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Biomaterials

Overview

NIST's research examines the interactions among lab-made materials and biological systems, advancing the development of diagnostics and therapeutics, and improving the performance of biomaterials used in dentistry and regenerative medicine.

NIST's measurement methods and reference materials accelerate the development of lab-made materials that can help heal wounds or replace missing tissues, or be used to mimic human tissues for diagnostics or research. Our long partnership with the American Dental Association boasts advances such as the tooth-colored composites used to fill cavities and repair chipped teeth and the panoramic dental X-ray. The NIST Tissue Engineering project characterizes scaffolds, the supports used to "grow" replacement tissues, and the interactions between scaffolds and cells. Other work develops sensors that measure biological properties and the interactions of cells and materials. 

NIST also participates in the Multi-Agency Tissue Engineering Science coordination group.

News and Updates

Projects and Programs

Tissue Engineering Measurands

Cell viability is often measured as a quality metric of tissue engineered medical products. However, there are a number of inherent assumptions about cell

U.S. TAG for ISO/TC276: Biotechnology

The primary goal of the US Technical Advisory Group (US TAG) to International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Technical Committee (TC) 276 Biotechnology

Nanocalorimetry Measurements

Nanocalorimetry provides a capability to measure the thermal properties of very small samples and at very fast rates. Materials and interfaces of interest

Publications

Biobanking in the COVID-19 Era and Beyond: Part 2. A Set of Tool Implementation Case Studies

Author(s)
Clare M. Allocca, Emma Snapes, Monique Albert, Marianna J. Bledsoe, Marta Castelhano, Mieke DeWilde, Koh Furuta, Zisis Kozlakidis, Dunja Martin, Anabela Martins, Shannon McCall, Brent Schacter
The COVID-19 era has brought about a number of novel challenges for the global biobanking community. An array of diverse tools exists to support quality and

Awards