Emergency responders across the country, whether in small communities or large cities, need reliable and interoperable chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive (CBRNE) detectors to protect life and property.
Fortunately, since September 2001, emergency responders are far better equipped to face these threats. Their detection systems, communication equipment, and protective gear are better designed for counterterrorism.
NIST and the Department of Homeland Security continue to address critical needs for standards that identify performance metrics for gear, instruments, and systems used in threat detection. NIST's National Security Standards Program supports and coordinates development of test methods, performance standards, guidance, and training for systems and gear that protect against CBRNE threats to ensure that:
- first responder systems work well and have cross-jurisdiction interoperability
- international trade is not disrupted
- critical infrastructure is secure
Learn more about projects that support CBRNE detection and protection:
- Chemical Threats
New Spectrometry Standard for Handheld Chemical Detectors Aids First Responders
Instrument Standards for Detection of Hazardous Chemical Vapors
- Biological Threats
Explaining anthrax infection, in collaboration with U.S. Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Disease
- Radiological and Nuclear Threats
Test and Evaluation Protocols for Radiation Detection Systems
- Explosive Threats
Standards for X-Ray Security Screening
Measurements and standards for canine bomb detection
New Odor-Releasing Materials for Training Dogs
Microspheres for validating trace explosives detection
Development of NIST Standard Reference Materials for Trace Explosives Detection
Expansion of the NIST Law Enforcement Test Bed for Trace Contraband Detection
See Department of Defense Test Operations Procedures documents.