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Publications

Search Publications by

Kyle Beloy (Fed)

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Displaying 1 - 20 of 20

Frequency Ratio Measurements with 18-Digit Accuracy Using a Network of Optical Clocks

March 24, 2021
Author(s)
Kyle Beloy, Martha I. Bodine, Tobias B. Bothwell, Samuel M. Brewer, Sarah L. Bromley, Jwo-Sy Chen, Jean-Daniel Deschenes, Scott Diddams, Robert J. Fasano, Tara Fortier, Youssef Hassan, David Hume, Dhruv Kedar, Colin J. Kennedy, Isaac Kader, Amanda Koepke, David Leibrandt, Holly Leopardi, Andrew Ludlow, Will McGrew, William Milner, Daniele Nicolodi, Eric Oelker, Tom Parker, John M. Robinson, Stefania Romisch, Stefan A. Schaeffer, Jeffrey Sherman, Laura Sinclair, Lindsay I. Sonderhouse, William C. Swann, Jian Yao, Jun Ye, Xiaogang Zhang
Atomic clocks occupy a unique position in measurement science, exhibiting higher accuracy than any other measurement standard and underpinning six out of seven base units in the SI system. By exploiting higher resonance frequencies, optical atomic clocks

Measurement of the 27Al+ and 87Sr absolute optical frequencies

January 21, 2021
Author(s)
Holly Leopardi, Kyle Beloy, Tobias B. Bothwell, Samuel M. Brewer, Sarah L. Bromley, Jwo-Sy Chen, Scott Diddams, Robert J. Fasano, Youssef S. Hassan, David B. Hume, Dhruv Kedar, Colin J. Kennedy, Isaac H. Khader, David R. Leibrandt, Andrew D. Ludlow, William F. McGrew, William R. Milner, Daniele Nicolodi, Eric Oelker, Thomas E. Parker, John M. Robinson, Stefania Romisch, Jeffrey A. Sherman, Lindsay I. Sonderhouse, William C. Swann, Jian Yao, Jun Ye, Xiaogang Zhang, Tara M. Fortier
We perform absolute measurement of the 27Al+ single-ion and 87Sr neutral lattice clock frequencies at the National Institute of Standards and Technology and JILA at the University of Colorado against a global ensemble of primary frequency standards. Over

Measurements of 25 Mg + and 27 Al + magnetic constants for improved ion clock accuracy

July 15, 2019
Author(s)
Samuel M. Brewer, Jwo-Sy Chen, Aaron M. Hankin, Ethan Clements, Chin-wen Chou, Kyle Beloy, Will McGrew, Xiaogang Zhang, Robert J. Fasano, Daniele Nicolodi, Holly Leopardi, Tara Fortier, Scott Diddams, Andrew Ludlow, David J. Wineland, David Leibrandt, David Hume
We have measured the quadratic Zeeman coefficient for the 3P0 excited electronic state in 27Al+, C2=-71.944(24) MHz/T2 and the hyperfine constant of the 25Mg+ 2S1/2 ground electronic state, Ahfs = -596 254 250.981(45) Hz, with improved uncertainties. Both

Towards the optical second: verifying optical clocks at the SI limit

April 11, 2019
Author(s)
William F. McGrew, Xiaogang Zhang, Robert J. Fasano, Holly Leopardi, Daniele Nicolodi, Kyle P. Beloy, Jian Yao, Jeffrey A. Sherman, Stefan A. Schaeffer, Joshua J. Savory, Stefania Romisch, Christopher W. Oates, Thomas E. Parker, Tara M. Fortier, Andrew D. Ludlow
The pursuit of ever more precise measures of time and frequency motivates redefinition of the second in terms of an optical atomic transition. To ensure continuity with the current definition, based on the microwave hyperfine transition in 133Cs, it is

First observation with global network of optical atomic clocks aimed for a dark matter detection

January 30, 2019
Author(s)
P. Wcislo, P. Ablewski, Kyle Beloy, S. Bilicki, M. Bober, Roger Brown, Robert J. Fasano, R. Ciurylo, H. Hachisu, T. Ido, J. Lodewyck, Andrew Ludlow, Will McGrew, P. Morzynski, Daniele Nicolodi, Marco Schioppo, M. Sekido, R. Le Targat, P. Wolf, Xiaogang Zhang, B. Zjawin, M. Zawada
We report on the first earth-scale quantum sensor network based on optical atomic clocks aimed at dark matter (DM) detection. Exploiting differences in the susceptibilities to the fine- structure constant of essential parts of an optical atomic clock, i.e

Atomic clock performance beyond Earth’s gravitational limit

December 6, 2018
Author(s)
William F. McGrew, Xiaogang Zhang, Robert J. Fasano, Stefan A. Schaeffer, Kyle P. Beloy, Daniele Nicolodi, Roger C. Brown, N. Hinkley, G. Milani, Marco Schioppo, T. H. Yoon, Andrew D. Ludlow
The passage of time is tracked by counting oscillations of a suitable frequency reference (e.g., the number of revolutions of Earth around the sun or the number of swings of a pendulum of a grandfather clock). By referencing the oscillations arising from

Two-photon optical frequency reference with active AC Stark shift cancellation

July 30, 2018
Author(s)
Vladislav P. Gerginov, Kyle P. Beloy
An optical reference based on two-photon optical transition with AC stark shift cancellation is proposed. The reference uses two interrogating laser fields at different frequencies. Compared to conventional optical two-photon references, the new approach

