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Search Publications by

Robert E Vest (Fed)

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 70

Broadband Radiometric LED Measurements

September 6, 2016
George P. Eppeldauer, P. Yvonne Barnes, Howard W. Yoon, Leonard Hanssen, Vyacheslav B. Podobedov, Robert E. Vest, Uwe Arp, C Cameron Miller
At present, broadband radiometric measurements of LEDs with uniform and low-uncertainty results are not available. Currently, either spectral radiometric measurements or broadband photometric LED measurements are used. The broadband photometric

The New SURF Beamline 3

May 18, 2016
Robert E. Vest
A new beamline is being commissioned at the Synchrotron Ultraviolet Radiation Facility (SURF III) on the Gaithersburg, MD campus of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). SURF III is a 380-MeV synchrotron radiation source providing

Calibration procedure for UV-365 integrated irradiance measurements

September 8, 2015
George P. Eppeldauer, Thomas C. Larason, Robert E. Vest, Uwe Arp, Howard W. Yoon
Since the CIE standardized rectangular-shape spectral response function for the 320 nm to 400 nm wavelength range can be realized only with large spectral mismatch, the realized UV-A meters have different response functions resulting in large errors in

IR-enhanced Si reference detectors for 1-step scale transfers from 300 nm to 1000 nm

November 20, 2014
George P. Eppeldauer, Thomas C. Larason, Jeanne M. Houston, Robert E. Vest, Uwe Arp, Howard W. Yoon
IR-enhanced Si photodiodes have improved radiometric and electronic characteristics as compared to other widely used Si photodiodes and can be used as responsivity standards in the wavelength range from 300 nm to 1000 nm. Their low predicted uncertainty

Noble Gas Excimer Scintillation Following Neutron Capture in Boron Thin Films

April 11, 2014
Alan K. Thompson, Jacob McComb, Charles W. Clark, Michael A. Coplan, Mohamad Al-Sheikhly, Robert E. Vest
Far-ultraviolet (FUV) scintillation signals have been measured in heavy noble gases (argon, krypton, xenon) following boron-neutron capture (10B(n,α)7Li) in 10B thin films. The observed scintillation yields are comparable to the yields from some liquid and

First Report on Quantum Dot Coated CMOS CID Arrays for the UV and VUV

December 13, 2013
Uwe Arp, Robert E. Vest, Zoran Ninkov, Ross Robinson, Suraj Bhaskaran
A technique has been developed for coating commercial off the shelf (COTS) detector arrays with a thin, uniform layer of quantum dots. The quantum deposition is accomplished using an Optomec Aerosol Jet rapid prototyping system. When illuminated by UV

SURF III: A flexible Synchrotron Radiation Source for Radiometry and Research

September 1, 2011
Uwe Arp, Charles W. Clark, Lu Deng, Nadir S. Faradzhev, Alex P. Farrell, Mitchell L. Furst, Steven E. Grantham, Edward W. Hagley, Shannon B. Hill, Thomas B. Lucatorto, Ping-Shine Shaw, Charles S. Tarrio, Robert E. Vest
The calculability of synchrotron radiation (SR) makes electron storage rings wonderful light sources for radiometry. The broadband nature of SR allows coverage of the whole spectral region from the x-ray to the far-infrared. Compact low-energy storage

Far-ultraviolet signatures of the 3He(n,tp) reaction in noble gas mixtures

December 8, 2010
Patrick Hughes, Alan K. Thompson, Michael Coplan, Robert E. Vest, Charles W. Clark
Previous work showed that the 3He(n,tp) reaction in a cell of 3He at atmospheric pressure generated tens of far-ultraviolet photons per reacted neutron. Here we report amplification of that signal by factors of 1000 and more when noble gases are added to

Tracking down sources of carbon contamination in EUVL exposure tools

August 3, 2009
Charles S. Tarrio, Robert E. Vest, Thomas B. Lucatorto, R. Caudillo
Optics in EUVL exposure tools are known to suffer reflectivity degradation, mostly from the buildup of carbon. The sources of this carbon have been difficult to identify. Vacuum cleanliness is normally monitored with a residual gas analyzer, but this has

At-Wavelength Metrology for EUV Lithography at NIST

July 14, 2009
Charles S. Tarrio, Steven E. Grantham, Robert E. Vest, Thomas B. Lucatorto
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is active in many areas of metrology impacting extreme ultraviolet lithography. We will describe our activities in the areas of reflectometry, pulsed radiometry, and long-term multiplayer mirror

Measuring Pulse Energy With Solid-State Photodiodes

April 10, 2009
Robert E. Vest, Shannon B. Hill, Steven E. Grantham
With the advent of extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) the measurement of the energy contained in pulses of short-wavelength radiation is becoming increasingly important. Even low average power sources can deliver pulses of radiation with high peak

EUVL dosimetry at NIST

March 13, 2009
Charles S. Tarrio, Steven E. Grantham, Marc J. Cangemi, Robert E. Vest, Thomas B. Lucatorto, Noreen Harned
As part of its role in providing radiometric standards in support of industry, NIST has been active in advancing extreme ultraviolet dosimetry on various fronts. Recently, we undertook a major effort in accurately measuring the sensitivity of three extreme

Quantitative Measurement of Outgas Products From EUV Photoresists

March 14, 2008
Charles S. Tarrio, Bruce A. Benner Jr, Robert E. Vest, Steven E. Grantham, Shannon B. Hill, Thomas B. Lucatorto, Jay H. Hendricks, Patrick J. Abbott, Greg Denbeaux, Alin Antohe, Chimaobi Mbanaso, Kevin Orbek
The photon-stimulated emission of organic molecules from the photoresist during exposure is a serious problem for extreme- ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) because the adsorption of the outgassing products on the EUV optics can lead to carbonization and

SDO EVE CCD and Thin Foil Filter Characterization and Selection

September 13, 2007
Matthew Triplett, David Croster, Thomas N. Woods, Francis Eparvier, Phillip Chamberlin, Gregory D. Berthiaume, David Weitz, Robert E. Vest
The NASA Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), scheduled for launch in 2008, incorporates a suite of instruments including the EUV Variability Experiment (EVE). The EVE instrument package contains grating spectrographs used to measure the solar extreme

SDO EVE ESP Radiometric Calibration and Results

September 13, 2007
Leonid Didkovsky, D L. Judge, Seth Wieman, T N. Woods, Phillip Chamberlin, Andrew Jones, Francis Eparvier, Matthew Triplett, Donald Woodraska, D R. McMullin, Mitchell L. Furst, Robert E. Vest
The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Extreme ultraviolet Solar Photometer (ESP), as a part of the Extreme ultraviolet Variability Experiment (EVE) suite of instruments, was calibrated at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) on the