The Smart Grid Program develops and demonstrates smart grid measurement science advances to improve the efficiency, reliability, resilience, and sustainability of the nation's electric grid. This NIST wide program is housed in the Engineering Laboratory and draws on the expertise of the Information Technology and Physical Measurement Laboratories. The Program portfolio centers on two interacting components: (1) consensus standards and protocols for smart grid interoperability; and(2) measurement science research for future grid capabilities. The former is pursued in collaboration with community organizations like the Smart Grid Interoperability Panel (originally launched with NIST assistance and now an independent organization), interagency groups such as the Smart Grid Task Force, and other industrial, academic, and government sector stakeholders. The NIST Framework and Roadmap for Smart Grid Interoperability, which responds to mandates to NIST from Congress and the Administration, is continuously evolved by the Program and provides the anchor for our standards efforts. An advanced smart grid testbed provides the focus for our measurement science research work. The testbed focuses on future microgrid concepts and is both agile, to accommodate a wide range of experimental and testing configurations, and composable, to enable its use in combination with other testbeds across the country and around the world for work at significant scale. The research work supports and informs the standards work and together these components enable NIST to promote the emergence of a smart grid for the nation.
To develop and demonstrate advances in measurement science to enable integration of interoperable and secure real-time sensing, control, communications, information and power technologies, in order to increase the system efficiency, reliability, resiliency and sustainability of the nation's electric grid, by 2016.
Some recent accomplishments for the Smart Grid Program include:
- NIST Smart Grid Framework and Roadmap for Smart Grid Interoperability Standards, Release 1.0 (January 2010) and Release 2.0 (February 2012): These authoritative Framework documents are the primary NIST output fulfilling its EISA role, providing to the U.S. and world smart grid industry the high-level guidance on architectural and cybersecurity principles, standards, and testing and certification based on consensus industry input supported by a comprehensive public review process.
- New private/public organization: Smart Grid Interoperability Panel (SGIP, established in November 2009 as a public-private partnership; transitioned to an industry-led non-profit organization in April 2013) With nearly 200 member organizations and significant international participation, the SGIP is recognized as the leading worldwide organization and forum for smart grid standards coordination and testing and certification guidance.
- New or revised Smart Grid standards and guides: NIST-facilitated output from a variety of standards development organizations and other groups, including as part of priority action plans within the SGIP, have been developed and published, covering areas such as energy usage information, smart meters, electric vehicles, demand response, and guidelines for assessing wireless standards for smart grid applications.
- Cybersecurity guidelines and standards: These are NIST-facilitated or NIST Interagency Report output from NIST, the SGIP Cyber Security Working Group, and other groups. The primary NIST-facilitated contribution, NISTIR 7628 Guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber Security (Volumes 1, 2, and 3), provides an analytical framework that organizations can use to develop effective cyber security strategies tailored to their particular combinations of smart grid-related characteristics, risks, and vulnerabilities.
- Testing and certification methods and tools: NIST-facilitated output includes the Smart Grid Interoperability Panel (SGIP)-published Interoperability Process Reference Manual (IPRM), Version 2.0, which provides recommendations on processes and best practices that enhance the introduction of interoperable products into smart grid markets.
- Measurement methods and tools: Development of these methods and tools result in a variety of publications, guides, and models covering areas including synchrophasor, advanced meters, time synchronization, building-to-grid and other testbeds, and system performance models.
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Measurement Science for Smart Grid System Performance
Cybersecurity for Smart Grid Systems
Electromagnetic Compatibility of Smart Grid Devices and Systems
Precision Timing for Smart Grid Systems
Smart Grid Communication Network
Smart Grid System Testbed Facility
Smart Grid Testing and Certification
Measurement Science for Transmission and Distribution Grid Operations
Measurement Science for Distributed Energy Resources and Microgrids
Measurement Science for User-to-Grid Interoperation
Smart Grid National Coordination