Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Aqueous blackbody calibration source for millimeter-wave/terahertz metrology

Published

Author(s)

Charles Dietlein, Zoya Popovic, Erich N. Grossman

Abstract

This paper describes a calibrated broadband emitter for the millimeter-wave through terahertz frequency regime, called the aqueous blackbody calibration source. Due to its extremely high absorption, liquid water is chosen as the emitter on the basis of reciprocity. The water is constrained to a specific shape (an optical trap geometry) in an expanded polystyrene (EPS) container and maintained at a selected, uniform temperature. Uncertainty in the selected radiometric temperature due to the undesirable reflectance present at a water interface is minimized by the trap geometry, ensuring that radiation incident on the entrance aperture encounters a pair of p relections at 45 degrees. For water reflectance Rw of 40% at 45 degrees in the W-band, this implies a theoretical effective aperture emissivity of (1-R2wsR2wp) > 98.8%. From the W-band to 450 GHz, the maximum radiometric temperature uncertainty is ±0.40 K, independent of water temperature. Uncertainty from 450 GHz to 1 THz is increased due to EPS scattering and absorption, resulting in a maximum uncertainty of -3 K at 1 THz.
Citation
Applied Optics
Volume
47
Issue
30

Keywords

blackbody, calibration, metrology, source, terahertz

Citation

Dietlein, C. , Popovic, Z. and Grossman, E. (2008), Aqueous blackbody calibration source for millimeter-wave/terahertz metrology, Applied Optics, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=32783 (Accessed February 27, 2024)
Created October 20, 2008, Updated February 19, 2017