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Search Publications by

Steven W. Brown (Fed)

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 162

Characterization and Absolute Calibration of an AERONET-OC Radiometer

April 15, 2021
B. Carol Johnson, Giuseppe Zibordi, Steven W. Brown, Michael Feinholz, Mikhail Sorokin, Ilya Slutsker, John T. Woodward IV, Howard Yoon
The Ocean Color component of the global Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET-OC) utilizes CE-318 sun photometers modified for above-water radiometry from fixed structures such as oil rigs, lighthouses, and service platforms. Primarily, AERONET-OC measurements

Optical and Mechanical Design of a Telescope for Lunar Spectral Irradiance Measurements from a High-Altitude Aircraft

September 8, 2020
Clarence Zarobila, Steven Grantham, Steven W. Brown, John T. Woodward IV, Stephen Maxwell, Dana R. Defibaugh, Thomas C. Larason, Kevin Turpie
We have designed a non-imaging telescope for measurement of the spectral irradiance of the moon. The telescope was integrated into a wing pod of a NASA ER-2 research aircraft to measure lunar spectral irradiance during flight. The telescope and support

Invited Article: Advances in Tunable Laser-based Radiometric Calibration Applications at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, USA

September 26, 2018
John T. Woodward IV, Ping-Shine Shaw, Howard Yoon, Yuqin Zong, Steven W. Brown, Keith R. Lykke
Recent developments at the National Institute of Standards and Technology's facility for Spectral Irradiance and Radiance responsivity Calibrations using Uniform Sources (SIRCUS) are presented. The facility is predicated on the use of broadly tunable

Monochromatic Measurements of the JPSS-1 VIIRS Polarization Sensitivity

September 12, 2016
Steven W. Brown, Keith R. Lykke, Jeff McIntire, David Moyer, Eugene Waluschka, Hassan Oudrari, Xiaoxiong Xiong
The polarization sensitivity is a critical parameter that must be characterized for spaceborne remote sensing instruments designed tomeasure reflected solar radiation such as the first Joint Polar-orbiting Satellite System (JPSS-1) Visible Infrared Imaging

Comparison of two methodologies for calibrating satellite instruments in the visible and near-infrared

December 10, 2015
Steven W. Brown, Keith R. Lykke, Robert A. Barnes, Bruce Guenther, James J. Butler, Thomas Schwarting, David Moyer, Frank DeLuccia, Christopher Moeller
Traditionally, satellite instruments that measure Earth-reflected solar radiation in the visible and near infrared wavelength regions have been calibrated for radiance responsivity in a two-step method. In the first step, the relative spectral response

VIIRS/J1 Polarization Narrative

September 15, 2015
Keith R. Lykke, Steven W. Brown, Eugene Waluschka, Joel McCorkel, Jeff McIntire, David Moyer, Brendan McAndrew, James B. Young, Eric Fest, James Butler, Tung R. Wang, Eslim O. Monroy, Kevin Turpie, Gerhard Meister, Kurtis J. Thome
The VIS/NIR bands polarization sensitivity of Joint Polar Satellite Sensor 1 (JPSS1) Visible/Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) instrument was measured using a broadband source. While polarization sensitivity for bands M5-M7, I1, and I2 was less


June 19, 2015
Bettye C. Johnson, Steven W. Brown, John T. Woodward IV, Keith R. Lykke, Giuseppe Zibordi
The global Aerosol Robotic Network for Ocean Color (AERONET-OC) program utilizes AERONET CE-318 sun photometers (termed “SeaPRISMs”) modified for in-air observations of ocean waters situated on oil drilling rigs, off-shore lighthouses, or other platforms

The Cosmic Infrared Background Experiment (CIBER): The Low Resolution Spectrometer

May 14, 2015
K. Tsumura, T. Aria, J. Battle, J. Bock, Steven W. Brown, A. Cooray, V. Hristov, B. Keating, M. G. Kim, D. H. Lee, L. R. Levenson, Keith R. Lykke, P. Mason, T. Matsumoto, S. Matsuura, K. Murata, U. W. Nam, T. Renbarger, Allan W. Smith, I. Sullivan, K. Suzuki, T. Wada, M. Zemcov, U. W. Nam, B. Shultz, I. Sullivan, P. M. Korngut
Absolute spectrophotometric measurements of diffuse radiation at 1−2 μm are crucial to our understanding of the radiative content of the Universe from nucleosynthesis since the epoch of reionization, the composition and structure of the Zodiacal dust cloud

The Cosmic Infrared Background Experiment (CIBER): the Narrow Band Spectrometer

August 19, 2013
Steven W. Brown, Keith R. Lykke, Allan W. Smith, P M. Korngut, T. Renbarger, T. Arai, J. Battle, A. Cooray, V. Hristov, B. Keating, M. G. Kims, A. Lanz, D. H. Lee, L. R. Levenson, P. Mason, T. Matsumoto, S. Matsuura, U. W. Niam, B. Shultz, I. Sullivan, K. Tsumura, T. Wada, M. Zemcov
We have developed a near-infrared spectrometer designed to measure the absolute intensity of the Solar 854.2 nm Ca II Fraunhofer line, scattered by interplanetary dust, in the Zodiacal light spectrum. Based on the known equivalent line width in the Solar

