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Publications

Search Publications by Sara Orski

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Displaying 1 - 23 of 23

AMB2018-03: Benchmark Physical Property Measurements for Material Extrusion Additive Manufacturing of Polycarbonate

October 29, 2020
Author(s)
Daniel P. Cole, Frank Gardea, Todd C. Henry, Jonathan Seppala, Edward Garboczi, Kalman D. Migler, Christopher M. Shumeyko, Jeffery R. Westrich, Sara Orski, Jeffery L. Gair
Material extrusion (MatEx) is finding increasing applications in additive manufacturing of thermoplastics due to the ease of use and the ability to process disparate polymers. Since part strength is anisotropic and frequently deviates negatively with

Design and Characterization of an Architecturally ‘Perfect’ Family of Linear Low-Density Polyethylenes (LLDPEs) by Multi-Detector Size Exclusion Chromatography

March 27, 2020
Author(s)
Sara V. Orski, Luke Kassekert, Wesley Farrell, Grace A. Kenlaw, Marc Hillmyer, Kathryn L. Beers
Separations of commercial polyethylenes, which often involve mixtures and copolymers of linear, short-chain, and long-chain branched chains, can be very challenging to optimize as species with similar hydrodynamic sizes or solubility often co-elute in

Macroscopic degradation behaviors of polyethylene under the influence of UV radiation and temperature

February 17, 2020
Author(s)
Hsiang C. Hsueh, Jae H. Kim, Sara Orski, Andrew Fairbrother, Deborah Jacobs, Donald L. Hunston, Christopher C. White, Li Piin Sung, Lakesha Perry
Accelerated weathering tests were performed to investigate the effects of multiple ultraviolet (UV) light intensities and temperatures on the tensile behavior of high-density polyethylene (HDPE). In the macroscopic degradation behavior of HDPE, tensile

Precision, Tunable Deuterated Polyethylene via Polyhomologation

July 22, 2019
Author(s)
Wesley Farrell, Sara Orski, Anthony Kotula, Kathryn Beers, Daniel Baugh
Polyhomologation (also known as "C1 polymerization") of a deuterated ylide has been performed, which yields linear polyethylene of high deuterium content. Copolymerization with the protonated analog allows for the preparation of sta-tistical copolymers, in

Polymer Identification of Plastic Debris Ingested by Pelagic-phase Sea Turtles in the Central Pacific

September 12, 2018
Author(s)
Melissa R. Jung, George H. Balazs, Thierry M. Work, T. T. Jones, Sara Orski, Viviana Rodriguez, Kathryn Beers, S. A. Abriola, K. D. Hyrenbach, Brenda A. Jensen, Jennifer Lynch
Pelagic Pacific sea turtles eat large quantities of plastic. We identified the polymers ingested by 37 olive ridley, 9 green and 4 loggerhead sea turtles caught as bycatch in Pacific longline fisheries using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy

Flow-induced crystallization during materials extrusion additive manufacturing

September 10, 2018
Author(s)
Lily Northcutt, Sara Orski, Kalman D. Migler, Anthony Kotula
Material extrusion additive manufacturing processes force molten polymer through a printer nozzle at high (> 100 s-1) wall shear rates prior to cooling and crystallization. These high shear rates can lead to flow-induced crystallization in common polymer

Adsorption of Polysorbate 20 and Proteins on Hydrophobic Polystyrene Surfaces Studied by Neutron Reflectometry

April 21, 2018
Author(s)
Zhenhuan NMN Zhang, Sara V. Orski, Ann Marie Woys, Guangcui Yuan, Isidro E. Zarraga, Norman J. Wagner, Yun Liu
Understanding adsorption of protein and surfactant to hydrophobic surfaces is key for storage stability and delivery of pharmaceutical liquid formulations, because many commonly-used devices, such as drug containers and syringes, have product-containing

Validation of ATR FT-IR to identify polymers of plastic marine debris, including those ingested by marine organisms

January 3, 2018
Author(s)
Melissa R. Jung, F. D. Horgen, Sara Orski, Viviana Rodriguez Cardenas, Kathryn Beers, George H. Balazs, T. T. Jones, Thierry M. Work, Kayla C. Brignac, Sarah-Jeanne Royer, K. D. Hyrenbach, Brenda A. Jensen, Jennifer Lynch
Polymer identification of plastic marine debris can help identify its sources, degradation, and fate. We optimized and validated a fast, simple, and accessible technique, attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR), to

