gas sensors. The most common gas sensors are based on chemically induced changes in electrical resistivity which necessarily involve making

Design of an electrostatic feedback for an experiment to measure G

June 20, 2022
Stephan Schlamminger, Leon Chao, Vincent Lee, David B. Newell, Clive Speake
The torsion pendulum at the heart of the BIPM apparatus to measure the gravitational constant, $G$, is used to measure the gravitational torque between source and test-mass assemblies with two methods. In the Cavendish method, the pendulum moves freely. In

Generalized Electrical Substitution Methods and Detectors for Absolute Optical Power Measurements

June 17, 2022
Solomon I. Woods, Jorge Neira, James E. Proctor, Joseph P. Rice, Nathan Tomlin, Malcolm White, Michelle Stephens, John H. Lehman
We have developed generalized methods for electrical substitution optical measurements, as well as cryogenic detectors which can be used to implement them. The new methods enable measurement of arbitrary periodic waveforms by an electrical substitution

A New Spin on Kibble: A Self Calibrating Torque Realization Device at NIST

June 3, 2022
Zane Comden, Stephan Schlamminger, Charles Waduwarage Perera, Frank Seifert, David B. Newell, Jay H. Hendricks, Barbara L. Goldstein, Leon Chao
After the 2019 redefinition of the International System of Units (SI), torque no longer needs to be traceable to a calibrated weight suspended from a known lever arm. Specifically, a modification of the Kibble principle used for realizing the kilogram

Disinfection of Respirators with Ultraviolet Radiation

March 25, 2022
Dianne L. Poster, Matthew Hardwick, C Cameron Miller, Michael A. Riley, W. W. Shanaka I. Rodrigo, Andras E. Vladar, John D. Wright, Christopher D. Zangmeister, Clarence Zarobila, Jeremy Starkweather, John Wynne, Jason Yilzarde
Data for interpreting virus inactivation on N95 face filtering respirators (FFRs) by ultraviolet (UV) radiation are important in developing UV strategies for N95 FFR disinfection and reuse for any situation, whether it be everyday practices, contingency

Models for an Ultraviolet-C Research and Development Consortium

March 25, 2022
Dianne L. Poster, C Cameron Miller, Yaw S. Obeng, John J. Kasianowicz, Michael T. Postek, Norman Horn, Troy Cowan, Richard Martinello
The development of an international, precompetitive, collaborative, ultraviolet (UV) research consortium is discussed as an opportunity to lay the groundwork for a new UV commercial industry and the supply chain to support this industry. History has

The Irradiance Instrument Subsystem (IRIS) on the Airborne-Lunar Spectral Irradiance (Air-LUSI) Instrument

March 23, 2022
Steven Grantham, Thomas C. Larason, Clarence Zarobila, Stephen Maxwell, John T. Woodward IV, Kevin Turpie, S. Andrew Gadsden
The objective of the airborne LUnar Spectral Irradiance (air-LUSI) project is to make low uncertainty, SI-traceable measurements of the lunar spectral irradiance in the visible to near-infrared (VNIR) region from an aircraft above most of the optically

Uncertainty estimation for 2D magnetic particle imaging

March 21, 2022
Mark-Alexander Henn, Klaus Natorf Quelhas, Solomon I. Woods
Magnetic Particle Imaging (MPI) has in recent years been established as a powerful imaging tool that measures thenon-linear magnetic response of magnetic particles to an applied field. Obtaining quantitative information fromthese images in the form of a

ZKASP: ZKP-based Attestation of Software Possession for Measuring Instruments

March 9, 2022
Luis Brandao, Carlos Galhardo, Rene Peralta
Software-controlled measuring instruments used in commercial transactions, such as fuel dispensers and smart meters, are sometimes subject to "memory replacement" attacks. Cybercriminals replace the approved software by a malicious one that then tampers
Displaying 1 - 25 of 2439