Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Search Publications

NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 2475

Specifications, Tolerances, and Other Technical Requirements for Weighing and Measuring Devices

January 30, 2023
Author(s)
Tina G. Butcher, Richard A. Harshman, Jan Konijnenburg, Gloria Diane Lee, Juana Williams, Lisa Warfield, Shelby Bowers, Katrice Lippa, Elizabeth Benham
NIST Handbook 44 includes specifications, tolerances, and other technical requirements for weighing and measuring devices. These requirements are intended to encourage the design, installation, testing, and use of weighing and measuring devices that

What does the pixel measure?

January 11, 2023
Author(s)
David W. Flater
The pixel is often used as a unit of measurement in information technology. Unfortunately, there is not a simple, consistently-applicable answer to what it is a measure of. This report analyzes the pixel unit through the lens of metrology and shows how one

Dealing with counts and other quantal quantities in quantity calculus

January 1, 2023
Author(s)
David W. Flater
Continuity is usually assumed as a defining feature of measured quantities. This premise is false for counted quantities, amount of substance, electric charge, and others that are constrained to exist in integral multiples of a quantum. A software

Precise Quantum Measurement of Vacuum with Cold Atoms

December 20, 2022
Author(s)
Daniel Barker, Bishnu Acharya, James A. Fedchak, Nikolai Klimov, Eric Norrgard, Julia Scherschligt, Eite Tiesinga, Stephen Eckel
We describe the cold-atom vacuum standards (CAVS) under development at the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The CAVS measures pressure in the ultra-high and extreme-high vacuum regimes by measuring the loss rate of sub-millikelvin sensor

Cannabis Laboratory Quality Assurance Program: Exercise 2 Moisture Final Report

November 29, 2022
Author(s)
Chuck Barber, Colleen E. Bryan Sallee, Carolyn Burdette, Shaun Kotoski, Melissa M. Phillips, Walter Brent Wilson, Laura Wood
In 2020, NIST launched Cannabis Laboratory Quality Assurance Program (CannaQAP) to improve the comparability of the analytical measurements of cannabis and cannabis-derived products in forensic and cannabis (hemp and marijuana) testing laboratories

Calculation of magnetic forces and torques on the Kibble coil

October 22, 2022
Author(s)
Stephan Schlamminger, Lorenz Keck, Frank Seifert, Leon Chao, Darine El Haddad, Shisong Li
Analytically the force and torques on a coil in a field of magnetic flux density can be calculated one of two ways. The line integral can be conducted along the coil's wire, summing up the differential force contribution. For each differential line segment

2022 NCWM-NIST National Survey on 20 lb LPG (Propane) Cylinders

October 19, 2022
Author(s)
David Sefcik, Katrice Lippa, N. Alan Heckert, Stephen Benjamin, Ivan Hankins, Don Onwiler
The National Conference on Weights and Measures (NCWM) in partnership and cooperation with the NIST Office of Weights and Measures (OWM) and the Weights and Measures Divisions of select U.S. States initiated the 2022 National Survey on 20 lb LPG (Propane)

The Digital NIST: Challenges and opportunities in the digital transformation of NIST's calibration services

September 21, 2022
Author(s)
Catherine Cooksey, James A. Fedchak, Robert Hanisch, Gregory (Greg) C. Cala, Damian Lauria, Raymond Plante, Benjamin Long, John S. Quintavalle, Manmohan Moodra
Early in 2022 NIST embarked on a pilot project to produce digital calibration reports and certificates of analysis for reference materials. The goal of the project was to produce a few examples of each for the purpose of assessing the scope and challenges

The Digital NIST: Challenges And Opportunities in the Digital Transformation of NIST's Reference Materials

September 21, 2022
Author(s)
William Dinis Camara, Steven J. Choquette, Katya Delak, Robert Hanisch, Benjamin Long, Melissa M. Phillips, Jared Ragland, Kate Rimmer
Early in 2022 NIST embarked on a pilot project to produce digital calibration reports and digital certificates of analysis for reference materials. The goal of the project is to produce a few examples of digital reports and certificates for the purpose of

Energy Broadening of Neutron Depth Profiles by Thin Polyamide Films

September 7, 2022
Author(s)
Jamie Weaver, Robert Gregory Downing, Anna Job, Kedar Manandhar, Ichiro Takeuchi
A protective covering is often required for neutron depth profiling (NDP) measurements of sensitive materials (e.g., Li-ion batteries). Addition of this layer can increase NDP profile energy broadening and depth assignment uncertainty. This study evaluates

Improved Uranium Particle Analysis by SIMS using O3- Primary Ions

September 6, 2022
Author(s)
Evan Groopman, Todd Williamson, David S. Simons
We have investigated the use of negative molecular oxygen primary ion beams (i.e., O2- and O3-) to determine the benefits of using such beams for uranium particle SIMS analyses. Typically, O- is the most practical negative primary ion species for both age

Overcoming Technological Barriers in Microfluidics: Leakage Testing

September 1, 2022
Author(s)
Vania Silverio, Suvajyoti Guha, Armelle Keiser, Rucha Natu, Darwin Reyes-Hernandez, Henne van Heeren, Nicolas Verplanck, Luke Herbertson
The miniaturization of laboratory procedures for Lab-on-Chip (LoC) devices and translation to various platforms such as single cell analysis or Organ-on-Chip (OoC) systems are revolutionizing the life sciences and biomedical fields. As a result

Diffuse Visual Transmission Density

August 17, 2022
Author(s)
Clarence Zarobila, Robert E. Vest, Maria E. Nadal
This document, SP250-99 (2022), NIST Measurement Services: Diffuse Visual Transmission Density, describes the instrument used to measure diffuse visual transmission density of both x-ray and photographic film step tablets. These step tablets replace former

Prototype of high accuracy single input phase measurement instrument

August 2, 2022
Author(s)
Nicholas G. Paulter Jr., Ioan Tudosa, Francesco Picariello, Pasquale Daponte, Luca De Vito, Sergio Rapuano
A prototype implementation of a phase measurement method (PMM) for a sine-wave signal delivered at the output port of a generator and its experimental assessment is presented. This PMM is capable of measuring the output phase of a sine-wave signal respect

The Expanding Role of National Metrology Institutes in the Quantum Era

July 12, 2022
Author(s)
Alexander Tzalenchuk, Nicolas Spethmann, Tim Prior, Jay H. Hendricks, Yijie Pan, Vladimir Bubanja, Guilherme Temporao, Dai-Hyuk Yu, Damir Ilic, Barbara L. Goldstein
Now that all base units are defined in terms of fundamental constants and can thus — at least in principle — be realized anytime and anywhere, rather than through a measurement chain leading back to unique physical artefacts, who holds the traceability

Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopic Detection of Ethanol: A Side-by-Side Comparison of ZnO and HKUST-1 MOFs as Sensing Media

June 25, 2022
Author(s)
Papa Amoah, Pentao Lin, Zeinab Mohammed Hassan, Rhonda Franklin, Engelbert Redel, Helmut Baumgart, Yaw S. Obeng
Changes in the chemo-electrical intrinsic properties of metal-oxide materials (MO) are commonly used as the basis of gas sensors. The most common gas sensors are based on chemically induced changes in electrical resistivity which necessarily involve making
Displaying 1 - 25 of 2475