Surface interaction parameter measurement of solvated polymers via model end-tethered chains

August 11, 2017
Author(s)
Richard J. Sheridan, Sara V. Orski, Ronald L. Jones, Sushil K. Satija, Kathryn L. Beers
We present a method for the direct measurement of the relative energy of interaction between a solvated polymer and a solid interface. By tethering linear chains covalently to the surface, we ensured the idealized and constant configuration of polymer

Advances in Next-Generation Polyolefin Standard Reference Materials

May 17, 2017
Author(s)
Sara V. Orski, Wesley S. Farrell, Andre M. Striegel, Kathryn L. Beers
NIST’s approach to modernizing its synthetic polymer reference materials is to target precise and robust synthetic methods, making homogeneous standards than can be easily tailored to include desired chemistry, molar mass, and topography. This strategy

Ultraviolet/Ozone as a tool to control grafting density in surface-initiated controlled-radical polymerizations via ablation of bromine

July 21, 2016
Author(s)
Richard J. Sheridan, Sara V. Orski, Shinichiro Muramoto, Christopher M. Stafford, Kathryn L. Beers
We used an ultraviolet-ozone (UVO) cleaner to create substrates for atom-transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) with varying surface initiator coverage. We collected complementary time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) and X-ray

STANDARD REFERENCE MATERIALS FOR THE POLYMERS INDUSTRY

May 25, 2016
Author(s)
Walter G. McDonough, Sara V. Orski, Charles M. Guttman, Kalman D. Migler, Kathryn L. Beers
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) provides science, industry, and government with a central source of well-characterized materials certified for chemical composition or for some chemical or physical property. These materials are

Bottom Up Approaches to Improved Polyolefin Measurements

February 5, 2016
Author(s)
Sara V. Orski, Thomas W. Rosch, Anthony P. Kotula, Richard J. Sheridan, Frederick R. Phelan Jr., Kalman D. Migler, Chad R. Snyder, Luis Fernando Vargas Lara, Jack F. Douglas, Kathryn L. Beers
As a class of materials, polyolefins remain the largest production volume polymer in the world, as well as a highly desirable medium from which to engineer high performance and advanced properties for new applications. After decades of research, there are

Understanding the Decreased Segmental Dynamics of Supported Thin Polymer Films Reported by Incoherent Neutron Scattering

February 10, 2015
Author(s)
Changhuai Ye, Clinton G. Wiener, Madhu Sudan Tyagi, David Uhrig, Sara Orski, Christopher Soles, Bryan D. Vogt, David S. Simmons
Incoherent neutron scattering (INS) has commonly reported a suppression of segmental dynamics for supported thin polymer films as thickness is decreased, which is counter to expectations based on other measurement techniques such as ellipsometry and

Design and Implementation of Two-Dimensional Polymer Adsorption Models: Evaluating the Stability of Candida Antartica Lipase B at Solid-Support Interfaces by QCM-D

January 4, 2013
Author(s)
Sara V. Orski, Santanu Kundu, Richard Gross, Kathryn L. Beers
A two-dimensional model of a solid-supported enzyme catalyst bead is fabricated on a quartz crystal microbalance sensor to measure in situ stability and mechanical properties of Candida Antartica Lipase B (CAL B) layers under varied conditions relating to

SOLID-SUPPORTED ENZYME CATALYST MODELS FOR RING-OPENING POLYMERIZATION

April 27, 2012
Author(s)
Sara V. Orski, Santanu S. Kundu, Kathryn L. Beers, Richard A. Gross
The enzyme Candida antarctica Lipase B (CAL B), immobilized on a crosslinked poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) support, catalyzes the ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone to make biodegradable polyesters. Weak hydrophobic interactions of CAL B

Stability of Solid-Supported Enzyme Catalysts for Ring-Opening Polymerization

March 19, 2012
Author(s)
Sara V. Orski, Santanu S. Kundu, Kathryn L. Beers, Richard Gross
The enzyme Candida antarctica Lipase B (CAL B), immobilized on a crosslinked poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) support, catalyzes the ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone to make biodegradable polyesters. Weak hydrophobic interactions of CAL B