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Search Publications by: Erich N. Grossman (Fed)

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 87

Propagation of Compact-Modeling Measurement Uncertainty to 220 GHz Power-Amplifier Designs

November 5, 2018
Jerome Cheron, Dylan Williams, Konstanty Lukasik, Richard Chamberlin, Benjamin Jamroz, Erich N. Grossman, Wojciech Wiatr, Dominique Schreurs
We studied the impact of measurement uncertainties in a HBT model and their consequences on the electrical performance under large signal conditions at 9 GHz. Then we use the model with uncertainties to verify the ability of our model to accurately predict

Submillimeter Wavelength Scattering from Random Rough Surfaces

August 9, 2017
Erich N. Grossman, Richard A. Chamberlin, David R. Novotny, Joshua A. Gordon, Nina P. Basta
We describe bistatic scattering measurements on eight reference targets constructed from Al 2 O 3 grit of various sizes embedded in an absorptive epoxy matrix. These samples' surface topographies were measured using focus-variation microscopy, and their

650 GHz bistatic scattering measurements on human skin

June 9, 2014
Richard A. Chamberlin, Natalie P. Mujica-Schwahn, Erich N. Grossman
Many groups are developing submillimeter cameras that will be used to screen human subjects for improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and other threat items hidden beneath their clothing. To interpret submillimeter camera images the scattering properties

Advanced designs for non-imaging submillimeter-wave Winston cone concentrators

May 21, 2014
Andrew O. Nelson, Erich N. Grossman
We describe the design and simulation of several non-imaging concentrators designed to couple submillimeter wavelength radiation from free space into highly overmoded, rectangular, WR-10 waveguide. Previous designs are altered to improve the uniformity of

Terahertz Active and Passive Imaging

April 11, 2014
Erich N. Grossman, Joshua A. Gordon, David R. Novotny, Richard A. Chamberlin
We describe the results of bistatic scattering measurements covering 325-650 GHz on a series of wellcharacterized random rough test surfaces. These have implications for active THz imagers that use coherent sources for illumination. The mean scattered

Non-imaging Winston Cone Concentrators for Submillimeter-wave, Overmoded Waveguide

January 1, 2014
Erich N. Grossman, Oscar D. Friedman, Andrew O. Nelson
We describe the design, simulation, and measured performance of concentrators designed to couple submillimeter wavelength radiation from free space into highly overmoded, rectangular, WR-10 waveguide. They consist of a combination of a Winston cone, (also

G-band micro-fabricated frequency-steered arrays with 2deg/GHz beam steering

July 17, 2013
Leonardo M. Ranzani, Daniel G. Kuester, Kenneth Vanhille, Anatoliy Boryssenko, Erich N. Grossman, Zoya Popovic
In this paper, we describe micro-fabricated frequency-scanned slot waveguide arrays operating between 130 and 180 GHz for planetary landing radar. The group delay dispersion of the feed line is increased by corrugating the bottom rectangular waveguide wall


October 26, 2012
David R. Novotny, Josh Gordon, Edwin J. Heilweil, Brian C. Stillwell, Jeffrey R. Guerrieri, Erich N. Grossman, Shu Z. Lo
Beginning the fall of 2012, NIST will be providing scattering measurements for other government agencies. We present performance results of a bi-directional scattering measurement system in the 200-500 GHz range. The goal is to provide dense-spectrum, bi

Laser power meter comparison at far infrared wavelengths and terahertz frequencies

August 1, 2012
John H. Lehman, Marla L. Dowell, Nina P. Basta, Kerry N. Betz, Erich N. Grossman
We have evaluated the responsivity of seven different detectors compared to an electrically calibrated photo-acoustic detector at 119 υm (2.5 THz) and 394 υm (0.76 THz) laser wavelengths. Among the detectors is an electrically calibrated thermopile having

The winter time South Pole tropospheric water vapor column: Comparisons of radiosonde and recent terahertz radiometry, use of the saturated column as a proxy measurement; and inference of decadal trends

July 7, 2012
Richard A. Chamberlin, Erich N. Grossman
We use a fifty year record of winter time radiosonde observations at the South Pole to estimate the precipitable water vapor column (PWV) over the entire period. Humidity data from older radiosondes is of limited reliability; however, we think an

Carbon nanotube arrays for absolute IR and THz radiometry

October 2, 2011
John H. Lehman, Kerry N. Betz, Erich N. Grossman
We have assembled and evaluated a novel electrically calibrated thermopile having an array of 1.5 mm long multiwalled carbon nanotubes as the radiation absorber. We find very low reflectance at the 390 υm laser wavelength and excellent agreement between

Terahertz metrology and instrumentation

August 29, 2011
Erich N. Grossman, Zoya Popovic
This paper gives an overview of measurement techniques used in the THz region of the electromagnetic spectrum, from about 100 GHz to several THz. Currently available components necessary for THz metrology, such as sources, detectors and passives, are

A general approach to low noise readout of terahertz imaging arrays

June 16, 2011
Erich N. Grossman, Jonathan D. Chisum, Zoya Popovic
This article describes the theory and design of an ultra-low noise electronic readout circuit for use with room temperature video-rate terahertz imaging arrays. First, the noise characteristics of various imaging detectors, including low resistance

Passive terahertz camera for standoff security screening

July 1, 2010
Erich N. Grossman, Charles Dietlein
We describe the construction and performance of a passive, real-time terahertz camera based on a modular, 64-element linear array of cryogenic hotspot microbolometers. A reflective conical scanner sweeps out a 2 m ×4 m(vertical × horizontal) field of view

Amorphous Nb-Si Barrier Junctions for Voltage Standard and Digital Applications

June 3, 2009
David I. Olaya, Paul Dresselhaus, Samuel Benz, Jon E. Bjarnason, Erich N. Grossman
Amorphous Nb-Si has been previously demonstrated as a Josephson junction barrier material for Nb-based superconducting voltage standard circuits, including both dc programmable and ac Josephson voltage standards operating at frequencies up to 20 GHz. This

Detection and segmentation of concealed objects in terahertz images

December 1, 2008
Xilin Shen, Charles Dietlein, Erich N. Grossman, Zoya Popovic, Francois Meyer
Terahertz imaging has been shown to successfully detect objects concealed underneath clothing, by measuring the radiometric temperatures of different objects on a human subject. The goal of this work is to automatically detect and segment concealed objects

Aqueous blackbody calibration source for millimeter-wave/terahertz metrology

October 20, 2008
Charles Dietlein, Zoya Popovic, Erich N. Grossman
This paper describes a calibrated broadband emitter for the millimeter-wave through terahertz frequency regime, called the aqueous blackbody calibration source. Due to its extremely high absorption, liquid water is chosen as the emitter on the basis of

Imaging with modular linear arrays of cryogenic Nb microbolometers

March 17, 2008
Erich N. Grossman, Charles Dietlein, Jon E. Bjarnason, Mabel Ramirez, M. Leivo, J. A. Penttila, P. Helisto, A. Luukanen
We present ultrawideband imagery obtained with modular, 8-element, superconducting Nb microbolometer arrays. Conically scanned images are presented and compared with raster-scanned images obtained on the same arrays and from similar NbN arrays at VTT

A W-band polarization converter and isolator

June 6, 2007
Charles Dietlein, A. Luukanen, Zoya Popovic, Erich N. Grossman
This paper presents a 95-GHz printed low-loss linear-to-circular polarizer designed as a component of an active direct-detection millimeter-wave imaging system. The periodic printed structure presents different reactances to the TE and TM polarizations