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Search Publications by: Dr. Peter M. Vallone (Fed)

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 88

Digital PCR for the Characterization of Reference Materials

February 14, 2024
Megan Cleveland, Hua-Jun He, Mojca Milavec, Young-Kyung Bae, Peter Vallone, Jim Huggett
Well characterized reference materials are essential to ensuring the harmonization and accuracy of nucleic acid-based tests (such as qPCR); digital PCR (dPCR) can measure the absolute concentration of a specific nucleic acid sequence in a background of non

Results of German external quality assessment schemes for SARS-CoV-2 antigen detection

August 14, 2023
Laura Vierbaum, Nathalie Wojtalewicz, Peter Grunert, Anika Zimmerman, Annemarie Scholz, Sabine Goseberg, Patricia Kaiser, Ulf Duehring, Christian Drosten, Victor Max Corman, Daniela Niemeyer, Holger F. Rabenau, Martin Obermeier, Andreas Nitsche, Janine Michel, Jim Huggett, Denise O'Sullivan, Simon Cowen, Peter Vallone, Megan Cleveland, Samreen Falak, Andreas Kummrow, Ingo Schellenberg, Heinz Zeichhardt, Martin Kammel
The COVID-19 pandemic illustrated the important role of diagnostic tests, including lateral flow tests (LFTs), in identifying patients and their contacts to slow the spread of infections. INSTAND performed external quality assessments (EQA) for SARS-CoV-2

Deep Sequencing and Molecular Characterisation of BK Virus and JC Virus WHO International Reference Materials for Clinical Diagnostic Use

May 30, 2023
Sheila Govind, Martin Fritzsche, Adrian Jenkins, Megan Cleveland, Peter Vallone, Neil Almond, Clare Morris, Neil Berry
Reactivation of JC and BK polyomaviruses during immunosuppressive transplantation procedures can lead to adverse clinical outcomes. In renal transplant recipients BKV-associated nephropathy can result in graft loss, while prolonged immunomodulatory drug

U.S. population data for 94 identity informative SNP loci

May 15, 2023
Kevin Kiesler, Lisa Borsuk, Becky Steffen, Peter Vallone, Katherine Gettings
The U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology analyzed a set of 1036 samples representing four major U.S. population groups (African American, Asian American, Caucasian, and Hispanic) with the ForenSeq DNA Signature Prep Kit, DNA primer mix B

Rapid Production and Free Distribution of a Synthetic RNA Material to Support SARS-CoV-2 Molecular Diagnostic Testing

May 3, 2023
Megan Cleveland, Erica Romsos, Becky Steffen, Nathanael David Olson, Stephanie Servetas, William Valiant, Peter Vallone
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the National Institute of Standards and Technology released a synthetic RNA material for SARS-CoV-2 in June 2020. The goal was to rapidly produce a material to support molecular diagnostic testing applications. This


December 16, 2022
Becky Steffen, Erica Romsos, Kevin Kiesler, Lisa Borsuk, Katherine Gettings, Peter Vallone
Standard Reference Material (SRM) 2391d: PCR-Based DNA Profiling Standard was released to the forensic community in 2019. Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) was used as the primary method of certification, where certified values were assigned when a high

STRSeq: FAQ for submitting

December 1, 2022
Lisa Borsuk, Peter Vallone, Katherine Gettings
The STR sequencing project was developed due to the necessity of publicly sharing sequencing information about Short Tandem Repeats (STR) associated with human identification. Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) or Massively Parallel Sequencing (MPS) is

Population data for 94 identity SNPs in four U.S. population groups

September 23, 2022
Kevin Kiesler, Lisa Borsuk, Becky Steffen, Katherine Gettings, Peter Vallone
The U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) sequenced 1036 human DNA samples from four United States population groups (African American, Asian, Hispanic, and Caucasian) using the ForenSeq DNA Signature Prep Kit with Primer Mix B (DPMB)

Reference Material 8376 Microbial Pathogen DNA Standards for Detection and Identification

June 1, 2022
Jason Kralj, Dieter Tourlousse, Monique Hunter, Erica Romsos, Blaza Toman, Peter Vallone, Scott Jackson
Reference Material (RM) 8376 is intended for NGS-based measurements quantitative to the chromosome. A unit of RM 8376 consists of 20 components (A-T, 19 bacteria and 1 human) each containing well-characterized DNA in 10 mmol/L Tris-HCl, 1 mmol/L EDTA pH 8

Massively parallel sequencing data of 31 autosomal STR loci obtained using the Precision ID GlobalFiler NGS STR Panel v2 for 82 Japanese population samples

April 29, 2022
Tetsushi Kitayama, Kevin Kiesler, Takashi Fukagawa, Haruhiko Watahiki, Yusuke Mita, Koji Fujii, Kazumasa Sekiguchi, Peter Vallone, Natsuko Mizuno
Allele frequencies for 31 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci (CSF1PO, D10S1248, D12ATA63, D12S391, D13S317, D14S1434, D16S539, D18S51, D19S433, D1S1656, D1S1677, D21S11, D22S1045, D2S1338, D2S1776, D2S441, D3S1358, D3S4529, D4S2408, D5S2800, D5S818

