Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.


Search Publications by Lyle E. Levine

Search Title, Abstract, Conference, Citation, Keyword or Author
Displaying 1 - 25 of 128

Atomistic Insights into Disclocation Dynamics in Metal Forming

October 12, 2021
Francesca Tavazza, Anne M. Chaka, Lyle E. Levine
Almost all of the mechanical behavior changes that occur during plastic deformation result from the evolution of dislocation structures. Statistical models, like strain percolation theory, have been developed to understand the transport of dislocations

Critical Behavior of a Strain Percolatin Model for Metals with Unstable Locks

October 12, 2021
Y Shim, Lyle E. Levine, R M. Thomson, M Savage
Using a strain percolatin model proposed for the transport of mobile dislocations through a dislocation cell structure in a deforming metal, we have further explored the critical behavior of the model when there are some unstable locks present in the

Percolation Theory Prediction of Green Strength in Composites

October 12, 2021
Y Shim, Lyle E. Levine, Richard J. Fields
We have measured the mechanical strength of composites made by pressing mixed powders of deformable aluminum (Al) and non-deformable silicon carbide (SiC) as a function of the volume fraction of SiC and porosity. The experimental results show a peak in

Subsolidus Phase Relationships in the AO-AI 2 O 3 -Nb 2 O 5 (A=Ca, Sr) Systems

October 12, 2021
Julia Y. Chan, Wilma Feb-Ayala, J. M. Loezos, L D. Rotter, Lyle E. Levine, Richard G. Geyer
Dielectric ceramics for wireless communications exhibiting modest permittivity, high quality factor (Q), and near-zero temperature coefficient are needed for high-frequency, high power applications. Efforts are in progress to replace Ta2O5-based ceramics

Theory of Strain Percolation in Metals

October 12, 2021
R Thomson, Lyle E. Levine
We demonstrate that a deforming metal is a self organizing critical system, and that the stress-strain law can be expressed as an integration of certain derivatives of internal variables along the critical line of the system.

X-Ray Diffraciton and the Existence of Long Range Internal Stresses

October 12, 2021
M A. Delos-Reyes, M E. Kassner, Lyle E. Levine
Long range internal stresses (LRIS) are often used to explain various aspects of the mechanical behavior of materials. Recent experiments by the authors indicate an absence of measurable LRIS. X-ray line asymmetry, however, has long been interpreted as an

Solid-State Transformation of an Additive Manufactured Inconel 625 Alloy at 700 degC

September 23, 2021
Fan Zhang, Jan Ilavsky, Greta Lindwall, Mark R. Stoudt, Lyle E. Levine, Andrew J. Allen
Inconel 625, a nickel-based superalloy, has drawn much attention in the emerging field of additive manufacturing (AM) because of its excellent weldability and resistance to hot cracking. The extreme processing condition of AM often introduces enormous

Location-specific Microstructure Characterization Within IN625 Additive Manufacturing Benchmark Test Artifacts

March 3, 2020
Mark R. Stoudt, Maureen E. Williams, Lyle E. Levine, Adam Abel Creuziger, Sandra A. Young, Jarred C. Heigel, Brandon Lane, Thien Q. Phan
Additive manufacturing (AM) of metals creates segregated microstructures with significant differences from those of traditional wrought alloys. Understanding how the local build conditions generate specific microstructures is essential for developing post

Outcomes and Conclusions from the 2018 AM-Bench Measurements, Challenge Problems, Modeling Submissions, and Conference

February 13, 2020
Lyle E. Levine, Brandon M. Lane, Jarred C. Heigel, Kalman D. Migler, Mark R. Stoudt, Thien Q. Phan, Richard E. Ricker, Maria Strantza, Michael R. Hill, Fan Zhang, Jonathan E. Seppala, Edward J. Garboczi, Erich D. Bain, Daniel Cole, Andrew J. Allen, Jason C. Fox, Carelyn E. Campbell
The Additive Manufacturing Benchmark Test Series (AM-Bench) was established to provide rigorous measurement test data for validating additive manufacturing (AM) simulations for a broad range of AM technologies and material systems. AM-Bench includes

Measurements of Melt Pool Geometry and Cooling Rates of Individual Laser Traces on IN625 Bare Plates

February 5, 2020
Brandon M. Lane, Jarred C. Heigel, Richard E. Ricker, Ivan Zhirnov, Vladimir Khromchenko, Jordan S. Weaver, Thien Q. Phan, Mark R. Stoudt, Sergey Mekhontsev, Lyle E. Levine
The complex physical nature of the laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) process warrants use of multiphysics computational simulations to predict or design optimal operating parameters or resultant part qualities such as microstructure or defect concentration