A Faraday-shielded, DC Stark-free optical lattice clock

May 2, 2018
Author(s)
Kyle P. Beloy, Xiaogang Zhang, William F. McGrew, Nathan M. Hinkley, Tai H. Yoon, Daniele Nicolodi, Robert J. Fasano, Stefan A. Schaeffer, Roger C. Brown, Andrew D. Ludlow
We demonstrate the absence of a DC Stark shift in an ytterbium optical lattice clock. Stray electric fields are suppressed through the introduction of an in-vacuum Faraday shield. Still, the effectiveness of the shielding must be experimentally assessed

Progress on Optical-clock-based Time Scale at NIST: Simulations and Preliminary Real-Data Analysis

April 20, 2018
Author(s)
Jian Yao, Jeffrey A. Sherman, Tara M. Fortier, Thomas E. Parker, Judah Levine, Joshua J. Savory, Stefania Romisch, William F. McGrew, Robert J. Fasano, Stefan A. Schaeffer, Kyle P. Beloy, Andrew D. Ludlow
This paper shows the recent NIST work on incorporating an optical clock into a time scale. We simulate a time scale composed of continuously-operating commercial hydrogen masers and an optical frequency standard that does not operate continuously as a

Hyper-Ramsey spectroscopy with probe laser intensity fluctuations

March 29, 2018
Author(s)
Kyle P. Beloy
We examine the influence of probe laser intensity fluctuations on hyper-Ramsey spectroscopy. We assume, as is appropriate for relevant cases of interest, that the probe laser intensity $I$ determines both the Rabi frequency $(\propto\sqrt)$ and the

Incorporating an Optical Clock into a Time Scale at NIST: Simulations and Preliminary Real-Data Analysis

March 29, 2018
Author(s)
Jian Yao, Jeffrey A. Sherman, Tara M. Fortier, Thomas E. Parker, Judah Levine, Joshua J. Savory, Stefania Romisch, William F. McGrew, Robert J. Fasano, Stefan A. Schaeffer, Kyle P. Beloy, Andrew D. Ludlow
This paper shows the recent NIST work on incorporating an optical clock into a time scale. We simulate a time scale composed of continuously-operating commercial hydrogen masers and an optical frequency standard that does not operate continuously as a

Hyperpolarizability and Operational Magic Wavelength in an Optical Lattice Clock

December 19, 2017
Author(s)
Roger C. Brown, Nate B. Phillips, Kyle P. Beloy, William F. McGrew, Marco Schioppo, Robert J. Fasano, Gianmaria Milani, Xiaogang Zhang, Nathan M. Hinkley, Holly F. Leopardi, T H. Yoon, Daniele Nicolodi, Tara M. Fortier, Andrew D. Ludlow
Optical clocks benefit from tight atomic confinement enabling extended interrogation times as well as Doppler- and recoil-free operation. However, these benefits come at the cost of frequency shifts that, if not properly controlled, may degrade clock

Hyperfine-mediated electric quadrupole shifts in Al+ and In+ ion clocks

April 6, 2017
Author(s)
Kyle P. Beloy, David R. Leibrandt, Wayne M. Itano
We evaluate the electric quadrupole moments of the 1S0 and 3P0 clock states of 27Al+ and 115In+. To capture all dominant contributions, our analysis extends through third order of perturbation theory and includes hyperfine coupling of the electrons to both

Ultra-stable optical clock with two cold-atom ensembles

January 1, 2017
Author(s)
Marco Schioppo, Roger Brown, Will McGrew, Nathan M. Hinkley, Robert J. Fasano, Kyle Beloy, Gianmaria Milani, Daniele Nicolodi, Jeffrey Sherman, Nate B. Phillips, Christopher W. Oates, Andrew Ludlow
Atomic clocks based on optical transitions are the most stable, and therefore precise, timekeepers available. These clocks operate by alternating intervals of atomic interrogation with ‘dead' time required for quantum state preparation and readout. This

Atomic Clock with 1x10 -18 Room-Temperature Blackbody Stark Uncertainty

December 31, 2014
Author(s)
Kyle P. Beloy, Nathan M. Hinkley, Nate B. Phillips, Jeffrey A. Sherman, Marco Schioppo, John H. Lehman, Ari D. Feldman, Leonard M. Hanssen, Christopher W. Oates, Andrew D. Ludlow
The Stark shift due to blackbody radiation (BBR) is a key factor limiting the performance of many atomic frequency standards, with the BBR environment inside the clock apparatus being difficult to characterize at a high level of precision. Here we

An atomic clock with 10 -18 instability

September 13, 2013
Author(s)
Andrew D. Ludlow, Nathan M. Hinkley, Jeffrey A. Sherman, Nate B. Phillips, Marco Schioppo, Nathan D. Lemke, Kyle P. Beloy, M Pizzocaro, Christopher W. Oates
Atomic clocks have been transformational in science and technology, leading to innovations such as global positioning, advanced communications, and tests of fundamental constant variation. Next-generation optical atomic clocks can extend the capability of

Determination of the 5d6s 3D1 state lifetime and blackbody radiation clock shift in Yb

November 29, 2012
Author(s)
Kyle P. Beloy, Jeffrey A. Sherman, Nathan D. Lemke, Nathan M. Hinkley, Christopher W. Oates, Andrew D. Ludlow
The Stark shift of the ytterbium optical clock transition due to room temperature blackbody radiation is dominated by a static Stark effect, which was recently measured to high accuracy [J. A. Sherman et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 153002 (2012)]. However

Blackbody effects in the Yb optical lattice clock

May 24, 2012
Author(s)
Andrew D. Ludlow, Jeffrey A. Sherman, Nathan D. Lemke, Kyle P. Beloy, Nathan M. Hinkley, M. Pizzocaro, Richard W. Fox, Christopher W. Oates
We report a high accuracy measurement of the differential static polarizability for the clock transition in a Yb lattice clock, a key parameter for determining the blackbody BBR) shift of this transition. We further report efforts to determine the 6s5d3D1