A Roadmap for LIMS at NIST Material Measurement Laboratory

April 11, 2022
Gretchen Greene, Jared Ragland, Zachary Trautt, June W. Lau, Raymond Plante, Joshua Taillon, Adam Abel Creuziger, Chandler A. Becker, Joe Bennett, Niksa Blonder, Lisa Borsuk, Carelyn E. Campbell, Adam Friss, Lucas Hale, Michael Halter, Robert Hanisch, Gary R. Hardin, Lyle E. Levine, Samantha Maragh, Sierra Miller, Chris Muzny, Marcus William Newrock, John Perkins, Anne L. Plant, Bruce D. Ravel, David J. Ross, John Henry J. Scott, Christopher Szakal, Alessandro Tona, Peter Vallone
Instrumentation generates data faster and in higher quantity than ever before, and interlaboratory research is in historic demand domestically and internationally to stimulate economic innovation. Strategic mission needs of the NIST Material Measurement

RNA reference materials with defined viral RNA loads of SARS-CoV-2 - A useful tool towards a better PCR assay harmonization

January 20, 2022
Laura Vierbaum, Nathalie Wojtalewicz, Vanessa Lindig, Ulf Duhring, Hans-Peter Grunert, Christian Drosten, Victor Corman, Daniela Niemeyer, Sandra Ciesek, Holger Rabenau, Annemarie Berger, Martin Obermeier, Andreas Nitsche, Janine Michel, Martin Mielke, Jim Huggett, Denise O'Sullivan, Simon Cowen, Megan Cleveland, Peter Vallone, Samreen Falak, Andreas Kummrow, Thomas Keller, Ingo Schellenberg, Heinz Zeichhardt, Martin Kammel
The outbreak and pandemic spread of SARS-CoV-2, the cause of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), led to the need for a reliable detection method to track the circulation of this virus. After introducing PCR methods for genome detection of SARS-CoV-2

One in seven pathogenic variants can be challenging to detect by NGS: an analysis of 450,000 patients with implications for clinical sensitivity and genetic test implementation

May 18, 2021
Stephen Lincoln, Tina Hambuch, Justin Zook, Sara Bristow, Kathryn Hatchell, Rebecca Truty, Michael Kennemer, Brian Shirts, Andrew Fellowes, Shimul Chowdhury, Eric Klee, Shazia Mahamdallie, Megan Cleveland, Peter Vallone, Yan Ding, Sheila Seal, Wasanthi DeSilva, Farol Tomson, Catherine Huang Huang, Russell Garlick, Nazneen Rahman, Marc L. Salit, Stephen Kingsmore, Matthew Ferber, Swaroop Aradhya, Robert Nussbaum
Next-generation sequencing (NGS) is widely used and cost-effective. However, depending on the specific methods used, NGS can have limitations with certain technically challenging variant types. These types are poorly represented in some validation studies

Cautionary Note on Contamination of Reagents Used for Molecular Detection of SARS-CoV-2

May 3, 2021
Peter Vallone, James Huggett, Vladimir Benes, Jeremy Garson, Kathryn Harris, Mikael Kubista, Timothy McHugh, Jacob Moran-Gilad, Tania Nolan, Michael Pfaffl, Marc Salit, Greg Shipley, Jo Vandesompele
Reverse transcription (RT)-PCR, the principal diagnostic method applied in the world-wide struggle against COVID-19, is capable of detecting a single molecule of a viral genome. Correctly designed and practiced RT-PCR assays for SARS-CoV-2 should not cross

Revision of the SNPforID 34-plex forensic ancestry test: Assay enhancements, standard reference sample genotypes and extended population studies

May 3, 2021
John Butler, Manuel Fondevila, Carla Santos, Ana Freire, Christopher Phillips, M Lareu, Peter Vallone
A revision of an established 34 SNP forensic ancestry test has been made by swapping the under- performing rs727811 component SNP with the highly informative rs3827760 that shows a near-fixed East Asian specific allele. We collated SNP variability data for

Sequence-based U.S. population data for 7 X STR loci

April 26, 2021
Lisa Borsuk, Carolyn R. Steffen, Kevin M. Kiesler, Peter Vallone, Katherine Gettings
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) U.S. population sample set of unrelated individuals was used to determine allele and haplotype frequencies for seven X-chromosome short tandem repeat (STR) loci in four linkage groups. DXS7132

NIST Scientific Foundation Reviews

December 18, 2020
John M. Butler, Hariharan K. Iyer, Richard A. Press, Melissa Taylor, Peter Vallone, Sheila Willis
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is a scientific research agency that works to advance measurement science, standards, and technology and that has been working to strengthen forensic science methods for almost a century. In recent

Classification of STR allelic variation using massively parallel sequencing and assessment of flanking region power

July 12, 2020
Laurence Devesse, Lucinda Davenport, Lisa Borsuk, Katherine Gettings, Gabriella Mason-Buck, Peter Vallone, David Ballard
The application of massively parallel sequencing (MPS) to forensic genetics has led to improvements in multiple aspects of DNA analysis, however, additional complexities are concurrently associated with these advances. In relation to short tandem repeat