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Residual Stress Diffractometer

BT-8 Residual Stress Diffractometer Drawing

The Residual Stress Diffractometer is used for measuring lattice strains and preferred orientation (texture), for studying residual and applied stress in engineering materials, and the effect of materials processing on preferred orientation. Designed for versatility, the heart of the instrument is a rotating drum that allows - together with three monochromators - to select wavelengths from 0.08 nm to 0.32 nm. This enables the measurement of d-spacings anywhere between 0.06 nm up to 0.22 nm at the optimal 2theta=90 deg.. The size of the sampling volumes used on a regular basis varies from 1 mm3 to 200 mm3. The double focusing Si-Monochromator has a variable curvature which allows the optimization of the measurement for intensity (texture), for resolution (peak broadening) or for Figure of Merit (strain). Beams with minimal or without higher order contamination can also be produced, either by using the Si(311) monochromator reflection which has no second order, or by using a pyrolytic graphite filter. The instrumental background is low and, depending on material, pathlength and gauge volume, peak to background ratios typically range from 1 (steel, 80 mm path, 125 mm3 gauge volume) to 300 (steel, 8 mm path, 8 mm3 gauge volume). The detector is a position sensitive neutron detector with an angular opening of approx. 8 deg..

Beam time for BT8 is granted quickly, either through a beam time request using the IMS system or on an informal basis by contacting the instrument responsible. Measurements are done either by the applicant(s) or - on a collaborative basis - by a staff member. Depending on the extent of the proposal, we are encouraging applicants to conduct measurements themselves after completing appropriate training and orientation with full support by the residual stress group. For questions and beam time requests please contact: 

Specifications/Capabilities

 

Minimum

Maximum

Take-off angle

[deg]

40

120

Wavelength

[nm x 10-1]

0.8

3.2

Sample d-spacings

[nm x 10-1] @ 2qS=90deg

0.56

2.26

Distance Monochromator to sample [mm]

1200

1600

Sample table travel range [mm]

X: 150 mm

Y: 150 mm

Z: 200 mm

2qSample

[deg]

44

120

Distance Sample to Detector [mm]

600

1300

Detector coverage

[mm]

Width: 100 mm

Height: 50 mm

Sample weight

[kg]

0

100

Sample height (depends on measurement location)

[mm]

0

600

Sample width height (depends on measurement location)

[mm]

0

600

 

Created August 1, 2019, Updated November 15, 2019