Tunable Laser Techniques for Improving the Precision of Optical Astronomy

September 13, 2012
Keith R. Lykke, Claire E. Cramer, John T. Woodward IV, Steven W. Brown, Ping-Shine Shaw
Improving the precision of optical astronomy requires not only new telescopes and instrumentation, but also advances in observing protocols, calibrations and data analysis. The Laser Applications Group at the National Institute of Standards and Technology

Stray light correction algorithm for multi-spectral hyperspectral spectrographs

June 1, 2012
Michael Feinholz, Stephanie J. Flora, Steven W. Brown, Yuqin Zong, Keith R. Lykke, Mark A. Yarbrough, B. Carol Johnson, D. K. Clark
An algorithm is developed to correct a multi-channel fiber-coupled spectrograph for stray or scattered light within the system. The efficacy of the algorithm is evaluated based on a series of validation measurements of sources with different spectral

Hyperspectral Image Projector Applications

February 15, 2012
Joseph P. Rice, Steven W. Brown, David W. Allen, Howard W. Yoon, Maritoni A. Litorja, Jeeseong Hwang
For the past several years NIST has been developing, along with several collaborators, a Hyperspectral Image Projector (HIP). This scene projector produces high-resolution programmable spectra and projects them into dynamic two-dimensional images. The

Results from Solar Reflective Band End-to-End Testing for VIIRS F1 Sensor Using T-SIRCUS

October 24, 2011
Jeff McIntire, David Moyer, James K. McCarthy, Steven W. Brown, Keith R. Lykke, Frank De Luccia, Xiaoxiong Xiong, James J. Butler, Bruce Guenther
Verification of the Visible Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) End-to-End (E2E) sensor calibration is highly recommended before launch, to identify any anomalies and to improve our understanding of the sensor on-orbit calibration performance. E2E

Ground-based observatory operations optimized and enhanced by direct atmospheric measurements

July 22, 2010
John T. McGraw, Peter C. Zimmer, Azzam Mansour, Dean C. Hines, Anthony B. Hull, Lisa Rossmann, Daniel C. Zirzow, Steven W. Brown, Gerald T. Fraser, Keith R. Lykke, Allan W. Smith, John T. Woodward IV, Christopher W. Stubbs
Earth's atmosphere represents a turbulent, turbid refractive element for every ground-based telescope. We describe the significantly enhanced and optimized operation of observatories supported by the combination of a lidar and spectrophotometer that allows

Spectroradiometric Calibration of Telescopes using Laser Illumination of Flat Field Screens

July 15, 2010
Steven W. Brown, Claire E. Cramer, Keith R. Lykke, Allan W. Smith, John T. Woodward IV, Peter Doherty, Emilio Falco, Christopher W. Stubbs
It is standard practice at many telescopes to take a series of flat field images prior to an observation run. Typically the flat field consists of a screen mounted inside the telescope dome that is uniformly illuminated with a broadband light source. These

Space-based photometric precision from ground-based telescopes

July 1, 2010
Peter C. Zimmer, John T. McGraw, Anthony B. Hull, Daniel C. Zirzow, Steven W. Brown, Claire E. Cramer, Gerald T. Fraser, Keith R. Lykke, Allan W. Smith, John T. Woodward IV, Christopher W. Stubbs, Mark R. Ackermann, Dean C. Hines
Ground-based telescopes supported by lidar and spectrophotometric auxiliary instrumentation can attain space-based precision for all-sky photometry, with uncertainties dominated by fundamental photon counting statistics. Earth‟s atmosphere is a wavelength-

Internal quantum efficiency modeling of silicon photodiodes

April 1, 2010
Thomas R. Gentile, Steven W. Brown, Keith R. Lykke, Ping-Shine Shaw, John T. Woodward IV
Results are presented for modeling of the internal quantum efficiency (IQE) of silicon photodiodes in the 400 nm to 900 nm wavelength range. The IQE data are based on measurements of the external quantum efficiencies of three transmission trap detectors

Hyperspectral Imager Characterization and Calibration

December 1, 2009
John T. Woodward IV, Steven W. Brown, Allan W. Smith, Keith R. Lykke
Current radiometric calibration standards, specifically blackbody and lamp-based optical radiation sources, produce spatially, spectrally, and temporally simple scenes. Hyperspectral imaging instruments, which in-practice view spatially, spectrally, and

A proposed global atmospheric monitoring networkbased on standard stars

November 2, 2009
Gerald T. Fraser, Steven W. Brown, Keith R. Lykke, John T. McGraw, Allan W. Smith, John T. Woodward IV, Peter C. Zimmer, Christopher W. Stubbs
The feasibility of developing a network of telescopes to monitor the composition of the nighttime atmosphere using stellar spectrophotometry is explored. Spectral measurements of the extinction of starlight by the atmosphere would allow, for instance

Report on the Key Comparison CCPR K2.a-2003

October 30, 2009
Yoshihiro Ohno, Steven W. Brown, Thomas C. Larason
Under the framework of Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA) for national measurements standards and for calibration and measurement certificates issued by National Metrology Institutes (NMIs) signed in 1999, an international comparison of spectral

Absolute Flux Calibration of Stars; Calibration of the Reference Telescope

June 2, 2009
Allan W. Smith, John T. Woodward IV, Colleen A. Jenkins, Steven W. Brown, Keith R. Lykke
Absolute stellar photometry is based on 1970s terrestrial measurements of the star Vega with instruments calibrated using the Planckian radiance from a Cu fixed-point blackbody. Significant advances in absolute radiometry have been made in the last 30