Topographic Measurement of Individual Laser Tracks in Alloy 625 Bare Plates

October 10, 2019
Richard E. Ricker, Jarred C. Heigel, Brandon M. Lane, Ivan Zhirnov, Lyle E. Levine
Additive manufacturing (AM) combines all of the complexities of materials processing and manufacturing into a single process. The digital revolution made this combination possible, but the commercial viability of these technologies for critical parts may

Phase Fraction and Evolution of Additively Manufactured 15-5 Stainless Steel and Inconel 625 AM- Benchmark Artifacts

August 5, 2019
Fan Zhang, Lyle E. Levine, Andrew J. Allen, Sandra A. Young, Maureen E. Williams, Mark R. Stoudt, Kil-Won Moon, Jarred C. Heigel, Jan Ilavsky
A proper understanding of the structure and microstructure of additive manufactured (AM) alloys is essential not only to the prediction and assessment of their material properties, but also to the validation and verification of computer models essential to

Elastic residual strain and stress measurements and corresponding part deflections of 3D AM builds of IN625 AM-Bench artifacts using neutron diffraction, synchrotron X-ray diffraction, and contour method

July 29, 2019
Thien Q. Phan, Maria Strantza, Michael R. Hill, Thomas H. Gnaupel-Herold, Jarred C. Heigel, Christopher D'Elia, DeWald Adrian, Bjorn Clausen, Darren C. Pagan, J. Y. Peter Ko, Donald W. Brown, Lyle E. Levine
One of the primary barriers for acceptance of additive manufacturing (AM) has been the uncertainty in the performance of AM parts due to residual stresses/strains. The rapid heating and cooling rates, along with the thermal history of the laser melting

Evaluation of a thermo-mechanical model for prediction of residual stress during laser powder bed fusion of Ti-6Al-4V

April 2, 2019
Rishi Ganeriwala, Maria Strantza, Wayne King, Bjorn Clausen, Thien Q. Phan, Lyle E. Levine, Donald W. Brown, Niel Hodge
The build-up of residual stress in a part during laser powder bed fusion provides a significant limitation to the adoption of this process. These residuals stresses may cause a part to fail during a build or fall outside the specified tolerances after

Simulation of TTT curves for additively manufactured Inconel 625

January 1, 2019
Carelyn E. Campbell, Greta Lindwall, Eric Lass, Fan Zhang, Mark R. Stoudt, Andrew J. Allen, Lyle E. Levine
The ability to use common computational thermodynamic and kinetic tools to study the microstructure evolution in Inconel 625 (IN625) manufactured using the additive manufacturing (AM) technique of laser powder-bed fusion is evaluated. Solidification

High-efficiency Coherence-Preserving Harmonic Rejection with Crystal Optics

September 1, 2018
Fan Zhang, Andrew J. Allen, Lyle E. Levine, Gabrielle G. Long, Ivan Kuzmenko, Jan Ilavsky
We report a harmonic rejection scheme based on the combination of Si (111) monochromator and Si (220) harmonic-rejection crystal optics. This approach is of importance to a wide range of X- ray applications in all three major branches of modern X-ray

Coupled experimental and computational study of residual stresses of additively manufactured Ti-6Al-4V components

July 30, 2018
Maria Strantza, Rishi Ganeriwala, Bjorn Clausen, Thien Q. Phan, Lyle E. Levine, D Pagan, Wayne King, Niel Hodge, Brown Donald
The production of metallic parts via laser-powder bed fusion (L-PBF) additive manufacturing is rapidly growing. To use components produced via L-PBF in safety-critical applications, a high degree of quality confidence is required. This qualification can be

Effect of Heat Treatment on the Microstructural Evolution of a Nickel-Based Superalloy Additive-Manufactured by Powder Bed Fusion Laser Sintering

June 15, 2018
Fan Zhang, Lyle E. Levine, Andrew J. Allen, Mark R. Stoudt, Greta Lindwall, Eric Lass, Maureen E. Williams, Yaakov S. Idell, Carelyn E. Campbell
Elemental segregation is a ubiquitous phenomenon in additive-manufactured (AM) parts due to solute rejection and redistribution during the rapid solidification process. Using electron microscopy, in situ synchrotron X-ray scattering and diffraction, and

Development of combined microstructure and structure characterization facility for in situ and operando studies at the Advanced Photon Source

June 1, 2018
Jan Ilavsky, Fan Zhang, Ross N. Andrews, Ivan Kuzmenko, Pete R. Jemian, Lyle E. Levine, Andrew J. Allen
Following many years of evolutionary development, first at the National Synchrotron Light Source, Brookhaven National Laboratory, and then at the Advanced Photon Source (APS), Argonne National Laboratory, the APS ultra-small-angle X-ray scattering (USAXS)